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Horsfield's treeshrew (Tupaia javanica)

Tupai jawa or Javan treeshrew or Horsfield's treeshrew (Tupaia javanica) is small mammal species in Tupaiidae, diurnal, omnivorous tend to be carnivorous, slim small, head and body length of about 15 cm and tail length of about 18 cm or 120% of accumulation head and body.

T. javanica has yellow-brown gray hair color with blackish spots. Around the eyes and shoulders have a whitish yellow, the sides of the abdomen and under the feet are yellowish to whitish.


Long snout, big black eyes, long tail and widening but not thick, yellow brown with black spots. Horsfield's treeshrew has similarities and is difficult to distinguish with Sciuridae which have almost the same size and color in overlapping ecological niches.

Tupai jawa lives in open forests and plantations, especially in places with many small trees, active during the day especially in the morning. They are shy and stay away when they see humans.

They like to find food in small trees or shrubs open or half open, especially v…
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Avocado (Persea americana)

Alpukat or avocado (Persea americana) is a plant species in Lauraceae, a small tree with a height of 3-10 m, taproot, woody stem, round, brown, many branched and fine-haired twigs. Leaf buds are reddish and have tight hair, while old leaves are green and bare.

P. americana has a single leaf crammed at the end of a branch with a stem length of 1.5-5 cm, shaped long to round egg length, thick as a leather, pointed tip and base, the flat edge sometimes slightly curled upward, bone pinnate, 10-20 cm long and 3-10 cm wide.


Large avocado trees produce millions of flowers in a season. Compound flowers, androgynous, arranged in panicles that come out near the tips of the branches, greenish yellow. A single female flower with a long stamen and ends with an enlarged anthers.

Each flower has three stamens in the inner stamen and six in the outer stamen. Hermaphrodite flowers but dichogamy in which each flower blooms twice at different times. Female flowers bloom on the first day and male flowers …

Obscure morning glory (Ipomoea obscura)

Obscure morning glory or small white morning glory or ipomoea luteola (Ipomoea obscura) is a species of flowering plants in Convolvulaceae, growing vines and climbing in open areas on tropical forest floors and untreated lands.

I. obscura has tuberous roots, reniform and green-colored leaves that appear intermittently, 2-12 cm long and 2-10 cm wide. Stems are green or purple with the ends wrapped around to other plants for climbing media.



The flower petals are white with a brown central tube and decorated with five crem stars, bell-shaped facing upwards and about 3 cm long. This plant produces almost all the flowers throughout the year.

Obscure morning glory is often used as an ornamental plant. In some places local residents use the leaves for vegetables and medical drugs such as mouth ulcers by pounding dried leaves until soft or pulverizing fresh leaves and then affixed to the sprain.



Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Sol…

Molucca albizia (Falcataria moluccana)

Sengon laut or Molucca albizia (Falcataria moluccana) is a species of wood-producing trees in Fabaceae, claimed to have the fastest growth in the world with the addition of a height of 7 m/year, producing white light wood for light construction, packing crates, particle boards and blockboards.

F. moluccana has a height of 40 m and a diameter of 100 cm or more, the main stem is generally straight and cylindrical with clear bole up to 20 m. The bark is gray or whitish, smooth or slightly warted with a line of lenticels. Shady canopy, umbrella-shaped and tenuous. Young twigs have sides and hair.


Double pinnate compound leaves, small minor leaves, easily fall out with one or more glands on the stem and length 23-30 cm. Leaf fins number 6-20 pairs, each containing 6-26 pairs of elliptical or elongated minor leaves with a very tilted, pointed tip, 0.6-1.8x0.5 cm.

Small flowers, yellowish white, hairy, androgynous, collected in branched panicles, 10-25 cm long and located in the armpit of the…

Common carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Ikan mas or common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a species of animal in Cyprinidae, long and slightly flattened to the side, living in freshwater, omnivores, very diverse colors, has long been known as a food source and ornamental fish that is widely cultivated because it is easy to breed and not much requires special treatment.

C. carpio has a mouth at the tip of the middle and can be puffed, has two pairs of tentacles of unequal length. The head has a pair of eyes, a pair of concave noses that are not connected to the oral cavity, gill slits and a pair of lids, hearing aids and balance that is visible from the outside.


Fins are paired and single as a device for moving. They eat moss, plankton and small invertebrates found at the bottom and edges of the water, but more commonly referred to as omnivores that tend to be herbivores.

The digestive tract in segments includes the mouth, oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, pylorus, intestine, rectum and anus. Common carp with a length of 19 cm gene…

Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica)

Alang-alang or cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is a plant species in Poaceae, annual grass, sharp leaf, long buds and scaly, creeping under the ground, very adaptive and grows in all climates which often become weeds on agricultural land.

I. cylindrica has a sharp pointed tip of the bud and emerges from the ground, height of 0.2-1.5 m but in other places it may be more, short stems, rising up to the ground and flowering white or purplish, often with wreath of hair under the segment.


Leaf strands in the form of long ribbons, lancet-tipped with a narrow base and gutter-shaped, 12-80 cm long, very coarse edge and jagged sharply, long hair at the base with broad, pale leaf bones in the middle.

The flowers are panicles, 6-28 cm long with long-haired and white-colored ears for 1 cm which are used as a tool to blow off the fruit when ripe. Cogon grass breeds quickly with seeds that spread quickly with the wind or through rhizomes that quickly penetrate the soil.

Alang-alang does not like to…

Water apple (Syzygium aqueum)

Jambu air or water apple (Syzygium aqueum) is a plant species in Myrtaceae, in the form of shrubs with a height of 3-10 m, often has bent and branched stems starting from the base of the tree, sometimes shaking up to 50 cm and growing in the tropics.

S. aqueum has a single leaf located facing each other, having a stem length of 0.5-1.5 cm. Long leaf shaped heart to round oval inverted, has a single bone in the middle, green, 7-25x2.5-16 cm and does not smell aromatic when squeezed.


Flowers in panicles at the tips of branches or appear on the armpits of deciduous leaves, containing 3-7 florets and whitish yellow with a 1 cm long petal tube. The crown is round to triangular, 5-7 mm long, 0.75-2 cm long stamens and 17 mm long pistil stalks.

Bell-shaped fruit with a small base and tip that is very wide and often has a side curve that separates the base of the tip and has a size of 1.5-2x2.5-3.5 cm, curved petals and the outer side is white to red.

The fruit contains white solid fibers, a l…