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Sumplur (Trichosanthes cochinchinensis)

Sumplur or Gymnopetalum chinensis or Gymnopetalum cochinchinense (Trichosanthes cochinchinensis) is a plant species in Cucurbitaceae, the stems grow elongated for vine or climb, branched many tubes, green and hairy.

T. cochinchinensis has a stem or branching end that threads to attach to a support or other plant. Plants grow to climb to cover a support, usually another plant, up to several meters, creeping up on the ground to reach another support.

The leaves are arrow-shaped, the base is split, the tip is sharp and two wings with acute angles, serrated edges, has many veins that end at the sharp edges, rough surface, green, hairy and has a long stalk.

The single flower is white and 3 cm in diameter. The fruit is oval, 3-5 cm long, base narrows, tip narrows and ends with a tail, has about 10 linear ribs, hairy, young green and turns red or orange with maturity, has short and hanging stalks.

Sumplur grows wild in primary and secondary forest, agricultural land, roadsides, watersheds, espec…
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Broom grass (Thysanolaena latifolia)

Rumput sapu or broom grass (Thysanolaena latifolia) is a species of plant in Poaceae, grows perennial in clumps, upright stems and curves downward to lie down in the center, is green, grows on slopes, flowers in panicles are collected and used to make brooms.

T. latifolia lives chronically in clumps, stems erect, 200-400 cm high, hard, unbranched and curved. A solid and strong reed was not hollow. The ligula is a hairless membrane, 1-2 mm long and rompang.

The leaves are elongated, lanceolate-oblong like hides, sharp edges, stiff and crispy, 30-60 cm long, 3-7 cm wide, green, clearly visible cross-veins and a transverse stamp print in the middle

The flowers are collected in large, open panicles at the tips of the stems, oval or ovate, 30-60 cm long and 15-30 cm wide. The main branches in each node, the axis has short hair, the lower part is free of spikelets, the lowest branches are up to 30 cm and the stalk is 2 mm. Single or paired spikelet and 1.5-1.8 mm. Kariopsis oblong and 0.5 mm.


Tleres (Polybioides tleres)

Tleres (Polybioides tleres) is a species of animal in Vespidae, eusocial wasp, black head and hair, black back and hair, long and narrow joints in black and yellow, belly black and yellow, nests tethered to cliffs that hang through pedicels.

P. tleres has an overall black head and hair. A pair of black eyes. A pair of antennas, long and black. The back is all black and hairy. A pair of wings is black and transparent.

Belly shaped water droplets, pointed tip, striped crosswise, black and bright yellow, linear folds on the sides. The top has five segments in yellow and four segments in black. The bottom part has five black segments and four yellow segments.

The stomach and back are connected by a long pipe, narrow, slightly curved downward, the middle is enlarged, the back end is smaller, is black with two yellow plots at the top in the middle and near the back end.

The nests contain fatty acids which cause a necrophoric response in the ants and cause them to avoid pedicels rather than cros…

Fragile dapperling (Leucocoprinus fragilissimus)

Fragile dapperling (Leucocoprinus fragilissimus) is a species of fungus in Agaricaceae, a very fragile toadstool, long and very thin stems with thin rings, breaks easily with slight pressure, cap is deep grooved, translucent, pale yellow or bright white, grows solitary above the humus.

L. fragilissimus has a cap up to 4.5 cm wide, curved downward or flat or curved upwards and is bell-shaped with small bumps, serrated edges as fold ends, very brittle and collapses immediately.

Translucent, deep grooved from edge to center, dry or moist, pale greenish yellow with slightly darker center and fades to white with yellowish center.

Stems up to 4-9 cm long, up to 2 mm thick, very brittle and swaying in the wind, white with faint spots of pale, translucent color. A thin ring is white, translucent, brittle and sometimes disappears.

The spores are white, 12x8 µ, ellipsoid with a large pore of 2 µ at one end. It grows solitary or scattered, appearing after the first rains at the start of the rainy se…