Skip to main content

Frangipani (Plumeria rubra)

Kemboja or semboja or Bali flower or temple tree or frangipani (Plumeria rubra) are deciduous plant species that grow as a spread tree, 7-8 m high and widen with flowers throughout the year in a tropical climate and very fragrant. Frangipani is very popular for gardens, parks, temples, cemeteries, medication and fashion.

P. rubra has succulent and blunt stem branches like thick sausages that are covered with thin gray bark. The branches are brittle and when broken out emit white latex which irritates the skin and mucous membranes. Latex on the stem is toxic, but not deadly except for large quantities.

Dlium Frangipani (Plumeria rubra)

Green leaves are large for 30-50 cm long, alternately arranged and clustered at the end of the branch. The terminal flower appears at the end of the branch, 5-7.7 cm in diameter, has five petals and is very fragrant in the morning and evening.

The flower of this species has two colors depending on the cultivar is pink and white with shades of yellow in the middle. The seeds are contained in cylindrical pods, 17.5 cm long and dark green.

Kemboja in Bali are tucked into ears in ritual offerings to gods or as decorations for coffins on Java. The leaves of this species are used in wound care and soothing infusions. Flowers and bark are used to treat fever, bacillary dysentery, pertussis and so on.

Bali flower has fulvoplumierin or an antibiotic that inhibits the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Plants are also shown to be antifungal, antiviral, analgesic, antispasmodic, and hypoglycemic. P. rubra also contains agoniadin, plumierid, plumeric acid, cerotinic acid, and lupeol. The stem has an alkaloid called triterpinoid.









Temple trees are also known to improve digestion, excretion, respiratory and immune function. Sap is used as a laxative, a remedy for bloating and abdominal pain. Flowers are boiled in water as salads to increase bowel movements, urine flow, control gas and phlegm. Also to treat asthma.

In Cambodia, use this flower for neck decoration in temples. Pacific islands also use decorations on the neck for welcoming guests at parties and dances. Flowers are also used to make perfume and scent coconut oil.

Plumeria has at least more than 20 species, but many say only two genuine species are Plumeria rubra and Plumeria obtusa, while the other species are hybrids of both or with other genera. Some other scientists say three and four species are genuine.

Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Plumeria
Species: P. rubra

Comments

Popular

Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Bush sorrel (Hibiscus surattensis)

Bush sorrel ( Hibiscus surattensis ) is a plant species in Malvaceae, annual shrub, crawling on the surface or climbing, up to 3 meters long, thorny stems, green leaves, yellow trumpet flowers, grows wild in forests and canal edges, widely used for vegetables and treatment. H. surattensis has stems with spines and hairs, branching and reddish green. Petiole emerges from the stem with a straight edge to the side, up to 11 cm long, sturdy, thorny, hairy and reddish green. The leaves have a length of 10 cm, width of 10 cm, 3-5 lobed, each has a bone in the middle with several pinnate veins, sharp tip, sharp and jagged edges, wavy, stiff, green surface. Flowers up to 10 cm long, trumpet-shaped, yellow with a purple or brown or red center, solitary, axillary. Epicalyx has forked bracts, linear inner branches, spathulate outer branches. Stalks up to 6-7 cm. The seeds have a length of 3-3.5 mm and a width of 2.5 mm. Bush sorrels grow in pastures, marshes, abandoned fields and plantations,

Lawe (Abroma augustum)

Lawe or devil's cotton ( Abroma augustum ) is a plant species in Malvaceae, a small tree or bush that is erect, up to 10 m tall but generally 2-3 m tall, stems and twigs covered with star hair that are sharp, brittle and cause skin itching, sometimes also with glandular hair. A. augustum has a single leaf, alternating, has a long stalk, a heart-shaped base, a pointed tip with a very variable base whose leaves near the base of the branch have a circular shape from the egg to the heart, 3-5 curves, diameter 20-37 cm, while the leaves near the tips of twigs have elongated shapes with smooth toothed edges. The flowers gather in cymes at the tips of the twigs or face leaves, 1-4 buds, 1-3 cm long stems and 6-8 mm bractea. Hanging flowers, 3-5 cm in diameter, 5 angles and 1-3.5 cm long stems. The petals have 5 leaves, share a deep, triangular, 15-20 mm long, 6 mm wide and greenish. The crown has 5 leaves, spoon-shaped, 2-3.5 cm long, 1 cm wide, dark purple or red or yellow, concave an