Skip to main content

Minnieroot (Ruellia tuberosa)

Kencana ungu or Pletesan or Minnieroot (Ruellia tuberosa) is an upright herb with a height of up to 1 meter and has many branches. Egg-shaped leaves with blunt edges, thin, flat surface, green, flat edges and pinnate bones.

R. tuberosa has 12 cm long leaves, 5 cm wide and 2.5 cm long stalks. The stem is a blunt quadrilateral, purplish green, covered with fine and short hair. Flowers have a diameter of 4-5 cm and a tube length of 5-6 cm.

Dlium Minnieroot (Ruellia tuberosa)

Thin crowns of light purple, semicircular, numbering five strands and fused to the bottom to form a tube. The withered flower crown will detach from the base of the flower. The pistil is purplish white, the head is flattened and the stalk is 3 cm long.

White stamens, numbering five with sari stems attached to the flower tube wall. The stem is 0.5-1 cm long. The anthers are white with a width of 1 mm and a length of 6 mm. White pollen, large amounts, rather sticky and pollination using insects.

The flower petals are green, number four, 3 cm long and continue to live until the fruit is ripe. Tubular fruit with tapered tip and 2-3 cm long. Young fruits are green, old are brown. If the ripe fruit is exposed to water it will erupt, detach and be thrown from the stalk. Seeds are round, flat and brown in color. Minnieroot uses taproots and tubers.



This plant contains active chemical compounds including alkaloids, triterpenoids, flavonoids, phenolics, saponins, coumarin and quinone dyes. Roots contain apigenin and luteolin. Seed oil contains myristic, capril and lauric acid.

Traditional treatment using R. tuberosa as an antidiabetic, antipyretic, analgesic, anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. The leaves are ground into pasta and used to treat wounds, itching, insect bites, venereal disease, wounds, tumors and rheumatic complaints.

Indonesian people use for medicine for diabetes, stone urine, wounds and rheumatism. In Sri Lanka to cure stomach ailments. Suriname uses as an anti-worm, joint and muscle pain, blood cleanser and whooping cough. Grenada for fever, colds and hypertension. Dominican Republic for boosters for men.

Kingdom: Plantae
- : Angiosperms
- : Eudicots
- : Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Genus: Ruellia
Species: R. tuberosa

Comments

Popular

Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles ( Amorphophallus muelleri ) is a plant species in Araceae, the petiole is a pseudo stem with a height of 40-180 cm, 1-5 cm in diameter, round, green or purple with irregular white spots, each branching point grows brown bulbil and yellow bulb. A. muelleri has all leaves or stems or stems that are light green to dark green or gray and has greenish-white patches, smooth or smooth surface. The leaves are elliptical in shape with pointed leaf tips, smooth and wavy surface. When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaves branching with 3 minor petioles. Young leaves have light purple or green edges and will end in yellow and 0.3-0.5 mm wide. The whole canopy is 50-150 cm wide. The stems grow above the tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and a height of 75-175 cm. Tubers have a brownish yellow or gray color on the outer surface and brownish yellow on the inside, are slightly oval in shape, fibrous roots, weigh 450-3350 grams, smooth tissue, 4-5 months of dormanc

Javan broadhead planarian (Bipalium javanum)

Cacing palu or Javan broadhead planarian ( Bipalium javanum ) is a species of animal in Geoplanidae, hermaphrodite, living on the ground, predators, often called only hammerhead or broadhead or shovel worms because of wide heads and simple copulatory organs. B. javanum has a slim stature, up to 20 cm long, up to 0.5 cm wide, head wide up to 1 cm or less, small neck, widening in the middle and the back end is rounded, all black and shiny. Javan broadhead planarians walk above ground level by raising their heads and actively looking left, right and looking up using strong neck muscles. Move swiftly, track meander, climb to get through all obstacles or make a new path if the obstacle is too high. Cacing palu track and prey on earthworms and mollusks. They use muscles and sticky secretions to attach themselves to prey to lock in. The head and ends of the body are wrapped around and continue to close the body to stop prey reactions. They produce tetrodotoxins which are very strong

Golden tortoise beetle (Charidotella sexpunctata)

Kepik emas or golden tortoise beetle ( Charidotella sexpunctata ) is a type of leaf beetle species in the Chrysomelidae family, up to 14mm long and bright golden in glass discs. These insects usually live on Ipomoea carnea trees that grow in environments close to water. C. sexpunctata takes refuge in a transparent disc consisting of three parts with four signs as fals legs, a pair of antennas and six legs. This beetle is able to change color if it feels threatened by flowing liquid between the cuticles and the glittering gold color turns into blood red or worn brown. Kepik emas usually lay eggs up to 20 items, white and attached to the branches or on the underside of the leaves. Yellowish or reddish brown larvae will appear from eggs that hatch within 5 to 10 days. Adults and larvae eat leaves which cause large holes. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Coleoptera Family: Chrysomelidae Subfamily: Cassidinae Tribe: Aspidimorphini Genus: Aspidimor