Skip to main content

Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)

Kembang sepatu or bunga raya or worawari or Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) is a species of shrub in Malvaceae, growing 2-5 m high and 1-3 m wide, having ovoid leaves, acute tips, jagged edges, shiny, and solitary. Widely planted as an ornamental plant in the tropics and subtropics, large flowers, red and odorless.

H. rosa-sinensis has a variety of cultivars and hybrids including single or double flowers that are white, yellow, orange and red. Flowers come all year long, large, conspicuous, trumpet-shaped, five petals with a diameter of 4-18 cm and anthers red orange.

Dlium Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)

Chinese hibiscus includes dicotyledonous, solitary, complete and perfect, has superior ovaries, regular symmetry and axillary placentation, 5 carpels, 5 loci, 5 sepals and varying amounts of stamens. The base of the flower is green petals and the pointed tip of the petals is sepals.

The male and female parts of the same flower. The five hairy red spots at the top of the flower are the stigmas in which pollen is collected. The ovary is located at the bottom of the flower. The male part consists of stem-like filaments and each filament ends with pollen-producing anther. Anthers sit on filaments and these two organs form hundreds of stamens.

This flower is used in hair care, shoe polish and can be used as a pH indicator where an acidic solution makes the flowers turn pink, dark or magenta. Flowers extracted for cosmetics, skin care and anti-solar agents.



Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Hibiscus
Species: H. rosa-sinensis

Comments

Popular

God is tools

OPINION - God and spirit are controversial discussions in science and even mythology will have no place among naturalists and for Darwinians. Apparently this has been final that mythology is a delusional, mystical and superstitious concept that cannot be empirically proven in the world of science.

Most scientists and science activists have agreed that god is nonsense, delusional and cannot be accommodated in the theory of evolution. This opinion can be understood methodologically and I agree with the sentences. But so many behaviors are very real and occur in the field.


I am a fieldman who goes to the wild every day, along rice fields and forests to watch insects to plants, talk to people especially in villages, visit Hindu-Buddhist temples built in the 8th century, witnessing busyness in mosques, temples and churches.

I feel something is missing in the view of naturalists and Darwinians. There are short moments that are missed in analyzes in the timeline of human evolution. These lit…

China rose (Rosa chinensis)

Mawar or Bengal rose or China rose (Rosa chinensis) is a plant species in Rosaceae, shrubs up to 1-2 m tall, growing on fences or forming bushes. Leaf pinnate, 3-5 leaflets, each 2.5-6 cm long and 1-3 cm wide. The plant has three varieties is R. chinensis var. chinensis, R. chinensis var. spontanea and R. chinensis var. semperflorens.

R. chinensis has pink, red and white petals. Solitary flowers, usually four or five bundles together and have a mild aroma. Hermaphrodite flowers have radial symmetry for diameters of 4-5 cm.


Strong branches, sturdy thorns decorate each path, young stems have dark green tree bark and woody old stems have purplish brown color. The leaves are arranged alternately from the petiole and downy. Leaf pinnate, ovoid with rounded base, tapered tip and sharp saw edge. The top leaves are dark green and shiny.

Various forms of mawar have been cultivated in the garden for a long time, many varieties of garden roses and hibidation as tea roses and so on hybrid tea rose…

Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a plant species in Araceae, the leaves are pseudo stems with a height of 40-180 cm and a diameter of 1-5 cm, tubular, green with irregular white patches, each branching point grows bulbil colored brown and yellow tubers.

A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.


When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

Stems grow on tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and height 75-175 cm. The color of the tuber is brownish or beige on the outer surface and brownish on the inside, rather oval and stringy roots, weight 450-3350 grams, fine tissue, 4-5 months dormant period and 35-55% glucomannan content.