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Marong (Trichosanthes scabra)

Marong or gymnopetalum (Trichosanthes scabra) is a species of plant in Cucurbitaceae, herbs grow on the surface, lots of sun, green-yellow stems and white solid hair, no branching tendrils, round or egg-shaped fruits and ripe red.

T. scabra has a leaf stalk for a length of 1.1-2.5 cm and a diameter of 0.2-0.5 mm. The leaves are circular in shape, wide, five shallow lobes, basal heart, rounded or somewhat tapered ends and toothed edges. The upper surface is bumpy, rough and has short hair, while the lower surface has dense and long hair.



Single male flower, solitary and 6-7 mm long. Persistent stalk, 30-70 mm long, hypantium-shaped, narrowed down and gray-haired. The triangular petals are wide and 4-5 mm long. Round egg crown, stamens in hypantium tubes, filament length 2-2.5 mm and bald.

Solitary female flowers, 25 mm stem length, round fruit candidates, long hair, cylindrical hypantium tubes, white crowns and 15 mm long. Pistils have a length of 7-10 mm, head upright with a length of 2 …
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Hedge bamboo (Bambusa multiplex)

Bambu pagar or hedge bamboo (Bambusa multiplex) is a plant species in Poaceae, bamboo that grows in clumps, dense, sympodial branches, has many varieties and is widely planted mainly to enclose the yard and roadside.

B. multiplex has green shoots and lokos. The young reed is covered with a layer of white wax, upright and the old is up to 8 meters high with a curved tip, starting to branch close above the ground with 7-9 branches that have the same size on a segment.



The segments are slightly prominent, bare, 30-50 cm long, 0.3-2.5 cm in diameter, the reed has a thin wall of up to 5 mm in some varieties, shiny green with stiff, brown fur, especially in bottom of the segment.

The fronds are easy to fall off, narrow trapezoidal, initially thinly covered by asymmetric white, bald and curved powder with a beveled edge on the outside.

The ear fringes are very small, unclear or have a frame shape of 1-2 mm in height, 3 mm fur spurs, irregularly serrated ligula, 1.5 mm high and locos. The leave…

Silver fern (Pityrogramma calomelanos)

akis perak or silver fern (Pityrogramma calomelanos) is a plant species in Pteridaceae, shrub fern, short and erect rhizomes, dark brown woody stems, grows in rocky or sandy soil, stems have smooth rhizomes, spread and are covered by side scales.

P. calomelanos has small cylindrical stems and fibrous roots. Black petiole. Single leaf is green, simple, pinnate or compound, jagged, pointed end and pinnate. Ental double pinnate, alternating and covered with silver flour.



Sexual reproduction uses spores in male and female gametes, while asexuals go through division. Three varieties recorded are Pityrogramma calomelanos var. aureoflava, Pityrogramma calomelanos ssp. austroamericana and Pityrogramma calomelanos var. calomelanos.

Silver ferns grow in open areas on rocky and sandy soils on slopes, often found on the banks of open or protected rivers, flourishing well on highlands up to 1200 meters. Generally live in tight or loose groups that cover an area.



Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta

Tongon (Debregeasia longifolia)

Tongon (Debregeasia longifolia) is a plant species in Urticaceae, shrubs, evergreens, 2-6 m high, dioecious or monoecious, round stems with few branches, composing a second layer of forest in mountain valleys with altitudes of 500-3200 m and used as survival plants by mountain climbers.

D. longifolia has erect or beveled stems, widened canopy, hard wood, few branches, hard bark and gray or whitish brown. Green shoots sprout from old stems, sometimes in the lower trunk. Twigs have a length of 50 cm for a row of several leaves, flowers and fruit.



Leaves are slender, 6-25 cm long and 2-8 cm wide, rounded base and sharp tip, a main bone runs linear in the middle, some minor bones sideways, thin as paper and jagged margins. The upper surface is rough and green, the lower surface is white-gray.

The flower grows from the leaf armpit, stalk 0.3-3 cm, spreads hirtellous, glomerulus globose and 3-4 mm in diameter. Spedicellate male flowers, obovoid in bud, 1.2-1.5 mm in diameter, rudimentary sess…