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Transportation in Indonesia

Transportation is the movement of people or goods from one place to another using a vehicle driven by humans or machines. The most common modes of transportation in Indonesia include flights and ferries for inter-island transportation services, and various types of road vehicles for land transportation such as buses, trains, taxis and motorcycle taxis ("Ojek").

Trains are only limited to Java, Sumatra and Sulawesi, but will be widely available in the future. Flights, ferries, buses, taxis and motorbike taxis including the Go-Jek and Grab application services are present on almost all islands in Indonesia.

Dlium Transportation in Indonesia


Indonesia is an archipelagic country and water transportation is an important means of connecting many places. Many ships are used including various types of ferries, passenger ships, and small motorized vessels. The ferry serves the adjacent island strait route.

Ferries are operated 24 hours per day at busy crossings such as Sumatra, Java and Bali. Some international ferries also serve the Malacca Strait between Sumatra, Malaysia, Singapore, and small Indonesian islands such as Batam.

Some networks also serve longer sea connections to remote islands, especially in eastern Indonesia. PT Pelni is a state-owned service company serving the route on a schedule every two to four weeks. Other private vessels also serve on various other routes.

Some of the busy sea ports are Medan, Cilacap, Jakarta, Kupang, Palembang, Semarang, Surabaya, Makassar, Manado, Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Samarinda, Ambon, Sorong, Manokwari, Jayapura and Merauke.

The river is the key to transportation in several forested areas. Long boats go along rivers and efficient ways to reach many places in Kalimantan, Sumatra and Papua. Indonesia has 21,579 km of river transportation lines, about half of which are in Kalimantan and one quarter each in Sumatra and Papua.


Bus and taxi

Bus services are found in many areas which are contacted by highways, especially in Sumatra, Java, and Bali. In smaller areas many highway transportation is served by minibuses or small vans. Many cities have taxi and motorcycle taxi services. Indonesia has around 200,000 km of paved roads.


Indonesia has 6,458 km of active railroad tracks and is only available in Java, North Sumatra and Sulawesi for now. Trains in Indonesia are operated by PT KA, a state-owned company. The main cities traversed by railroad tracks are Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Semarang, Surabaya, Makassar and Parepare.

Air Transport

The country has international and local airports for a total of more than 500 spots. The main cities for flights are Jakarta, Medan, Yogyakarta, Surabaya, Denpasar, Makassar, Kupang, Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Samarinda, Ambon, Manado, Sorong, Manokwari, Jayapura and Merauke.

Airlines serve local routes in Indonesia including Garuda Indonesia, Citilink Airlines, Lion Air, Merpati Airlines, Batik Air, Wings Air, Sriwijaya Air, Batavia Air, Mandala Airlines, Kal Star Aviation, Susi Air, Tiger Air and Air Asia.



Guinea grass (Panicum maximum)

Guinea grass or buffalo grass or green panic ( Panicum maximum ) is a plant species in Poaceae, annual grasses, growing upright to form clumps, strong, cultivated in all tropical and subtropical regions for very high value as fodder. P. maximum reproduces in very large pols, fibrous roots penetrate into the soil, upright stems, green, 1-1.5 m tall and have smooth cavities for diameters up to 2.5 mm. Propagation is done vegetatively and generatively. Ribbon-shaped leaves with a pointed tip, very many, built in lines, green, 40-105 cm long, 10-30 mm wide, erect, branched, a white linear bone, often covered with a layer of white wax, rough surface by hair short, dense and spread. The flower grows at the end of a long and upright stalk, open with the main axis length to more than 25 cm and the length of the bunches down to 20 cm. Grains have a size of 3x4 mm and oval. Seeds have a length of 2.25-2.50 mm and each 1 kg contains 1.2 - 1.5 million seeds. Guinea grass has two varieties. P

Giant green leech (Raksasa hijau)

Lintah raksasa or giant green leech ( Raksasa hijau ) is a species of animal in Salifidae, large green leeches, carnivores, not hematophagic, can grow to lengths of more than 50 cm, the front is perfectly tubular, but it is getting bigger, wider and flat backward. R. hijau has a front end that ends with a white mouth and has a width equal to the diameter of the front end of the body. The rear end ends with the anus and has a width equal to the diameter of the rear end of the body. The upper surface is whole dark green or leafy green, looks shiny and has no other additional color features. The bottom surface is lighter or brownish green. The skin is wrinkled like tight, elastic joints that make it possible to lengthen the body. Giant green leech moves forward by extending the tip of the front of the body to keep the new location farther away and this movement is then followed by the middle body and gradually the rear where the body moves completely. R. hijau does not suck blo

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red