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Lily turf (Ophiopogon caulescens)

Lily turf (Ophiopogon caulescens) is a plant species in Asparagaceae, perennial herb, rhizomatosa, suberect or prostrate stem, simple, elongated or short, leaving the basal or cauline, alternately, tufted or scattered, sessile or petiolate, linear to oblong, green and striped.

O. caulescens has a height of about 30 cm, linear leaves, widening to form shade, flat and long, narrow base, progressively wider and taper end, a bone moves linearly in the middle, green on the upper surface and silvery on bottom surface.

Dlium Lily turf (Ophiopogon caulescens)

Bisexual flowers in panicles, white, nodded and lined up on a black-green stalk. The flower has six tepals, six stamens, short filaments and basifixed anthers. The fruit is green and shows young seeds.

The original habitat of the tropics, altitude 0-1000 m, likes rather moist and shady soils, grows wild in primary forests, secondary forests, abandoned lands, roadsides and is widely used as an ornamental plant.

Lilyturf has a sweet, rather bitter taste and is cold. Tubers contain steroids saponins, ophiopogonin, isoflavonoids, S-glucose, 6-fructose, sucrose, inulin type fructane, β-sitosterol, β-sitosterol glucoside galactagogum and aphrodisiac.

Tubers are used to treat lung abscesses, dry cough, vomiting, fever and dry throat, difficulty defecating and urinating. Usually the tubers boiled to drink water.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Genus: Ophiopogon
Species: Ophiopogon caulescens



Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles ( Amorphophallus muelleri ) is a plant species in Araceae, the petiole is a pseudo stem with a height of 40-180 cm, 1-5 cm in diameter, round, green or purple with irregular white spots, each branching point grows brown bulbil and yellow bulb. A. muelleri has all leaves or stems or stems that are light green to dark green or gray and has greenish-white patches, smooth or smooth surface. The leaves are elliptical in shape with pointed leaf tips, smooth and wavy surface. When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaves branching with 3 minor petioles. Young leaves have light purple or green edges and will end in yellow and 0.3-0.5 mm wide. The whole canopy is 50-150 cm wide. The stems grow above the tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and a height of 75-175 cm. Tubers have a brownish yellow or gray color on the outer surface and brownish yellow on the inside, are slightly oval in shape, fibrous roots, weigh 450-3350 grams, smooth tissue, 4-5 months of dormanc

Pandan (Pandanus amaryllifolius)

Pandan ( Pandanus amaryllifolius ) is a plant species in Pandanaceae, a monocot that has rosette leaves, has three linear folds, is green, grows in the shade, has a distinctive aroma and is an important component in the cooking tradition as an aroma generator. P. amaryllifolius has strong roots that support this plant when it is grown. The leaves are elongated like a palm and arranged in a tight rosette, up to 60 cm long. Some varieties have serrated leaf edges. Pandan grows wild in yards, on the edges of gutters and in shady rice fields. Leaves are quite an important component in the culinary tradition as a food fragrance because of the aroma they produce. A leaf is placed between rice, cakes or other dishes such as compote and green bean porridge. This distinctive fragrant aroma is strong when the leaves are fresh. Pandan is also used as a source of green color for food, a decorative component for serving food and part of flower arrangements at weddings to make the room fragrant.

Javanese grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis)

Wooden grasshopper or Javanese grasshopper ( Valanga nigricornis ) is an animal species of Acrididae, grasshoppers that have at least 18 subspecies, insects with very wide diversity in color and size, sexual dimorphism in which females are larger in size and paler in color. V. nigricornis in males has a length of 45-55 millimeters and females 15-75 mm. The head is square and green or yellow or brown or black in color. A pair of antennas has a black color. The eyes are large and gray or white or brownish. The hind legs are very large and have a green or yellow or brown or black color, plain or brindle. The limbs have two rows of large and long spines with black tips facing backward. The wings have a length exceeding the belly, a rough surface and are brown or green or yellow or black in color with pulse lines forming spaces filled with black color. The hind wings are rose red which will be visible when flying. Nymphs are pale green or yellow or brown or blackish in color. Javanese gr