Skip to main content

Cempedak (Artocarpus integer)

Cempedak or small jackfruit or Artocarpus champeden (Artocarpus integer) is a plant in Moraceae, monoecious, has a fruit shape, taste and fragrance similar to jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) and often interbred naturally in nature, but has a smaller tree size, smaller fruit and bigger leaves.

A. integer is a tree that is always green, height can reach 20 m even though most are only a dozen meters. Branches and shoots have fine, stiff, brownish hair. Leaves thin, rather stiff, 2.5-5x5-25 cm, flat-edged, inverted ovate with base of peg-shaped to rounded and pointed tip.

Dlium Cempedak (Artocarpus integer)

Petiole has a length of 1-3 cm. The ovary leaves are elongated, tapered, hairy, fall off easily and leave a ring mark on the twigs. Flowers appear on the armpits of the leaves, on large branches, on the main stem and on special short leafy shoots.

Male flowers are hump shaped, 1x3-5.5 cm, pale or yellowish green and stalk length 3-6 cm. The female flower head is elongated, embedded 1.5 mm deep in the pivot shaft and the free part is about 3 mm.

Syncarp cylindrical to round, 10-15x20-35 cm, greenish or yellowish to brownish, pyramid-like protrusions of soft spines that are dense or smooth with patches of facet. The fruit is an enlarged and thickened flower, yellowish white to orange, sweet and fragrant, soft-textured, slimy and somewhat fibrous. Spherical or elongated seeds and 2-3 cm long.

Cempedak is often found in lowland rain forests, primary and secondary forests. It grows at an altitude of about 1000 m above sea level, like areas with an unseasonably dry season, land with shallow ground water surface and withstand occasional flooding.



Fruit is eaten fresh or processed. Sometimes the fruit and seeds are given flour, sugar and salt to be fried as a snack. Seeds are fried or boiled or baked to be eaten with a mixture of a little salt. Young fruit for vegetables.

Good quality wood, strong and durable, so it is often used as building wood, home furnishings, boat materials and dyes for yellow. Fibrous bark is used as a rope and sap to trap birds.

Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Artocarpus
Species: A. integer

Comments

Popular

Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles ( Amorphophallus muelleri ) is a plant species in Araceae, the petiole is a pseudo stem with a height of 40-180 cm, 1-5 cm in diameter, round, green or purple with irregular white spots, each branching point grows brown bulbil and yellow bulb. A. muelleri has all leaves or stems or stems that are light green to dark green or gray and has greenish-white patches, smooth or smooth surface. The leaves are elliptical in shape with pointed leaf tips, smooth and wavy surface. When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaves branching with 3 minor petioles. Young leaves have light purple or green edges and will end in yellow and 0.3-0.5 mm wide. The whole canopy is 50-150 cm wide. The stems grow above the tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and a height of 75-175 cm. Tubers have a brownish yellow or gray color on the outer surface and brownish yellow on the inside, are slightly oval in shape, fibrous roots, weigh 450-3350 grams, smooth tissue, 4-5 months of dormanc

Javanese grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis)

Wooden grasshopper or Javanese grasshopper ( Valanga nigricornis ) is an animal species of Acrididae, grasshoppers that have at least 18 subspecies, insects with very wide diversity in color and size, sexual dimorphism in which females are larger in size and paler in color. V. nigricornis in males has a length of 45-55 millimeters and females 15-75 mm. The head is square and green or yellow or brown or black in color. A pair of antennas has a black color. The eyes are large and gray or white or brownish. The hind legs are very large and have a green or yellow or brown or black color, plain or brindle. The limbs have two rows of large and long spines with black tips facing backward. The wings have a length exceeding the belly, a rough surface and are brown or green or yellow or black in color with pulse lines forming spaces filled with black color. The hind wings are rose red which will be visible when flying. Nymphs are pale green or yellow or brown or blackish in color. Javanese gr

Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica)

Alang-alang or cogon grass ( Imperata cylindrica ) is a plant species in Poaceae, annual grass, sharp leaf, long buds and scaly, creeping under the ground, very adaptive and grows in all climates which often become weeds on agricultural land. I. cylindrica has a sharp pointed tip of the bud and emerges from the ground, height of 0.2-1.5 m but in other places it may be more, short stems, rising up to the ground and flowering white or purplish, often with wreath of hair under the segment. Leaf strands in the form of long ribbons, lancet-tipped with a narrow base and gutter-shaped, 12-80 cm long, very coarse edge and jagged sharply, long hair at the base with broad, pale leaf bones in the middle. The flowers are panicles, 6-28 cm long with long-haired and white-colored ears for 1 cm which are used as a tool to blow off the fruit when ripe. Cogon grass breeds quickly with seeds that spread quickly with the wind or through rhizomes that quickly penetrate the soil. Alang-alang does