Skip to main content

Purwaceng (Pimpinella pruatjan)

Purwaceng or purwoceng or antanan gunung or Viagra of Java (Pimpinella pruatjan or Pimpinella priatjan) are small termas growing horizontally in Apiaceae, growing in villages on Dieng Plateau, Central Java Province, Indonesia, at 1,500 to 2,000 meters above sea level, the roots have medicinal properties for aphrodisiacs and are usually processed in powder form for a mixture of coffee or milk.

P. pruatjan grows flat on the ground but does not propagate, small leaves are reddish green for 1-3 cm in diameter. This plant is only found in Java and grows in high mountain areas. A low population where industrial demand is very high results in increasingly scarce.

Dlium Purwaceng (Pimpinella pruatjan)

Another place that is likely to become a purwaceng habitat is the Iyang Mountains and the Tengger Mountains in East Java Province. Efforts to multiply and cultivate have a big problem where these plants have difficulty producing seeds. In vitro propagation research through tissue cultivation has been carried out to overcome this problem.

Use

The aphrodisiac efficacy of purwaceng has been noted by courtiers in ancient Java, but scientific studies have begun in the present that the real effects of plant administration will increase sexual ability. Purwaceng is also often dubbed the "traditional Viagra" or "Viagra Indonesia".

All parts of the plant are used as traditional medicine, but the most important part is the roots that resemble carrots, white and 10 cm long. Generally aprosidiac plants contain derivative compounds including saponins, alkaloids, tannins, and other compounds that are efficacious as a stamina booster and improve blood circulation.

Purwaceng has a spicy taste produced by the roots and seeds. Steeping is usually taken regularly for 7-15 days where the plant is also efficacious to warm, nerves and muscles, eliminate colds and achy pains, facilitate urination, analgesic drugs, reduce heat, expel worms, antibacterial and anti-cancer.

Dlium.com Purwaceng (Pimpinella pruatjan)

Research

Research conducted by a number of researchers was published in the Germplasm Bulletin Vol. 12 No.1 of 2006 stating that P. pruatjan contains compounds that increase vitality. Sidik et al (1975) reported that purwaceng roots had bergapten, isobergapten and sphondin as furanokumarin groups.

Caropeboka and Lubis (1975) stated that purwaceng root contains coumarins, saponins, sterols, alkaloids and several oligosaccharide compounds. Hernani and Rostiana (2004) in their research stated that the chemical compounds identified qualitatively were bergapten, marmesin, kumarin hydroxy and others.

Caropeboka (1980) reported injections of root extract in neutered male rats had an increase in the prostate gland and seminal glands. Taufiqqurachman (1999) reported that 50 mg of root extract could increase levels of luteinising hormone (LH) and testosterone in Sprague Dawley mice.

Juniarto (2004) also provided purwaceng root extract in Sprague Dawley mice resulting in increased spermartogenesis in the testes, number and motility of spermatozoa.

www.dlium.com Purwaceng (Pimpinella pruatjan)

Cultivation

Thick and cold fog is a characteristic of the Dieng plateau and purwaceng is not widely cultivated massively like potatoes, because these plants are only harvested once a year. Unlike potatoes that harvest three times a year.

P. pruatjan is able to live at an altitude of 1,800-3,300 above sea level, but it is best to have an altitude of 2,000-3,000 masl, the temperature is around 15-20 C, humidity is 60-70% and soil pH is 5,7 to 6.

Harvesting is calculated based on the overall weight of the plant including roots, stems and leaves where all parts will be processed. Good harvest is a year old plant that produces 1 kg of weight consisting of 6-8 trees, but many also 1 kg consists of 30 trees.



P. priatjan as an endemic plant, but only as a side plant, although almost every citizen in Dieng grows between potatoes. They also plant in small quantities of pots or yards and are usually used for their own consumption.

Drip irrigation techniques in the greenhouse produce weight up to 500 grams at the age of 70 days, while outside the greenhouse is only 100 grams. Purwaceng biomass in the greenhouse is far more and heavier because the management of nutrition is more measurable. This is also to avoid the use of pesticides.

Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Pimpinella
Species: P. pruatjan

Comments

Popular

Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Lawe (Abroma augustum)

Lawe or devil's cotton ( Abroma augustum ) is a plant species in Malvaceae, a small tree or bush that is erect, up to 10 m tall but generally 2-3 m tall, stems and twigs covered with star hair that are sharp, brittle and cause skin itching, sometimes also with glandular hair. A. augustum has a single leaf, alternating, has a long stalk, a heart-shaped base, a pointed tip with a very variable base whose leaves near the base of the branch have a circular shape from the egg to the heart, 3-5 curves, diameter 20-37 cm, while the leaves near the tips of twigs have elongated shapes with smooth toothed edges. The flowers gather in cymes at the tips of the twigs or face leaves, 1-4 buds, 1-3 cm long stems and 6-8 mm bractea. Hanging flowers, 3-5 cm in diameter, 5 angles and 1-3.5 cm long stems. The petals have 5 leaves, share a deep, triangular, 15-20 mm long, 6 mm wide and greenish. The crown has 5 leaves, spoon-shaped, 2-3.5 cm long, 1 cm wide, dark purple or red or yellow, concave an

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red