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Maned forest lizard (Bronchocela jubata)

Bunglon surai or maned forest lizard (Bronchocela jubata) is a species of tree lizard in Agamidae which also includes flying lizards (Draco Sp.) and sailfin lizards (Hydrosaurus Sp.). This species can change skin color, although not as striking as the color change in African chameleon species (Chamaeleonidae).

B. jubata has a total of about 55 cm with more than half the length is the tail. This lizard is easily recognizable by a row of saws or manes on the back neck. This saw consists of many flattened scales, long and tapered but rather soft. The head is layered with scales, angled and protruding. The eyes are surrounded by petals decorated with dark green spots.

Dlium Maned forest lizard (Bronchocela jubata)

The back are light green to yellowish green. When they feel in danger, the color turns yellowish brown or dull green. The lower part of the body is pale greenish yellow or whitish, the palms and feet are yellowish brown. The tail is light green with dark green streaks rather bluish and the tip becomes brown wood.

B. jubata generally lives in bushes and trees on the edge of forests, gardens or yards. This lizard often falls from the tree when chasing prey and immediately runs towards the nearest tree. They eat a variety of insects including butterflies, moths, dragonflies, mosquitoes, flies, and moths. This chameleon captures prey in silence between the leaves.

Bunglon surai lay eggs on fertile, sandy or bushy soil. Females dig the ground using a snout and incubate two eggs in sandy soil under a layer of litter which is buried by bushes in semi-open forests.

This lizard will change the color of the skin to the color of the surrounding environment when it feels threatened. Camouflage appears under the outer shell where nanocrystal substances change and space between them changes the way it reflects light.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Iguania
Family: Agamidae
Genus: Bronchocela
Species: B. jubata



Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a plant species in Araceae, the leaves are pseudo stems with a height of 40-180 cm and a diameter of 1-5 cm, tubular, green with irregular white patches, each branching point grows bulbil colored brown and yellow tubers.

A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.

When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

Stems grow on tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and height 75-175 cm. The color of the tuber is brownish or beige on the outer surface and brownish on the inside, rather oval and stringy roots, weight 450-3350 grams, fine tissue, 4-5 months dormant period and 35-55% glucomannan content.

God is tools

OPINION - God and spirit are controversial discussions in science and even mythology will have no place among naturalists and for Darwinians. Apparently this has been final that mythology is a delusional, mystical and superstitious concept that cannot be empirically proven in the world of science.

Most scientists and science activists have agreed that god is nonsense, delusional and cannot be accommodated in the theory of evolution. This opinion can be understood methodologically and I agree with the sentences. But so many behaviors are very real and occur in the field.

I am a fieldman who goes to the wild every day, along rice fields and forests to watch insects to plants, talk to people especially in villages, visit Hindu-Buddhist temples built in the 8th century, witnessing busyness in mosques, temples and churches.

I feel something is missing in the view of naturalists and Darwinians. There are short moments that are missed in analyzes in the timeline of human evolution. These lit…

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Wooden grasshoppers or wooden walang or Javanese grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis) are grasshopper species in Acrididae and have around 18 subspecies, most of which are endemic to various island groups in Indonesia. This insect has a very broad sexual dimorphism where males have a length of 45-55 millimeters and females 15-75 mm.

V. nigricornis is yellowish brown or yellowish or green with bluish black marks. The back wing is rose red when flying. The nymphs are pale green and dark. They live in forests, bushes and really like the leaves of the giant sensitive plant (Mimosa diplotricha) and giant sensitive tree (Mimosa pigra).

Javanese grasshopper has one generation every year where four eggs are placed on moist soil in forest clearing. The eggs are not active throughout the dry season and it takes six to eight months to hatch.

The eggs hatch into nymphs and pass seven instar stages before becoming winged adults. Wood grasshoppers are solitary insects and do not form flocks, but outbre…