Skip to main content

Sooty headed bulbul (Pycnonotus aurigaster)

Kutilang or sooty-headed bulbul (Pycnonotus aurigaster) is a species of chirping bird in Pycnonotidae and at least nine subspecies were recorded, often in groups when looking for food or perching with its own species or with other Pycnonotidae or even with other Passeriformes.

P. aurigaster has a medium size where the overall length is around 20 cm, the upper side of the back and tail is grayish brown, while the lower side of the throat, neck, chest and abdomen is grayish white. The head covering the forehead, hat and crest has a black color. The tail end is white and the buttock is orange. The iris is red, the beak is black and the legs are black.

Dlium Sooty headed bulbul (Pycnonotus aurigaster)

Sooty-headed bulbul often visits open places, roadsides, gardens, yards, bushes and secondary forests to an altitude of 1,600 m above sea level. Often found life in the park and the yard in urban areas.

Kutilang generally eats soft fruits which often angers farmers for punching holes in papaya and bananas ready to harvest in the garden. But this bird also benefits them because it preys on various insects, caterpillars and other plant pests.

This group often flies in a noisy voice, sounds "cuk, cuk, ... tuit, tuit!" They have the habit of sunbathing and showering dew every morning by perching on the canopy. The beak is always busy oiling the feathers and this oil comes from the back of the tail.



P. aurigaster has a habit of raising crests if they are happy and want to defecate. This bird will tend not to move much and not chirp when the old feathers fall out and change with new feathers. The nest has a cup shape from woven grass leaves, petioles and fine twigs. Two or three pinkish-gray and gray eggs are placed in April to September.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pycnonotidae
Genus: Pycnonotus
Species: P. aurigaster
Subspecies: Pycnonotus aurigaster aurigaster, Pycnonotus aurigaster chrysorrhoides, Pycnonotus aurigaster dolichurus, Pycnonotus aurigaster germani, Pycnonotus aurigaster klossi, Pycnonotus aurigaster latouchei, Pycnonotus aurigaster resurrectus, Pycnonotus aurigaster schauenseei, Pycnonotus aurigaster thais.

Comments

Popular

Salak (Salacca zalacca)

Salak or snake fruit ( Salacca zalacca ) is a species of palm plant in Arecaceae, dioesis, shrubs and not trunked, has many thorns, many shoots, grows into dense and strong clumps, spreads below or above the ground, often branching and 10-15 cm diameter. S. zalacca has compound leaves, pinnate and 3-7 m long. Petiole, midrib and sapling have many long thorns, thin spines and a blackish-gray color. Minor leaves have a lanceolate shape, a pointed tip, 8x85 cm and a white underside by a waxy coating. The flowers in the cob are compound, appear in the armpit of the leaf, stem, initially covered by a sheath then dry and break down like fibers. Male flowers 50-100 cm long, 4-12 cylindrical items, 7-15 cm long, reddish in the armpits of tightly arranged scales. Female flowers 20-30 cm long, stemmed long and 1-3 items. The fruit has scaly skin, is eaten and is known as a table fruit, triangular shaped rather rounded or inverted ovoid, pointed at the base and rounded at the tip, 2.5-10

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red

Guinea grass (Panicum maximum)

Guinea grass or buffalo grass or green panic ( Panicum maximum ) is a plant species in Poaceae, annual grasses, growing upright to form clumps, strong, cultivated in all tropical and subtropical regions for very high value as fodder. P. maximum reproduces in very large pols, fibrous roots penetrate into the soil, upright stems, green, 1-1.5 m tall and have smooth cavities for diameters up to 2.5 mm. Propagation is done vegetatively and generatively. Ribbon-shaped leaves with a pointed tip, very many, built in lines, green, 40-105 cm long, 10-30 mm wide, erect, branched, a white linear bone, often covered with a layer of white wax, rough surface by hair short, dense and spread. The flower grows at the end of a long and upright stalk, open with the main axis length to more than 25 cm and the length of the bunches down to 20 cm. Grains have a size of 3x4 mm and oval. Seeds have a length of 2.25-2.50 mm and each 1 kg contains 1.2 - 1.5 million seeds. Guinea grass has two varieties. P