Skip to main content

Posts

Sugar palm (Arenga pinnata)

Enau or aren or moka or sugar palm (Arenga pinnata) is a plant species, the most important palm after coconut (Cocos nucifera) in Arecaceae which is a versatile plant, growing to 25 m high and 65 cm in diameter, stems sturdy and at the top wrapped in by black fibers as leaf fronds that surround the stem.

A. pinnata has pinnate compound leaves, up to 5 m long with stems up to 1.5 m. Minor leaves such as corrugated ribbon, 7x145 cm, dark green on the top and whitish by a layer of wax on the bottom.


The male flowers separate from the female flowers in different cobs that appear in the armpit of the leaf and are up to 2.5 m long. Bullet-shaped fruit for a diameter of 4 cm, has three chambers and three seeds and arranged in chains.

Each bunch has 10 or more stalks and each stalk has approximately 50 rows of green or yellowish brown fruit. This fruit cannot be eaten directly because the sap causes severe itching.

Aren are easy to grow in tropical Asia, grow wild or planted on slopes or river…
Recent posts

Garden cross spider (Argiope pulchella)

Garden cross spider (Argiope pulchella) is a spider species in Araneidae, synanthropic, dimorphic where females are larger in size, females build webs and are sometimes accompanied by X-shaped stabiliments while males occupy edges, long legs and prey on various insects.

A. pulchella lives in natural forests, hilly slopes and disturbed habitats including fields, waterways and house yards. The web is built at a height of 1 m from the ground level which is connected to the branches of plants or leaves.


The female has a size of 8-10 mm, dark yellow carapace with white hair. Heart-shaped front bone. Anterior brown with white patches. The stomach is somewhat pentagonal, the legs are long and brown, the cephalothorax is brown, the dorsum is bright yellow or white with three horizontal black stripes, the ventrum has black, white and yellow stripes.

Males have a size of 4-6 mm, cephalothorax is dark brown and has no streaks.



Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
F…

Durian (Durio zibethinus)

Durian (Durio zibethinus) is a species of tropical plant in Malvaceae, an annual tree, everlasting green but there are certain times to grow new leaves after the fruiting period is over, popularly called "king of fruit" and considered a controversial fruit where many people like, but some others are even fed up with the scent.

D. zibethinus grows to 25-50 m, reddish brown bark and irregular peeling, leafy and stretched canopy. The leaves are oval shaped to lanceolate, 10-15x3-4.5 cm, sitting alternately, stemmed, taper or blunt base and taper-pointed sloping, bright green upper side, the lower side covered with silver or golden scales.


Flowers and fruit

Flowers appear directly on the trunk or old branches at the proximal, clustered in panicles containing 3-10 florets or flat-shaped florets. Rounded flower buds, 2 cm in diameter and long stem. Tubular petals, 3 cm long, additional petals split into 2-3 round lobes.

Crown shaped spatula with a length of 2 times the petals, 5 str…

Taro (Colocasia esculenta)

Talas or taro (Colocasia esculenta) is a plant species in Araceae, 0.4 to 1.5 m high, has no stem and is not woody, waxy leaves, important tuber producers where corm that grows underground is a source of carbohydrates and cultivated since ancient times.

C. esculenta has 2-5 leaves with green stems, dark green or purplish stripes, 23-150 cm long and the base is a midrib. Leaves have a size of 6.60x7.53 cm, round eggs, oval with tapered ends, sometimes purplish in color around the stalks, waxy and rounded base.


The flower comes in the cob on the armpit of the leaf and has a stem for a length of 15-60 cm. The sheath has a length of 10-30 cm consisting of two parts where the top is longer, yellow orange and fall out. Male cob is yellow, fruit is green and 0.5 cm in diameter. Bobbin-shaped seeds and grooved longitudinally.

Taro is grown for tubers as an important source of carbohydrates. However, these tubers contain itchy sap, so they must be cooked before consuming them. Tubers can be pro…

Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)

Kembang sepatu or bunga raya or worawari or Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) is a species of shrub in Malvaceae, growing 2-5 m high and 1-3 m wide, having ovoid leaves, acute tips, jagged edges, shiny, and solitary. Widely planted as an ornamental plant in the tropics and subtropics, large flowers, red and odorless.

H. rosa-sinensis has a variety of cultivars and hybrids including single or double flowers that are white, yellow, orange and red. Flowers come all year long, large, conspicuous, trumpet-shaped, five petals with a diameter of 4-18 cm and anthers red orange.


Chinese hibiscus includes dicotyledonous, solitary, complete and perfect, has superior ovaries, regular symmetry and axillary placentation, 5 carpels, 5 loci, 5 sepals and varying amounts of stamens. The base of the flower is green petals and the pointed tip of the petals is sepals.

The male and female parts of the same flower. The five hairy red spots at the top of the flower are the stigmas in which pollen is …

Rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis)

Rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) is a plant species in Euphorbiaceae, a tree height of 15-25 m, but in the wild up to 43 m, a large trunk, grows straight and has a high branching above. The stem of this plant contains milk sap which is extracted as the main source of natural rubber.

H. brasiliensis has a cylindrical rod, brown and the inner skin secretes latex if injured. The leaves have three leaflets, arranged in a spiral, elliptical, elongated with a tapered tip, flat edge and bare. The main leaf stalk has a length of 3-20 cm and a minor leaf stalk for 3-10 cm.


Male and female flowers are separate, yellowish and have no petals. The fruit is a capsule that contains three and six seeds according to the amount of space, blackish brown with typical patterned spots and explosively open when ripe.

Rubber trees need a tropical or subtropical climate with a minimum rainfall of 1,200 mm per year and no frost. Tapping is one of the main activities of exploitation of this plant by opening the …

Pagoda flower (Clerodendrum paniculatum)

Pagoda flower (Clerodendrum paniculatum) is a flowering plant species in Lamiaceae, popular as an ornamental plant with clumps shaped like pagodas or pyramids, red in color, favored by butterflies and widely used as traditional medicinal plants.

C. paniculatum lives in the tropics, generally growing to 2-3 meters tall, upright stems and green with brown skin. The leaves are dark green, the surface is wavy following the bone, oval-shaped with a pointed tip and has two acute angles on each side like two pairs of wings.


Flowers are panicles arranged in the form of a pagoda with a taper on the top of the stem, predominantly red and have many pedicels. A single flower has five petals, white with a red center, long white stamen and increasingly to the red end.

Pagoda flowers grow in the lowlands and highlands for all temperatures, need a lot of sun throughout the day. Roots are cold with a bitter taste and are used to treat pain in rheumatism, back pain, tuberklosis, coughing up blood, insom…