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Clove (Syzygium aromaticum)

Cengkeh or clove or Eugenia aromaticum (Syzygium aromaticum) is a plant species in Myrtaceae, growing up to 10-20 m, large leaves and dark red flowers are grouped in terminals, dried flower-scented buds, widely used as cooking spices, medical ingredients, oils and typical cigarettes Indonesia.

S. aromaticum has flowers in a pale hue and gradually turns green, then bright red when ready for harvest. Cloves are harvested 1.5-2.0 cm long and consist of long petals which end in four diffuse sepals and four unopened petals that form a small middle ball.


Clove has a number of varieties including Afo, Posi-posi, Siputih, Zanzibar, and Sikotok. Zanzibar has lush leaves and dark green, low branches on the stem and produces light green flower buds. Siputih cloves have branches at the top of the stem, lush leaves and yellow-green flower buds.

Morphology of S. aromaticum is classified into 3 types: Maluku (Afo, Tibobo, Tauro, Sibela, Indari, Air Mata, Dokiri and Daun Buntal), wild (Raja, Amahusu, …
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Laron (Macrotermes gilvus)

Laron (Macrotermes gilvus) is species of insects in Termitidae, eat cellulose in wood and fungi, nest in neglected soil, imago have wings, generally come out of the nest to colonize new territory at the beginning of the rainy season, each colony consists of kings-queens or reproductive, warriors and workers.

M. gilvus is very adaptive and invasive, lives in the tropics at an altitude of 0-1000 meters and builds underground nests in forests and neglected lands. The cycle starts with eggs, larvae and nymphs. The next stage is to become one of the workers, soldiers and reproductive imago.


Workers have the smallest size, white in color, whose job is to find food and build nests using soil, wood chew, saliva and their feces. They built a nest with complex construction and an area of up to 7 square meters.

The warrior has a larger size, a large red head, a pair of large claws in the mouth as a weapon and has the duty to guard the nests and colonies. Workers and soldiers are mostly blind wher…

Green wattle (Acacia decurrens)

Kasiah or akasia jarum or green wattle or early green wattle or Mimosa decurrens (Acacia decurrens) are plant species in Fabaceae, perennial trees or shrubs, grow fast to 15 m high, gummy woody, dark green twigs and green or brown or dark gray tree bark.

A. decurrens is very striking as a grove of green, has needle-shaped leaves, dark green in alternating arrangement, the base of the stems forming pulvinus, bipinnate, rachis length is 20-120 mm, angular and hairless.


Each small leaflet has 15-45 pairs with a wide distance, connected to each other with a length of 5-15 mm with a width of 0.4-1 mm, straight, parallel side, pointed end, pointed base, shiny and not hairy or sparse.

The small flowers are yellow or golden yellow and are attached tightly to the stems on each head with a length of 5-7 mm and the length of the axillary rasme or panicle terminal is 60-110 mm. Bisexual, fragrant, five petals, sepals and many stamens.

The pods mature in dry season. Dark brown or reddish brown or b…

Temulawak (Curcuma zanthorrhiza)

Temulawak or Java ginger or Javanese ginger or Javanese turmeric or Curcuma xanthorrhiza (Curcuma zanthorrhiza) is a plant species in Zingiberaceae, grows well in loose soil in tropical forests in the lowlands to an altitude of 1500 meters above sea level and tubers are used for medicinal herbs and drinks.

C. zanthorrhiza has pseudo stems up to 2 m tall. The stem is a midrib of upright, overlapping leaves, green or dark brown in color. Rhizomes are perfectly formed, large, branched and reddish brown, dark yellow or dark green.


Each bud forms 2-9 leaves with a circular shape extending to lancet, green or light purple to dark brown, leaves 31-84 cm long and 10-18 cm wide, stems 43-80 cm long and each strand is connected with a midrib.

Flowers are dark yellow, uniquely shaped and clustered with lateral inflorescences. The stems and scales are in the form of lines, 9-23cm long and 4-6cm wide, having protectors with comparable crowns. Petals are white, hairy and 8-13mm long.

The crown is tu…

Devil's backbone (Euphorbia tithymaloides)

Pokok lipan or devil's-backbone or redbird flower or christmas candle or Pedilanthus tithymaloides (Euphorbia tithymaloides) are plant species in Euphorbiaceae, upright, evergreen, gummy shrubs, growing in tropical and subtropical regions.

E. tithymaloides likes sandy soils especially with high concentrations of boron, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum and zinc. This bush grows to 2.4 m high and 61 cm wide. Simple angiosperm leaves, arranged opposite to the stem where each leaf is sessile with a length of 3.6-7.6 cm.


The stem has the tip of a handle that supports a group of flowers that are not scented. Bifid crown and ovoid. The involucral bracts are bright red, irregular in shape and length from 1.1 to 1.3 mm.

Hairy male and female pedicels. Seed pods are 7.6 mm long, 8.9 mm wide and ovate with clipped ends. Devil's-backbone generally blooms in mid-spring in the subtropical region and in the dry season in the tropics. Pollination is carried out by ants and birds.

Redbird fl…

Cempedak (Artocarpus integer)

Cempedak or small jackfruit or Artocarpus champeden (Artocarpus integer) is a plant in Moraceae, monoecious, has a fruit shape, taste and fragrance similar to jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) and often interbred naturally in nature, but has a smaller tree size, smaller fruit and bigger leaves.

A. integer is a tree that is always green, height can reach 20 m even though most are only a dozen meters. Branches and shoots have fine, stiff, brownish hair. Leaves thin, rather stiff, 2.5-5x5-25 cm, flat-edged, inverted ovate with base of peg-shaped to rounded and pointed tip.


Petiole has a length of 1-3 cm. The ovary leaves are elongated, tapered, hairy, fall off easily and leave a ring mark on the twigs. Flowers appear on the armpits of the leaves, on large branches, on the main stem and on special short leafy shoots.

Male flowers are hump shaped, 1x3-5.5 cm, pale or yellowish green and stalk length 3-6 cm. The female flower head is elongated, embedded 1.5 mm deep in the pivot shaft and …

Barbados lily (Hippeastrum puniceum)

Barbados lily or amaryllis lily (Hippeastrum puniceum) is a species of perennial flowering plant in Amaryllidaceae, grows in the tropics, has 4-6 leaves, bright green, 30-60 cm long and 2.5-3 cm wide, white waxed, tubular and shrink at the ends.

H. puniceum has flowers that grow in the umbel at the end of the stalk which has a height of 40-60 cm and stands tall with a pointed tip at the top. The umbel has lanceolate green bracts at its base. Each stalk has one or two ovaries.


Orange-red petal with yellow or pale base. The two lower tepals are much narrower than lateral. About five white stamens emerge from the end of the tube in the middle of the crown.

A single flower will bloom to face north or south with a curved base where the horizontal flower faces are parallel to the ground, while the stems that have two flowers will bloom to face north and others to the south.

Wild barbados lilies grow in forests, yard, roadside and neglected lands. This plant likes sandy, gravel and rocky soil…