Skip to main content

Moke

Moke is a typical beverage on Flores island made from Siwalan or lontar or Asian palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer) and enau or sugar palm (Arenga pinnata). These drinks have many titles including sopi and dewe, but the most familiar names and characteristics of the island are moke as a symbol of tradition, brotherhood and association for the local community.

Flores island in East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia, is very famous for Homo floresiensis on the Liang Bua site, beautiful nature, friendly people, unique cultural traditions and various garden produce including coffee, cloves and vanilla. In addition, people in Sikka District have a special ability to make traditional drinks.

Dlium Moke

Moke is a beverage with a high alcohol content and they make use of traditional methods that are passed down from generation to generation and are still carried out today. Making is done in gardens using earthenware for cooking. A bottle of moke takes 5 hours because it waits for droplets after droplets from a bamboo distillation device.

The best quality moke is only served on weekends and traditional events including weddings as a companion to the main dish and also served betel and areca nut which are consumed by women. Low quality moke can be found in stalls for IDR 20,000 a bottle.

People in Flores usually consume moke with a variety of snacks including sour fish, grilled fish, goat soup and grilled banana. Banquets are often done outside such as on the beach, in the yard and under the trees.

Dlium.com Moke

Making moke

Harvesting begins by storing flower water in the tree into a bamboo tube 15 cm in diameter and 1 meter in length. Flower selection is the most important process to be able to produce quality and quantity of water. Palm buds are opened using a knife carefully. Flowers are sliced about 0.5 cm and water is collected with bamboo.

Bamboo must be filled with betel lime or special leaves to prevent acidic water. Storage is carried out in the morning and evening because it has to climb a 19 meter tall tree. A 15-year-old trees produce 8-10 liters which have been collected for approximately one day. The water is then given onion and basil leaves to be ready to serve as a drink.

www.dlium.com Moke

Farmer treatment

Weasels will sow Asian palmyra palm and sugar palm seeds, while humans reap the rewards after becoming large. This animal takes and brings fruit to safe places for food. Palm seeds are left to fall to the ground and grow. The garden owner will not cut down and let the two trees grow naturally on dry land.

Farmers only clean around the trees once in the growing season and these trees continue to live wildly without fertilization and special treatment although they provide many benefits including water for moke, sopi and sugar ingredients.



Now moke is also used as one of the raw materials for fermentation of vegetable fertilizers and pesticides for cocoa and palm fiber to make brooms and roofs. Sugar palm fruit causes itching of the skin to dispel mouse pests that intend to attack rice plants.

Traditional farmers greatly value the sugar palm tree where the root system raises the surface of the soil to become fertile. This plant also prevents erosion if it floods during the rainy season. Both trees must not be disturbed at all by humans and the threat of destruction from outside parties is always monitored.

Comments

Popular

Salak (Salacca zalacca)

Salak or snake fruit (Salacca zalacca) is a species of palm plant in Arecaceae, dioesis, shrubs and not trunked, has many thorns, many shoots, grows into dense and strong clumps, spreads below or above the ground, often branching and 10-15 cm diameter.

S. zalacca has compound leaves, pinnate and 3-7 m long. Petiole, midrib and sapling have many long thorns, thin spines and a blackish-gray color. Minor leaves have a lanceolate shape, a pointed tip, 8x85 cm and a white underside by a waxy coating.


The flowers in the cob are compound, appear in the armpit of the leaf, stem, initially covered by a sheath then dry and break down like fibers. Male flowers 50-100 cm long, 4-12 cylindrical items, 7-15 cm long, reddish in the armpits of tightly arranged scales. Female flowers 20-30 cm long, stemmed long and 1-3 items.

The fruit has scaly skin, is eaten and is known as a table fruit, triangular shaped rather rounded or inverted ovoid, pointed at the base and rounded at the tip, 2.5-10 cm long, w…

God is tools

God and spirit are controversial discussions in science and even mythology will have no place among naturalists and for Darwinians. Apparently this has been final that mythology is a delusional, mystical and superstitious concept that cannot be empirically proven in the world of science.

Most scientists and science activists have agreed that god is nonsense, delusional and cannot be accommodated in the theory of evolution. This opinion can be understood methodologically and I agree with the sentences. But so many behaviors are very real and occur in the field.


I am a fieldman who goes to the wild every day, along rice fields and forests to watch insects to plants, talk to people especially in villages, visit Hindu-Buddhist temples built in the 8th century, witnessing busyness in mosques, temples and churches.

I feel something is missing in the view of naturalists and Darwinians. There are short moments that are missed in analyzes in the timeline of human evolution. These little moment…

Devil's backbone (Euphorbia tithymaloides)

Pokok lipan or devil's-backbone or redbird flower or christmas candle or Pedilanthus tithymaloides (Euphorbia tithymaloides) are plant species in Euphorbiaceae, upright, evergreen, gummy shrubs, growing in tropical and subtropical regions.

E. tithymaloides likes sandy soils especially with high concentrations of boron, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum and zinc. This bush grows to 2.4 m high and 61 cm wide. Simple angiosperm leaves, arranged opposite to the stem where each leaf is sessile with a length of 3.6-7.6 cm.


The stem has the tip of a handle that supports a group of flowers that are not scented. Bifid crown and ovoid. The involucral bracts are bright red, irregular in shape and length from 1.1 to 1.3 mm.

Hairy male and female pedicels. Seed pods are 7.6 mm long, 8.9 mm wide and ovate with clipped ends. Devil's-backbone generally blooms in mid-spring in the subtropical region and in the dry season in the tropics. Pollination is carried out by ants and birds.

Redbird fl…

Barbados lily (Hippeastrum puniceum)

Barbados lily or amaryllis lily (Hippeastrum puniceum) is a species of perennial flowering plant in Amaryllidaceae, grows in the tropics, has 4-6 leaves, bright green, 30-60 cm long and 2.5-3 cm wide, white waxed, tubular and shrink at the ends.

H. puniceum has flowers that grow in the umbel at the end of the stalk which has a height of 40-60 cm and stands tall with a pointed tip at the top. The umbel has lanceolate green bracts at its base. Each stalk has one or two ovaries.


Orange-red petal with yellow or pale base. The two lower tepals are much narrower than lateral. About five white stamens emerge from the end of the tube in the middle of the crown.

A single flower will bloom to face north or south with a curved base where the horizontal flower faces are parallel to the ground, while the stems that have two flowers will bloom to face north and others to the south.

Wild barbados lilies grow in forests, yard, roadside and neglected lands. This plant likes sandy, gravel and rocky soil…

Temulawak (Curcuma zanthorrhiza)

Temulawak or Java ginger or Javanese ginger or Javanese turmeric or Curcuma xanthorrhiza (Curcuma zanthorrhiza) is a plant species in Zingiberaceae, grows well in loose soil in tropical forests in the lowlands to an altitude of 1500 meters above sea level and tubers are used for medicinal herbs and drinks.

C. zanthorrhiza has pseudo stems up to 2 m tall. The stem is a midrib of upright, overlapping leaves, green or dark brown in color. Rhizomes are perfectly formed, large, branched and reddish brown, dark yellow or dark green.


Each bud forms 2-9 leaves with a circular shape extending to lancet, green or light purple to dark brown, leaves 31-84 cm long and 10-18 cm wide, stems 43-80 cm long and each strand is connected with a midrib.

Flowers are dark yellow, uniquely shaped and clustered with lateral inflorescences. The stems and scales are in the form of lines, 9-23cm long and 4-6cm wide, having protectors with comparable crowns. Petals are white, hairy and 8-13mm long.

The crown is tu…