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Gadis perindu (Sphagneticola calendulacea)

Gadis perindu (Sphagneticola calendulacea) is a species of flowering plants, spread using seeds, living near water in an open place, getting lots of sunlight, growing fast in the rainy season and strong in all weather conditions in tropical climates.

S. calendulacea is commonly found wild in Indonesia, especially in habitats around irrigation channels and rice fields that live together with grass. Plants grow wild and quickly spread during the rainy season on agricultural lands and farmers consider them weeds.

Dlium Gadis perindu (Sphagneticola calendulacea)

These wild grasses have fiber roots, green woody stems, grow to as high as 0.5 meters, green leaves and yellow flowers. The stem generally spreads sideways and grows on the ground, although some stalks go upwards.

The leaves grow along the stalk, green, the upper surface has hair and have wavy contours following the arterial lines. The tip of the leaf is pointed, the sides are jagged and has two wings on the left and right. The bottom surface is light green.

Flowers come from each end of the stem, the petals are green and face up. Compound crowns, usually composed of nine parts in a circular structure and bright yellow which are very striking among the surrounding grasses.



Compound pistils, stemmed and lined tightly to form a circle in the middle of the crown. Seeds spread using insects including butterflies, grasshoppers, ants, etc., although wind is also possible. The famous S. calendulacea produces wedelolactone and demethylwedelolactone.

Traditional Javanese medicine uses S. calendulacea to treat respiratory problems, headaches, toothache, bronchitis, menstrual disorders, hemorrhoids and hair fertilizers. Javanese traditionally consider these plant extracts from various types of solvents to have antioxidant and antibacterial activity.

Kingdom: Plantae
- : Angiosperms
- : Eudicots
- : Asterids
- : Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Heliantheae
Genus: Sphagneticola
Species: S. calendulacea

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