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Teak (Tectona grandis)

Jati or teak (Tectona grandis) is a plant species in the Lamiaceae, a large tree producing high-quality and luxurious wood, straight trunk, up to 40 m high, large leaves, slow growth with low germination making natural propagation difficult and insufficient to meet demand market.

T. grandis grows in deciduous forests that lose their leaves in the dry season, stems are cylindrical, straight, up to 40 m high, 2.4 m in diameter, 18-20 m clear bole and the bark is yellowish brown.

Dlium Teak (Tectona grandis)

The leaves are ovate, opposite, very short stalks, fine hairs and glandular hairs on the underside. The leaves on the tree shoots are 60-70 cm wide, 80-100 cm long and reddish green in color. The leaves on an old tree are 15 cm wide and 20 cm long.

Compound inflorescences in large panicles, 40x40 cm, containing hundreds of flowers arranged like umbrellas, located at the tip of the twig at the top of the tree. Flowers have 6-7 corolla, whitish in color and 8 mm wide.

The fruit is round, slightly flattened, 2.5 cm, coarse hair with a thick core, 2-4 seeds but generally only one grows. The fruit is covered by enlarged flower petals that inflate like small balloons.

Teak can grow in areas with rainfall 1500-2000 mm / year, temperature 27-36C, pH 6-8, contains lots of calcium and phosphorus, is not stagnant water and lots of sunshine throughout the year, the ideal elevation is 0-700 meters.

Teak is a pioneer species that is fire-resistant and damage to the teak seed shell makes it easier for shoots to come out when the rainy season arrives. Wood has strength class II, durability class I-II and is resistant to termite attacks. The wood of the patio has a light brown to reddish brown color. The sapwood is white and yellowish gray.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Tectona
Species: Tectona grandis



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Sengiran (Pittosporum moluccanum)

Sengiran ( Pittosporum moluccanum ) is a species of plant in the Pittosporaceae, small tree, up to 7 meters high, green leaves, elliptical to narrow elliptical, up to 17 cm long, up to 6 cm wide, sharp tip, narrow base and 1-1.5 cm long stalk. P. moluccanum has an inflorescence which is a collection of flowers. The fruit is red, capsule-shaped, elongated oval, sharp tip, 2 broken valves containing small and red seeds. This species grows in forests, plantations, roadsides, open or shaded areas. Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Tracheophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Apiales Family: Pittosporaceae Genus: Pittosporum Species: Pittosporum moluccanum

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)

Tebu or sugarcane ( Saccharum officinarum ) is a plant species in Poaceae, a large grass that grows strong, a sturdy stalk, rich in sucrose as a simple sugar that accumulates in the stem segment and is widely cultivated in the tropics for the production of sugar, ethanol and others. S. officinarum has tall and broad stems, has no branches, grows upright, 3-5 meters high or more, has a waxy coating that is grayish white, especially on young stems. Each segment has a border where the leaves grow and has a bud which is commonly called the "budding eye". Incomplete leaves consisting only of strands and midribs, sitting at the base of the segment, long strands of 1-2 meters long, 4-7 cm wide and pointed end. The midrib grows elongated and covers the vertebrae, attached to the stem in an intermittent sitting position and protects the buds. Root fibers grow at the base of the stem, 0.5-1 meters long and only the tips of young roots have hairs to absorb nutrients. Sugarcane grows