Skip to main content

Talok (Muntingia calabura)

Talok or kersen or calabur tree (Muntingia calabura L.) is a tree species in Muntingiaceae, producing small, sweet, bright green and red fruits. These shrubs generally grow only 3-6 m tall, enduring green, continue to flower and bear fruit throughout the year.

M. calabura has horizontal branches, hanging at the ends and forming a shady shade. Twigs and leaves have fine hair mixed with glandular hair. The leaves are flat, alternating in asymmetrical strands, round lanceolate eggs, jagged and pointed edges, measuring 1-4x4-14 cm, dense gray haired underside and short stem. Tapering leaves in the form of threads, the longer they dry and fall out, while in other parts rudimentary.

Dlium Talok (Muntingia calabura)

Talok flowers appear among the leaves in a file containing up to 5 buds on the armpit above the growing leaves, long-stemmed, twins and five, petals sharing in, tapered tangle shaped thread and fine hair. Flat crown, round egg upside down, white thin, bald and 1 cm in diameter.

Stamen amounts to 10 to more than 100 strands. The blooming flower protrudes outward, above the leaves, but after becoming a fruit it hangs down and is hidden under the leaf blade. Generally only one or two flowers become fruit in each file.

Kersen fruit is long stem, almost perfect round, 1 cm to 1.5 cm in diameter, green, yellow and finally red, crowned with the rest of the stigma that does not fall like a five-pointed black star. Contains thousands of seeds, smooth, yellowish white, immersed in meat and has very sweet juices.

In every 100 grams the calabur tree fruit contains water (77.8 g), protein (0.324 g), fat (1.56 g), fiber (4.6 g), calcium (124.6 mg), phosphorus (84,0 mg), iron (1.18 mg), carotene (0.019 mg), vitamin B1 (Thiamine) (0.065 mg), riboflavin (0.037 mg), niacin (0.554 mg), and vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid or antioxidants ) (80.5 mg).

Talok fruit is traditionally used for antiseptics, antispasmodics, relieves headaches, alleviates early symptoms of flu and colds, anti-inflammation, treats gout, cures diabetes, relieves flu symptoms, overcomes seizures in the digestive tract due to gastritis and diarrhea, lowers high blood pressure, reduce cholesterol levels in the blood, anti-tumor and restore the natural moisture of the skin.



The M. calabura fruit is preferred mainly by children, birds and bats. School children often climb trees, leaving traces of broken branches and peeled bark. This fruit is also processed for jam ingredients. Usually this tree is used as a shade for farmers to rest in the middle of rice fields.

Soft and easy to dry kersen wood, very useful as firewood. Easy to peel bark for straps and sanitary cloth. Leaves are brewed like tea. Fruit-eating birds often visit this tree to eat sweet fruit. Various types of fruit-eating bats come at night for the same purpose.

Calabur tree seeds are not digested by birds and bats, they are seed spreaders. Small trees often grow as wild seedlings on the curb, gutters or appear in the middle of cracks in floor or fence walls and eventually grow quickly into shade trees.

Kersen trees are often found in crowded cities, on the edge of sidewalks and parking lots, on the banks of rivers and places that are usually prolonged dry. This plant is one of the most pioneering plants found in human habitation in the tropics.

Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Muntingiaceae
Genus: Muntingia
Species: M. calabura

Comments

Popular

Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles ( Amorphophallus muelleri ) is a plant species in Araceae, the petiole is a pseudo stem with a height of 40-180 cm, 1-5 cm in diameter, round, green or purple with irregular white spots, each branching point grows brown bulbil and yellow bulb. A. muelleri has all leaves or stems or stems that are light green to dark green or gray and has greenish-white patches, smooth or smooth surface. The leaves are elliptical in shape with pointed leaf tips, smooth and wavy surface. When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaves branching with 3 minor petioles. Young leaves have light purple or green edges and will end in yellow and 0.3-0.5 mm wide. The whole canopy is 50-150 cm wide. The stems grow above the tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and a height of 75-175 cm. Tubers have a brownish yellow or gray color on the outer surface and brownish yellow on the inside, are slightly oval in shape, fibrous roots, weigh 450-3350 grams, smooth tissue, 4-5 months of dormanc

Javan broadhead planarian (Bipalium javanum)

Cacing palu or Javan broadhead planarian ( Bipalium javanum ) is a species of animal in Geoplanidae, hermaphrodite, living on the ground, predators, often called only hammerhead or broadhead or shovel worms because of wide heads and simple copulatory organs. B. javanum has a slim stature, up to 20 cm long, up to 0.5 cm wide, head wide up to 1 cm or less, small neck, widening in the middle and the back end is rounded, all black and shiny. Javan broadhead planarians walk above ground level by raising their heads and actively looking left, right and looking up using strong neck muscles. Move swiftly, track meander, climb to get through all obstacles or make a new path if the obstacle is too high. Cacing palu track and prey on earthworms and mollusks. They use muscles and sticky secretions to attach themselves to prey to lock in. The head and ends of the body are wrapped around and continue to close the body to stop prey reactions. They produce tetrodotoxins which are very strong

Golden tortoise beetle (Charidotella sexpunctata)

Kepik emas or golden tortoise beetle ( Charidotella sexpunctata ) is a type of leaf beetle species in the Chrysomelidae family, up to 14mm long and bright golden in glass discs. These insects usually live on Ipomoea carnea trees that grow in environments close to water. C. sexpunctata takes refuge in a transparent disc consisting of three parts with four signs as fals legs, a pair of antennas and six legs. This beetle is able to change color if it feels threatened by flowing liquid between the cuticles and the glittering gold color turns into blood red or worn brown. Kepik emas usually lay eggs up to 20 items, white and attached to the branches or on the underside of the leaves. Yellowish or reddish brown larvae will appear from eggs that hatch within 5 to 10 days. Adults and larvae eat leaves which cause large holes. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Coleoptera Family: Chrysomelidae Subfamily: Cassidinae Tribe: Aspidimorphini Genus: Aspidimor