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Flame lily (Gloriosa superba)

Sungsang or flame lily (Gloriosa superba) is one of the plant species in Liliaceae, grows up to 2 meters high in shrubs, teak forests, bamboo trees at an altitude of up to 2500 meters above sea level, but is widely used as an ornamental plant due to bright flower colors and distinctive shape.

G. superba is an annual herbaceous plant, growing with tuberous rhizomes, climbing using tendrils with stems up to 4 meters long. Leaves alternating, lanceolate with stretched ends and 13-20 cm long.

Dlium Flame lily (Gloriosa superba)

Sungsang has a corrugated flower tent, the upper part is red and the base is greenish yellow, has six corrugated tents and each measures 5 - 7.6 cm. The fruit is a fleshy capsule, 6 - 12 cm long and contains red seeds. Pollination is usually by butterflies and birds.

All parts of this plant contain colchicine where the leaves and tubers are about 0.1 - 0.8%, while those in the seeds are around 1.32%. Colchicine is a toxic and carcinogenic alkaloid compound that is soluble in water, alcohol and chloroform.

Giving colchicine to cells that are actively dividing will prevent the formation of spindle threads. Colchicine is able to bind to the main constituent proteins of microtubules, binding of microtubule proteins inhibits the process of chromosome transfer which prevents metaphase from anaphase and causes chromosome doubling without cytokinesis.

Today the flame lily has been widely cultivated for commercial purposes. Colchicine has been used effectively in the treatment of acute gout, intestinal worms, bruises, infertility and skin problems. It has also been used to remove thorns, nails, and skin parasites, antidotes to snake bites, laxatives and abortions.

Colchicine alkaloids have also been shown to be useful in the treatment of chronic ulcers, arthritis, cholera, abdominal pain, kidney problems, and typhus. Colchicine is widely used as an experimental tool in the study of cell division to inhibit mitosis, induce polyploidy and cancer treatment.

G. superba also contains gloriocine alkaloids which will experience nausea, vomiting, numbness and tingling around the mouth, burning in the throat, abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea which causes dehydration to death. Long-term effects will include exfoliation and prolonged vaginal bleeding.

Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Colchicaceae
Genus: Gloriosa
Species: G. superba



God is tools

OPINION - God and spirit are controversial discussions in science and even mythology will have no place among naturalists and for Darwinians. Apparently this has been final that mythology is a delusional, mystical and superstitious concept that cannot be empirically proven in the world of science.

Most scientists and science activists have agreed that god is nonsense, delusional and cannot be accommodated in the theory of evolution. This opinion can be understood methodologically and I agree with the sentences. But so many behaviors are very real and occur in the field.

I am a fieldman who goes to the wild every day, along rice fields and forests to watch insects to plants, talk to people especially in villages, visit Hindu-Buddhist temples built in the 8th century, witnessing busyness in mosques, temples and churches.

I feel something is missing in the view of naturalists and Darwinians. There are short moments that are missed in analyzes in the timeline of human evolution. These lit…

Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a plant species in Araceae, the leaves are pseudo stems with a height of 40-180 cm and a diameter of 1-5 cm, tubular, green with irregular white patches, each branching point grows bulbil colored brown and yellow tubers.

A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.

When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

Stems grow on tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and height 75-175 cm. The color of the tuber is brownish or beige on the outer surface and brownish on the inside, rather oval and stringy roots, weight 450-3350 grams, fine tissue, 4-5 months dormant period and 35-55% glucomannan content.

Javanese grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis)

Wooden grasshoppers or wooden walang or Javanese grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis) are grasshopper species in Acrididae and have around 18 subspecies, most of which are endemic to various island groups in Indonesia. This insect has a very broad sexual dimorphism where males have a length of 45-55 millimeters and females 15-75 mm.

V. nigricornis is yellowish brown or yellowish or green with bluish black marks. The back wing is rose red when flying. The nymphs are pale green and dark. They live in forests, bushes and really like the leaves of the giant sensitive plant (Mimosa diplotricha) and giant sensitive tree (Mimosa pigra).

Javanese grasshopper has one generation every year where four eggs are placed on moist soil in forest clearing. The eggs are not active throughout the dry season and it takes six to eight months to hatch.

The eggs hatch into nymphs and pass seven instar stages before becoming winged adults. Wood grasshoppers are solitary insects and do not form flocks, but outbre…