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Barong Temple

Candi Barong or Barong Temple is a Hindu site in on the Baturagung hills in the Kewu Plain in Candisari Village, Bokoharjo Sub-district, Prambanan District, Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia where decoration in the temple niches looks like a 'Barong' face. This temple is also called Sari Suragedug Temple as mentioned in the Ratu Baka (Queen Baka) Inscriptions (856 AD) and Pereng Inscriptions (863 AD).

The Queen Baka inscription tells of a king named Sri Kumbaja or Sri Kalasodbhava building three 'lingga' is Krttiwasalingga with Dewi Sri, Triyarbakalingga with Dewi Suralaksmi and Haralingga with Dewi Mahalaksmi.

Dlium Barong Temple

The Pereng inscription said in 784 Saka (860 AD) that Rakai Walaing Pu Kumbhayoni conferred rice fields and two hills at Tamwahurang for the maintenance of the Syiwa sacred building called Bhadraloka. The experts argue that Sri Kumbaja or Sri Kalasodbhava is Pu Kumbhayani and the Shiva building in question is the Barong Temple.

Unlike the other temples in Yogyakarta and Central Java, Barong Temple is a punden structure with terraces like the structure of a sacred building in pre-Hindu. This temple consists of three-tiered terraces and increasingly up and down narrower.

The area of the first terrace is 90 x 63 square meters and the second terrace is 50 x 50 square meters. The location of the stairs rises from the terrace to the terrace showing this Hindu temple facing west. In the middle of the west side it has stairs going up from the first terrace to the second terrace 4 meters high and 3 meters wide.



The third terrace measuring 25 x 38 square meters is located at 5 meters from the surface of the second terrace and is reached via a 3.2 meter wide staircase. This ladder is equipped with side and left decoration. The base of the staircase has a decoration resembling 'ukel' which is not clear in shape.

On the left and right of the stair wall, there are decorations of kalpataru leaves which have been partially damaged. At the top of the stairs is a roofed gate leading to the third terrace court. Above the threshold of the gate is the decoration of Kalamakara. The porch walls are given reinforcements in the form of andesite stone blocks which are refined with a layer of white stone on the surface.

The temple's porch walls look plain without decoration, but approaching the southern end of the western wall of the third terrace has a niche whose function is not yet clear. In the courtyard of the top terrace as the sanctum has two buildings lined north-south and each has a base area of 8x8 meters.



The first building on the south end and the second building in the middle of the courtyard face the stairs. At the north end has ruins of an undeveloped building. The two buildings do not have a door to the temple, although the results of the study estimate a cavity inside the structure.

The niches that exist today are empty and the statue has disappeared, although it is said that at the time of restoration at least three goddess statues and four statues of gods were characterized by Shivaistic. Above the threshold of the niche has a kalamakara decoration complete with a very simple lower jaw.

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