Skip to main content

Menoreh Mountains

Menoreh Mountains are mountainous areas stretching in the western region of Kulon Progo Regency in Yogyakarta Province and to the east of Purworejo Regency and Magelang Regency in Central Java Province, Indonesia. This mountain range has a fertile karst region, dense vegetation and caves as the home of a variety of bats.

Some formations include sandstone, clay rock, and limestone in the Middle Eocene; andesite rocks, andesite and tuff breccias as a result of Menoreh Volcano activity in the Oligocene; limestone and coral deposited in Lower Miocene; and the colluvium material deposited in the Quarter Period.

Dlium Menoreh Mountains

The Ayamayam peak (1,021 meters) is the highest point with geomorphology having a complex shape. Other peaks are Suroloyo Peak (1,019 m), Widosari Peak (944 m) and Kukusan Peak (890 m) in the north. Rivers that originate in these mountains include the Blubas River in Magelang and the Benowo River in Purworejo.

The complexity of Menoreh Mountains is an endogenic and exogenic process that works on various rocks to form unique landscapes and various ornamentations in the cave including the Kiskendo Cave and Seplawa Cave. The east and west are bordered by steep cliffs, one of which is the Kelir cliff that is hundreds of meters high.



The karst area in Menoreh is approximately 15 square kilometers, stretching from north to south. The northern and southern parts are hilly, while the central part is more gentle. This karst area is covered by dense vegetation, thick topsoil supports community activities in the agricultural and plantation sectors.

The biodiversity of the Menoreh karst region is still not fully revealed. but at least 47 bird species have been recorded from only one observation location on the north side. Other important notes include two protected butterfly species, Troides Helena and Troides amphrysus.



The biodiversity of the Menoreh karst region is still not fully revealed. but at least 47 bird species have been recorded from only one observation location on the north side. Other important notes include two protected butterfly species, Troides Helena and Troides amphrysus.

More than 10 species of bats live in caves as roosting sites including two extinct vulnerable species, Nycteris javanica and Rhinolophus canuti. The existence of bats, especially Microchiroptera, provides an ecological contribution to controlling insect populations.

Comments

Popular

Salak (Salacca zalacca)

Salak or snake fruit ( Salacca zalacca ) is a species of palm plant in Arecaceae, dioesis, shrubs and not trunked, has many thorns, many shoots, grows into dense and strong clumps, spreads below or above the ground, often branching and 10-15 cm diameter. S. zalacca has compound leaves, pinnate and 3-7 m long. Petiole, midrib and sapling have many long thorns, thin spines and a blackish-gray color. Minor leaves have a lanceolate shape, a pointed tip, 8x85 cm and a white underside by a waxy coating. The flowers in the cob are compound, appear in the armpit of the leaf, stem, initially covered by a sheath then dry and break down like fibers. Male flowers 50-100 cm long, 4-12 cylindrical items, 7-15 cm long, reddish in the armpits of tightly arranged scales. Female flowers 20-30 cm long, stemmed long and 1-3 items. The fruit has scaly skin, is eaten and is known as a table fruit, triangular shaped rather rounded or inverted ovoid, pointed at the base and rounded at the tip, 2.5-10

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red

Guinea grass (Panicum maximum)

Guinea grass or buffalo grass or green panic ( Panicum maximum ) is a plant species in Poaceae, annual grasses, growing upright to form clumps, strong, cultivated in all tropical and subtropical regions for very high value as fodder. P. maximum reproduces in very large pols, fibrous roots penetrate into the soil, upright stems, green, 1-1.5 m tall and have smooth cavities for diameters up to 2.5 mm. Propagation is done vegetatively and generatively. Ribbon-shaped leaves with a pointed tip, very many, built in lines, green, 40-105 cm long, 10-30 mm wide, erect, branched, a white linear bone, often covered with a layer of white wax, rough surface by hair short, dense and spread. The flower grows at the end of a long and upright stalk, open with the main axis length to more than 25 cm and the length of the bunches down to 20 cm. Grains have a size of 3x4 mm and oval. Seeds have a length of 2.25-2.50 mm and each 1 kg contains 1.2 - 1.5 million seeds. Guinea grass has two varieties. P