Skip to main content

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)

Adas or fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a species of flowering plant in Apiaceae and has long been known as a seasoning, medicine and oil contained in seeds. This plant lives in the lowlands to an altitude of 1,800 meters above sea level.

F. vulgare has a sweet smell, 2 m tall, standing tall and bright green. Ribbon-shaped leaves, grow to 40 cm long with the last segment in the form of hair to a width of 0.5 mm.

Dlium Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)

Compound flower at the end of the stem, 5-15 cm in diameter and each panicle has 20-50 small yellow flowers on short pedicles. The fruit is a dry seed with a length of 4-9 mm and has a groove.

The leaves are eaten as a vegetable. Ripe and dried fruit powder is distilled to produce fennel oil with a sweet and bitter taste. Both are used in the medicine, seasoning, corrigentia saporis and herb fragrances.

A 100g of fennel fruits provides 1,440 kilojoules of energy and more than 19% of the DV protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins and several dietary minerals, especially calcium, iron, magnesium and manganese, all of which exceed 100% DV. Fennel fruits are 52% carbohydrates, 15% fat, 40% dietary fiber, 16% protein and 9% water.

The aromatic character of fennel fruits derives from volatile oils imparting mixed aromas, including trans-anethole and estragole (resembling liquorice), fenchone (mint and camphor), Limonene, 1-octen-3-ol (mushroom). Other phytochemicals found in fennel fruits include polyphenols, such as rosmarinic acid and luteolin, among others in minor content.



Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Foeniculum
Species: F. vulgare

Comments

Popular

Cotton stainer bugs (Dysdercus)

Cotton stainer bug ( Dysdercus ) is a genus in Pyrrhocoridae, the imago and nymph phases have black and red colors, three pairs of limbs of the same length and differ only in the size of the limbs of each segment, the limbs on the femur are slightly larger than the tarsus and tibia. Dysdercus has a mouth consisting of a rostum and a stylet. The rostume is located on the anterior part of the head, is elongated and segmented as a wrapper for the stylet. This sucker is formed by the food tract and salivary tract. The nymphs undergo several molting processes to become imago. The species in Dysdercus consume plant fluids wherein the nymphs perform in groups, whereas the imago does more individually. They trample the stems of plants regularly and form long rows. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Subphylum: Hexapoda Class: Insecta Subclass: Pterygota Order: Hemiptera Suborder: Heteroptera Infraorder: Pentatomomorpha Superfamily: Pyrrhocoroidea Family: Pyrrhocoridae Genus: Dysdercus

Salak (Salacca zalacca)

Salak or snake fruit ( Salacca zalacca ) is a species of palm plant in Arecaceae, dioesis, shrubs and not trunked, has many thorns, many shoots, grows into dense and strong clumps, spreads below or above the ground, often branching and 10-15 cm diameter. S. zalacca has compound leaves, pinnate and 3-7 m long. Petiole, midrib and sapling have many long thorns, thin spines and a blackish-gray color. Minor leaves have a lanceolate shape, a pointed tip, 8x85 cm and a white underside by a waxy coating. The flowers in the cob are compound, appear in the armpit of the leaf, stem, initially covered by a sheath then dry and break down like fibers. Male flowers 50-100 cm long, 4-12 cylindrical items, 7-15 cm long, reddish in the armpits of tightly arranged scales. Female flowers 20-30 cm long, stemmed long and 1-3 items. The fruit has scaly skin, is eaten and is known as a table fruit, triangular shaped rather rounded or inverted ovoid, pointed at the base and rounded at the tip, 2.5-10

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red