Skip to main content

Moke

Moke is a typical beverage on Flores island made from Siwalan or lontar or Asian palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer) and enau or sugar palm (Arenga pinnata). These drinks have many titles including sopi and dewe, but the most familiar names and characteristics of the island are moke as a symbol of tradition, brotherhood and association for the local community.

Flores island in East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia, is very famous for Homo floresiensis on the Liang Bua site, beautiful nature, friendly people, unique cultural traditions and various garden produce including coffee, cloves and vanilla. In addition, people in Sikka District have a special ability to make traditional drinks.

Dlium Moke

Moke is a beverage with a high alcohol content and they make use of traditional methods that are passed down from generation to generation and are still carried out today. Making is done in gardens using earthenware for cooking. A bottle of moke takes 5 hours because it waits for droplets after droplets from a bamboo distillation device.

The best quality moke is only served on weekends and traditional events including weddings as a companion to the main dish and also served betel and areca nut which are consumed by women. Low quality moke can be found in stalls for IDR 20,000 a bottle.

People in Flores usually consume moke with a variety of snacks including sour fish, grilled fish, goat soup and grilled banana. Banquets are often done outside such as on the beach, in the yard and under the trees.

Dlium.com Moke

Making moke

Harvesting begins by storing flower water in the tree into a bamboo tube 15 cm in diameter and 1 meter in length. Flower selection is the most important process to be able to produce quality and quantity of water. Palm buds are opened using a knife carefully. Flowers are sliced about 0.5 cm and water is collected with bamboo.

Bamboo must be filled with betel lime or special leaves to prevent acidic water. Storage is carried out in the morning and evening because it has to climb a 19 meter tall tree. A 15-year-old trees produce 8-10 liters which have been collected for approximately one day. The water is then given onion and basil leaves to be ready to serve as a drink.

www.dlium.com Moke

Farmer treatment

Weasels will sow Asian palmyra palm and sugar palm seeds, while humans reap the rewards after becoming large. This animal takes and brings fruit to safe places for food. Palm seeds are left to fall to the ground and grow. The garden owner will not cut down and let the two trees grow naturally on dry land.

Farmers only clean around the trees once in the growing season and these trees continue to live wildly without fertilization and special treatment although they provide many benefits including water for moke, sopi and sugar ingredients.



Now moke is also used as one of the raw materials for fermentation of vegetable fertilizers and pesticides for cocoa and palm fiber to make brooms and roofs. Sugar palm fruit causes itching of the skin to dispel mouse pests that intend to attack rice plants.

Traditional farmers greatly value the sugar palm tree where the root system raises the surface of the soil to become fertile. This plant also prevents erosion if it floods during the rainy season. Both trees must not be disturbed at all by humans and the threat of destruction from outside parties is always monitored.

Comments

Popular

Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a plant species in Araceae, the leaves are pseudo stems with a height of 40-180 cm and a diameter of 1-5 cm, tubular, green with irregular white patches, each branching point grows bulbil colored brown and yellow tubers.

A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.


When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

Stems grow on tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and height 75-175 cm. The color of the tuber is brownish or beige on the outer surface and brownish on the inside, rather oval and stringy roots, weight 450-3350 grams, fine tissue, 4-5 months dormant period and 35-55% glucomannan content.

Anzac flower (Montanoa hibiscifolia)

Anzac flower (Montanoa hibiscifolia) is a plant species in Asteraceae, shrubs up to 6 meters high, rarely branched, terete stems with a soft sponge-like center, growing wild along forest boundaries, waterways and disturbed lands.

M. hibiscifolia has a row of leaves arranged opposite, stem length 1-17 cm, terete, has hair, length 9-42 cm, width 4-25 cm, base of round heart shape, irregular jagged, ciliated, has five to seven lobes, accumulating at the apex, the upper surface is dark green and the lower surface is pale green.



The flowers of the discs have 2-6 cm long stems, panicle cymose, many in the terminal and branching. The green crown turns yellow and 4 cm wide. Small achenes, 0.3-0.5 cm long, reddish brown, apex gland and four angles.

Anzac flower fills the savanna vegetation, river banks, ditches, rainforest edges, road sides, neglected and disturbed lands. Interesting white flowers and leaves are often used for living fences and ornamental plants.



Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheoph…

Cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans)

Drasena or cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans) is a species of flowering plant in Asparagaceae, a shrub that grows slowly, is very adaptive and inhabits in altitude regions of 600-2250 m, multistemmed at the base, up to 15 m high or higher with narrow, upright and slender crowns.

D. fragrans has a round stem with a diameter of up to 30 cm, young plants have a single stem and are not branched with a rosette of leaves to the ends, producing two or more new stems with subsequent flowering episodes.


Lanceolate leaves, 20-150 cm long, 2-12 cm wide, green overall or yellow vertical stripes follow the bone trench in the middle for some varieties, shiny, upright young leaves to spread and larger leaves droop due to weight.

The flowers in panicles are 15-160 cm long, individual flowers have a diameter of 2.5 cm with a six-lobed corolla, are pink and open white with the center having a red or purple line on each lobe for 7-12 mm, very fragrant and popular with pollinating insects.

The berries …