Skip to main content

Talok (Muntingia calabura)

Talok or kersen or calabur tree (Muntingia calabura L.) is a tree species in Muntingiaceae, producing small, sweet, bright green and red fruits. These shrubs generally grow only 3-6 m tall, enduring green, continue to flower and bear fruit throughout the year.

M. calabura has horizontal branches, hanging at the ends and forming a shady shade. Twigs and leaves have fine hair mixed with glandular hair. The leaves are flat, alternating in asymmetrical strands, round lanceolate eggs, jagged and pointed edges, measuring 1-4x4-14 cm, dense gray haired underside and short stem. Tapering leaves in the form of threads, the longer they dry and fall out, while in other parts rudimentary.

Dlium Talok (Muntingia calabura)

Talok flowers appear among the leaves in a file containing up to 5 buds on the armpit above the growing leaves, long-stemmed, twins and five, petals sharing in, tapered tangle shaped thread and fine hair. Flat crown, round egg upside down, white thin, bald and 1 cm in diameter.

Stamen amounts to 10 to more than 100 strands. The blooming flower protrudes outward, above the leaves, but after becoming a fruit it hangs down and is hidden under the leaf blade. Generally only one or two flowers become fruit in each file.

Kersen fruit is long stem, almost perfect round, 1 cm to 1.5 cm in diameter, green, yellow and finally red, crowned with the rest of the stigma that does not fall like a five-pointed black star. Contains thousands of seeds, smooth, yellowish white, immersed in meat and has very sweet juices.

In every 100 grams the calabur tree fruit contains water (77.8 g), protein (0.324 g), fat (1.56 g), fiber (4.6 g), calcium (124.6 mg), phosphorus (84,0 mg), iron (1.18 mg), carotene (0.019 mg), vitamin B1 (Thiamine) (0.065 mg), riboflavin (0.037 mg), niacin (0.554 mg), and vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid or antioxidants ) (80.5 mg).

Talok fruit is traditionally used for antiseptics, antispasmodics, relieves headaches, alleviates early symptoms of flu and colds, anti-inflammation, treats gout, cures diabetes, relieves flu symptoms, overcomes seizures in the digestive tract due to gastritis and diarrhea, lowers high blood pressure, reduce cholesterol levels in the blood, anti-tumor and restore the natural moisture of the skin.



The M. calabura fruit is preferred mainly by children, birds and bats. School children often climb trees, leaving traces of broken branches and peeled bark. This fruit is also processed for jam ingredients. Usually this tree is used as a shade for farmers to rest in the middle of rice fields.

Soft and easy to dry kersen wood, very useful as firewood. Easy to peel bark for straps and sanitary cloth. Leaves are brewed like tea. Fruit-eating birds often visit this tree to eat sweet fruit. Various types of fruit-eating bats come at night for the same purpose.

Calabur tree seeds are not digested by birds and bats, they are seed spreaders. Small trees often grow as wild seedlings on the curb, gutters or appear in the middle of cracks in floor or fence walls and eventually grow quickly into shade trees.

Kersen trees are often found in crowded cities, on the edge of sidewalks and parking lots, on the banks of rivers and places that are usually prolonged dry. This plant is one of the most pioneering plants found in human habitation in the tropics.

Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Muntingiaceae
Genus: Muntingia
Species: M. calabura

Comments

Popular

God is tools

OPINION - God and spirit are controversial discussions in science and even mythology will have no place among naturalists and for Darwinians. Apparently this has been final that mythology is a delusional, mystical and superstitious concept that cannot be empirically proven in the world of science.

Most scientists and science activists have agreed that god is nonsense, delusional and cannot be accommodated in the theory of evolution. This opinion can be understood methodologically and I agree with the sentences. But so many behaviors are very real and occur in the field.


I am a fieldman who goes to the wild every day, along rice fields and forests to watch insects to plants, talk to people especially in villages, visit Hindu-Buddhist temples built in the 8th century, witnessing busyness in mosques, temples and churches.

I feel something is missing in the view of naturalists and Darwinians. There are short moments that are missed in analyzes in the timeline of human evolution. These lit…

Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a plant species in Araceae, the leaves are pseudo stems with a height of 40-180 cm and a diameter of 1-5 cm, tubular, green with irregular white patches, each branching point grows bulbil colored brown and yellow tubers.

A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.


When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

Stems grow on tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and height 75-175 cm. The color of the tuber is brownish or beige on the outer surface and brownish on the inside, rather oval and stringy roots, weight 450-3350 grams, fine tissue, 4-5 months dormant period and 35-55% glucomannan content.

Javanese grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis)

Wooden grasshoppers or wooden walang or Javanese grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis) are grasshopper species in Acrididae and have around 18 subspecies, most of which are endemic to various island groups in Indonesia. This insect has a very broad sexual dimorphism where males have a length of 45-55 millimeters and females 15-75 mm.

V. nigricornis is yellowish brown or yellowish or green with bluish black marks. The back wing is rose red when flying. The nymphs are pale green and dark. They live in forests, bushes and really like the leaves of the giant sensitive plant (Mimosa diplotricha) and giant sensitive tree (Mimosa pigra).


Javanese grasshopper has one generation every year where four eggs are placed on moist soil in forest clearing. The eggs are not active throughout the dry season and it takes six to eight months to hatch.

The eggs hatch into nymphs and pass seven instar stages before becoming winged adults. Wood grasshoppers are solitary insects and do not form flocks, but outbre…