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Kingkilaban (Mussaenda frondosa)

Wild mussaenda or kingkilaban ( Mussaenda frondosa ) is a species of plant in the Rubiaceae, a climbing shrub, 2-5 meters high, hairy all over, leaves sitting opposite each other, ovate to oval in shape, 15 cm long and 8 cm wide. M. frondosa has flowers in panicles, star-shaped and orange-yellow in color. The petals are large and white. Pistils brown-orange. The fruit is round and narrow, bright green and black in color. This species grows in montane and sub-montane forests, slopes, elevations of 400-2000 meters and is semi-arid tolerant. This plant contains β-sitosterol, alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, β-stigmasterol, arjunolic acid, tannins, glycosides, steroids and resin. Often used as an anti-breast cancer agent, treating jaundice, asthma, fever, boils, leprosy, diuretic, coughs, wounds, diarrhea, eye pain and worm medicine. Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Tracheophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Gentianales Family: Rubiaceae Subfamily: Ixoroideae Tribe: Muss
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Pink weed (Spigelia anthelmia)

Pink weed ( Spigelia anthelmia ) is a species of plant in the Loganiaceae, herbaceous, erect, height up to 60 cm, fibrous roots, cylindrical stems, green, scaly or white powdery, sometimes branched at the base of the stem, grows to form colonies in shady places in the forest, roadsides and abandoned lands. S. anthelmia has oval-shaped leaves, length up to 13 cm, width up to 5 cm, green in color, rounded base and blunt tip. The flowers are funnel-shaped and white with brown or dark red stripes. Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Tracheophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Gentianales Family: Loganiaceae Genus: Spigelia Species: Spigelia anthelmia

Whitehead spikesedge (Cyperus mindorensis)

Whitehead spikesedge ( Cyperus mindorensis ) is a species of plant in the Cyperaceae, erect, green herbaceous, rhizomes spreading along the ground, fibrous roots, ribbon-shaped lower leaves up to 20 cm long, inflorescences at the top end of long stalks. C. mindorensis has flowers at the end of the stalk, sitting on 3-4 upper leaves, shaped like a head and white in color. The flower stalk is up to 20 cm long. The upper leaves are ribbon-shaped and green. Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Tracheophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Liliopsida Order: Poales Family: Cyperaceae Subfamily: Cyperoideae Tribe: Cypereae Genus: Cyperus Species: Cyperus mindorensis

Never never plant (Ctenanthe oppenheimiana)

Giant bamburanta or never never plant or giant never plant ( Ctenanthe oppenheimiana ) is a species of plant in the Marantaceae, perennial herb, dense green up to 140 cm high, prefers warm, sheltered, shady and humid conditions. C. oppenheimiana has elongated oval-shaped leaves, up to 56 cm long, up to 20 cm wide, with a sharp tip, the upper side is green and white and the lower side is burgundy. The leaf stalk is cylindrical, 84 cm long, the upper part 4 cm long is green and glabrous, the lower part has brown hair. The flowers are in panicles over 5 cm long and have brown hairs. Flowers measure 0.5 cm, white and yellow. This species grows in shady, moist soil and has good drainage. Leaves immediately curl and wilt when exposed to direct sunlight. Often grows around rivers. Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Tracheophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Liliopsida Order: Zingiberales Family: Marantaceae Genus: Ctenanthe Species: Ctenanthe oppenheimiana