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Lily turf (Ophiopogon caulescens)

Lily turf (Ophiopogon caulescens) is a plant species in Asparagaceae, perennial herb, rhizomatosa, suberect or prostrate stem, simple, elongated or short, leaving the basal or cauline, alternately, tufted or scattered, sessile or petiolate, linear to oblong, green and striped.

O. caulescens has a height of about 30 cm, linear leaves, widening to form shade, flat and long, narrow base, progressively wider and taper end, a bone moves linearly in the middle, green on the upper surface and silvery on bottom surface.

Dlium Lily turf (Ophiopogon caulescens)

Bisexual flowers in panicles, white, nodded and lined up on a black-green stalk. The flower has six tepals, six stamens, short filaments and basifixed anthers. The fruit is green and shows young seeds.

The original habitat of the tropics, altitude 0-1000 m, likes rather moist and shady soils, grows wild in primary forests, secondary forests, abandoned lands, roadsides and is widely used as an ornamental plant.

Lilyturf has a sweet, rather bitter taste and is cold. Tubers contain steroids saponins, ophiopogonin, isoflavonoids, S-glucose, 6-fructose, sucrose, inulin type fructane, β-sitosterol, β-sitosterol glucoside galactagogum and aphrodisiac.

Tubers are used to treat lung abscesses, dry cough, vomiting, fever and dry throat, difficulty defecating and urinating. Usually the tubers boiled to drink water.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Genus: Ophiopogon
Species: Ophiopogon caulescens



Cotton stainer bugs (Dysdercus)

Cotton stainer bug ( Dysdercus ) is a genus in Pyrrhocoridae, the imago and nymph phases have black and red colors, three pairs of limbs of the same length and differ only in the size of the limbs of each segment, the limbs on the femur are slightly larger than the tarsus and tibia. Dysdercus has a mouth consisting of a rostum and a stylet. The rostume is located on the anterior part of the head, is elongated and segmented as a wrapper for the stylet. This sucker is formed by the food tract and salivary tract. The nymphs undergo several molting processes to become imago. The species in Dysdercus consume plant fluids wherein the nymphs perform in groups, whereas the imago does more individually. They trample the stems of plants regularly and form long rows. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Subphylum: Hexapoda Class: Insecta Subclass: Pterygota Order: Hemiptera Suborder: Heteroptera Infraorder: Pentatomomorpha Superfamily: Pyrrhocoroidea Family: Pyrrhocoridae Genus: Dysdercus

Salak (Salacca zalacca)

Salak or snake fruit ( Salacca zalacca ) is a species of palm plant in Arecaceae, dioesis, shrubs and not trunked, has many thorns, many shoots, grows into dense and strong clumps, spreads below or above the ground, often branching and 10-15 cm diameter. S. zalacca has compound leaves, pinnate and 3-7 m long. Petiole, midrib and sapling have many long thorns, thin spines and a blackish-gray color. Minor leaves have a lanceolate shape, a pointed tip, 8x85 cm and a white underside by a waxy coating. The flowers in the cob are compound, appear in the armpit of the leaf, stem, initially covered by a sheath then dry and break down like fibers. Male flowers 50-100 cm long, 4-12 cylindrical items, 7-15 cm long, reddish in the armpits of tightly arranged scales. Female flowers 20-30 cm long, stemmed long and 1-3 items. The fruit has scaly skin, is eaten and is known as a table fruit, triangular shaped rather rounded or inverted ovoid, pointed at the base and rounded at the tip, 2.5-10

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red