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Dumbcane (Dieffenbachia seguine)

Blanceng or dumbcane (Dieffenbachia seguine) is a plant species in Araceae, annual shrubs with thick and wide leaves, striking and varied colors, usually a mixture of green, white and yellow, easy to grow and often planted in houses and yards as ornamental plants, but poisonous.

D. seguine has stringy and yellow roots. The stem has a height of 0.6-1 m, stands upright, soft and gummy, tubular, has segments as a sign of leaf marks, dark green and shiny.

Dlium Dumbcane (Dieffenbachia seguine)

Single leaf, seated alternately, oval shape, flat edge, blunt base, pointed tip, length 25-40 cm, width 15-20 cm, flattened, single bone in the middle and fiber-pinnate, smooth surface, overall green or spotted white and yellow spread in the middle.

A single flower, grows on the leaf armpit, oval, delicate petals, brown, spear-shaped stamens and pistils, oval and white crowns. The fruit is ovoid, 4-8 mm in diameter, green and red when ripe. Round seeds, 3 mm in diameter and white.

Dumbcane emits a lot of water vapor which causes the air to become moist and diligently spraying phytochemical compounds to suppress bacterial populations and fungal spores as a mechanism for plants to survive and protect themselves from pathogens.

Blanceng grows well in high humidity and low intensity sunlight. The sap contains raphide as a calcium oxalate crystal which has a needle-like shape and is stored in an idioblast. The sap is toxic which causes itching, swelling, necrosis and destruction of blood vessels.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Alismatales
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Aroideae
Tribe: Spathicarpeae
Genus: Dieffenbachia
Species: Dieffenbachia seguine



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Bush sorrel (Hibiscus surattensis)

Bush sorrel ( Hibiscus surattensis ) is a plant species in Malvaceae, annual shrub, crawling on the surface or climbing, up to 3 meters long, thorny stems, green leaves, yellow trumpet flowers, grows wild in forests and canal edges, widely used for vegetables and treatment. H. surattensis has stems with spines and hairs, branching and reddish green. Petiole emerges from the stem with a straight edge to the side, up to 11 cm long, sturdy, thorny, hairy and reddish green. The leaves have a length of 10 cm, width of 10 cm, 3-5 lobed, each has a bone in the middle with several pinnate veins, sharp tip, sharp and jagged edges, wavy, stiff, green surface. Flowers up to 10 cm long, trumpet-shaped, yellow with a purple or brown or red center, solitary, axillary. Epicalyx has forked bracts, linear inner branches, spathulate outer branches. Stalks up to 6-7 cm. The seeds have a length of 3-3.5 mm and a width of 2.5 mm. Bush sorrels grow in pastures, marshes, abandoned fields and plantations,

Lawe (Abroma augustum)

Lawe or devil's cotton ( Abroma augustum ) is a plant species in Malvaceae, a small tree or bush that is erect, up to 10 m tall but generally 2-3 m tall, stems and twigs covered with star hair that are sharp, brittle and cause skin itching, sometimes also with glandular hair. A. augustum has a single leaf, alternating, has a long stalk, a heart-shaped base, a pointed tip with a very variable base whose leaves near the base of the branch have a circular shape from the egg to the heart, 3-5 curves, diameter 20-37 cm, while the leaves near the tips of twigs have elongated shapes with smooth toothed edges. The flowers gather in cymes at the tips of the twigs or face leaves, 1-4 buds, 1-3 cm long stems and 6-8 mm bractea. Hanging flowers, 3-5 cm in diameter, 5 angles and 1-3.5 cm long stems. The petals have 5 leaves, share a deep, triangular, 15-20 mm long, 6 mm wide and greenish. The crown has 5 leaves, spoon-shaped, 2-3.5 cm long, 1 cm wide, dark purple or red or yellow, concave an