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Crêpe ginger (Cheilocostus speciosus)

Pacing tawar or crêpe ginger (Cheilocostus speciosus) is a plant that grows upright for height of 0.5 meters to 3 meters, has a large flower, likes damp and shade in primary forests, secondary forests and teak forests on lowlands up to 1050 meters above sea level.

C. speciosus has a brownish yellow stem, the size of an adult's finger, contains a lot of water and is easily broken. The plants go upward in harmony with the tops, the leaves are green, single, short stalks and the strands extend to the lanceolate shape and are arranged in a spiral circle around the stem.

Dlium Crêpe ginger (Cheilocostus speciosus)

Tapered leaf tips, flat edges, blunt leaf base, 11-28 cm long and 8-11 cm wide. The surface of the lower leaves is soft, while the upper surface is grooved. Large-sized inflorescence located at the end of the stem.

Flowers are white or yellow. Egg-shaped protective leaves with pointed ends. The crown is tubular, about 1 cm long and about 5 mm in diameter. Stamen 6 cm long, pointed tip and green. The pistil pops up on the starch and is white. The fruit is ovoid and red. Hard seeds, small, about 2 mm in diameter and black. Roots of white or yellow fibers.

Rhizome contains starch. Rhizomes and seeds contain diosgenin (sapogenin steroid), tigogenin, diosin, grasillin, sitosterol, methyltryacontan, 8-hydroxitriacontan-25-on, 5-alpha-stigmast-9 (11) -en-3-beta-ol-24-hydroxitriacontan -26-on, and 24-hydroxihentriakontan-27-on. This chemical content is the raw material for contraception. Also contains saponins, flavonoids and tannins.



Traditional Javanese treatment uses pacing tawar to treat swelling in the kidneys (nephtiric edema), stomach ulcers, urinary tract infections (urinary tractus) and liver shrinkage (chirosis). Seeds can be produced using an immobilized system that is useful for improving the quality of the pharmaceutical industry.

All parts of the plant are used as external medicine for wounds from being bitten by snakes and insects. Leaves are used as a medicine for eye mucous inflammation. Young leaves to nourish hair. The stem is used as a medicine for fever and dysentery. Pith stems to cool the eyes in people with smallpox.

Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Costaceae
Genus: Cheilocostus
Species: C. speciosus

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