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Transportation in Indonesia

Transportation is the movement of people or goods from one place to another using a vehicle driven by humans or machines. The most common modes of transportation in Indonesia include flights and ferries for inter-island transportation services, and various types of road vehicles for land transportation such as buses, trains, taxis and motorcycle taxis ("Ojek").

Trains are only limited to Java, Sumatra and Sulawesi, but will be widely available in the future. Flights, ferries, buses, taxis and motorbike taxis including the Go-Jek and Grab application services are present on almost all islands in Indonesia.

Dlium Transportation in Indonesia


Indonesia is an archipelagic country and water transportation is an important means of connecting many places. Many ships are used including various types of ferries, passenger ships, and small motorized vessels. The ferry serves the adjacent island strait route.

Ferries are operated 24 hours per day at busy crossings such as Sumatra, Java and Bali. Some international ferries also serve the Malacca Strait between Sumatra, Malaysia, Singapore, and small Indonesian islands such as Batam.

Some networks also serve longer sea connections to remote islands, especially in eastern Indonesia. PT Pelni is a state-owned service company serving the route on a schedule every two to four weeks. Other private vessels also serve on various other routes.

Some of the busy sea ports are Medan, Cilacap, Jakarta, Kupang, Palembang, Semarang, Surabaya, Makassar, Manado, Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Samarinda, Ambon, Sorong, Manokwari, Jayapura and Merauke.

The river is the key to transportation in several forested areas. Long boats go along rivers and efficient ways to reach many places in Kalimantan, Sumatra and Papua. Indonesia has 21,579 km of river transportation lines, about half of which are in Kalimantan and one quarter each in Sumatra and Papua.


Bus and taxi

Bus services are found in many areas which are contacted by highways, especially in Sumatra, Java, and Bali. In smaller areas many highway transportation is served by minibuses or small vans. Many cities have taxi and motorcycle taxi services. Indonesia has around 200,000 km of paved roads.


Indonesia has 6,458 km of active railroad tracks and is only available in Java, North Sumatra and Sulawesi for now. Trains in Indonesia are operated by PT KA, a state-owned company. The main cities traversed by railroad tracks are Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Semarang, Surabaya, Makassar and Parepare.

Air Transport

The country has international and local airports for a total of more than 500 spots. The main cities for flights are Jakarta, Medan, Yogyakarta, Surabaya, Denpasar, Makassar, Kupang, Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Samarinda, Ambon, Manado, Sorong, Manokwari, Jayapura and Merauke.

Airlines serve local routes in Indonesia including Garuda Indonesia, Citilink Airlines, Lion Air, Merpati Airlines, Batik Air, Wings Air, Sriwijaya Air, Batavia Air, Mandala Airlines, Kal Star Aviation, Susi Air, Tiger Air and Air Asia.



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Lawe (Abroma augustum)

Lawe or devil's cotton ( Abroma augustum ) is a plant species in Malvaceae, a small tree or bush that is erect, up to 10 m tall but generally 2-3 m tall, stems and twigs covered with star hair that are sharp, brittle and cause skin itching, sometimes also with glandular hair. A. augustum has a single leaf, alternating, has a long stalk, a heart-shaped base, a pointed tip with a very variable base whose leaves near the base of the branch have a circular shape from the egg to the heart, 3-5 curves, diameter 20-37 cm, while the leaves near the tips of twigs have elongated shapes with smooth toothed edges. The flowers gather in cymes at the tips of the twigs or face leaves, 1-4 buds, 1-3 cm long stems and 6-8 mm bractea. Hanging flowers, 3-5 cm in diameter, 5 angles and 1-3.5 cm long stems. The petals have 5 leaves, share a deep, triangular, 15-20 mm long, 6 mm wide and greenish. The crown has 5 leaves, spoon-shaped, 2-3.5 cm long, 1 cm wide, dark purple or red or yellow, concave an

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red