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Surusono (Piper ribesioides)

Surusono (Piper ribesioides) is a plant species in Piperaceae, evergreen, grows from roots in the soil and climbs with aerial roots, woody and strong stems, tubular, spreads using seeds, fruit has a spicy flavor used as food flavoring and drug.

P. ribesioides has a sturdy and woody old trunk that climbs by sticking very strongly and wrapped around a large tree, shaped like a pipe, branching in an irregular direction, having broad columns, rough bark and slightly reddish brown.

Dlium Surusono (Piper ribesioides)

The young stem is very long, shaped like a small pipe, segmented with varying distances, forming branches on a segment, brown, hanging, moving freely and generally downward.

A single leaf grows at each end of a long, brownish-green stem that appears on each of the young stem segments. The leaves are heart shaped or oval or elongated, symmetrical or asymmetrical and green. Rounded base and pointed tip. A main bone in the middle and several minor bones are linearly pinned.

The fruits are in panicles and have branch supports that grow on young stem segments and upright or downward directions. Each panicle has dozens of fruits, has long stems, is perfectly round in shape and is dark green and shiny.

Fruits contain a number of active medical compounds including essential oils, cubebin, piperidin and resins. The fruit contains oil which is used as a spice, the stem is used as a spice and has a spicy taste.

Essential oils have a diuretic and expectorant effect. Dried and immature fruits to treat coughs, bronchitis, sinusitis, throat and genito-urine infections, poor digestion and amoebic dysentery.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Piperales
Family: Piperaceae
Genus: Piper
Species: Piper ribesioides



Pygmy groundcherry (Physalis minima)

Ceplukan or pygmy groundcherry ( Physalis minima ) is a plant species in the Solanaceae, a pantropical perennial herb, 50 cm high, green in color, grows in wet or semi-wet areas, the fruit is edible and has a pleasant taste, is often used as an anti-cancer, analgesic and anti-inflammatory. P. minima has an erect trunk with many branches, is square with sharp angles, 20-50 cm high, bright green and juicy. The branching produces two or three new stems and becomes the point for producing leaves and fruit. The leaves have a smooth surface, hairless, plain or serrated edges, 2.5-12 cm long, light green color and pointed tips. The stalk is long and continues to be a bone in the center of the leaf with some lateral veins. Bell-shaped flowers with five corners, cream to yellow in color with brown plots on the inside and white pistils. The fruit is yellowish green and packed in a thin covering that turns brown and falls to the ground when ripe. Pygmy groundcherry grows wild in forest edges,

Bignay (Antidesma bunius)

Bignay or buni ( Antidesma bunius ) is a plant species in Phyllanthaceae, deciduous trees, up to 30 m tall, straight stems and 20-25 cm in diameter, many branches and shade, small fruits arranged in a long stalk, eaten raw or deep cooking or fermented into grapes. A. bunius has leaves with 1 cm long stalks, alternating, oblong-lanceolate, 19-25 cm long, 4-10 cm wide, rounded base, sharp or blunt tip, flat margins, dark green and shiny upper surface, bright lower surface, a main bone runs in the middle and appears on the underside of the leaf. Male and female flowers are located in different trees and arranged in the form of panicles 6-20 cm long. Female flower size is larger than male flowers. Terminal or axillary and narrowly spicate or racemose. Male flowers sit, cupular petals consisting of 3-4 short rounded petals, 3-4 stamens and reddish in color. Female flowers have a stalk, bell-shaped petals, 3-4 lobes measuring 1x2 mm, ovary ovoid, 3-4 pistil heads with small discs. Wet

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red