Skip to main content

Kassod tree (Senna siamea)

Johar or kassod tree (Senna siamea) is a plant species in Fabaceae, a 2-30 m tall tree with straight and short trunks, the shadows rarely exceed 50 cm, brownish-gray bark on young branches, branching widens to form a dense canopy and rounded.

S. siamea has even pinnate leaves, 10-35 cm long with round stems, 1.5-3.5 cm long with shallow grooves in the middle and shaft without glands. Leaves support tapered small, 1 mm and easily fall out.

Dlium Kassod tree (Senna siamea)

Minor leaves have 4-16 pairs, somewhat warm, oval to round eggs, base and tip rounded or dull, bald, shiny upper surface and lower surface have fine hair.

Flowers are collected in panicles at the tips of branches, 15-60 cm long, have 10-60 buds divided into several panicles. The flower has 5 petals, rounded oval, 4-9 mm, thick and fine haired.

Bright yellow crown, 5 strands, bald, inverted egg round, flag with 1-2 mm long nails. Ten stamens to a length of 1 cm or more are the same length as the ovaries and pistil stems.

Flat-shaped pods, 15-30 cm long, 12-16 mm wide, 20-30 seeds with a thickened edge and at the end of the exposure. Egg-shaped seeds, flat, 6.5-8 mm long, 6 mm wide, light brown and glossy.

Kassod tree grows well in tropical lowlands with monsoon climate, rainfall between 500-1000 mm/year, 20-31C, deep and fertile soils with a pH of 5.5-7.5. This plant can not stand the cold, freezing and above the altitude of 1300 m.

Johar is often planted in agroforestry as well as intercrops, marginal plants, wind barrier, shade plants for tea, coffee and cocoa. Often planted as roadside shade trees, ornamental trees in parks and rehabilitating mining areas.

Hard and heavy wood for B.J. 0.6-1.01 at 15% moisture content. Whitish sapwood and terrace dark brown to black with yellowish patches. Terrace wood has a durable class I and a strong class I-II for making bridges and poles. Beautiful colors and motifs are popular for making furniture and decorative panels.

Young leaves and flowers are boiled and water replaced several times used as a vegetable dish. Young leaves, flowers and pods for ruminant feed, but alkaloids are toxic to non-ruminants including pigs and poultry

Bark, leaves and fruit produce tanners. Simplisia used for medicine uses leaves, root bark and seeds. The root is used to treat intestinal worms and convulsions in children. Wood for laxative and treat scabies. Leaves as a drug for malaria, reduce blood glucose and skin diseases.

The leaves and other parts contain antrakinona, antrona, flavona, various triterpenoids, alkaloids and cassiadimine. Root bark contains lupeol, betalin and diantrakinon. Seeds contain fat and sitosterin.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cassieae
Genus: Senna
Species: Senna siamea



Cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans)

Drasena or cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans) is a species of flowering plant in Asparagaceae, a shrub that grows slowly, is very adaptive and inhabits in altitude regions of 600-2250 m, multistemmed at the base, up to 15 m high or higher with narrow, upright and slender crowns.

D. fragrans has a round stem with a diameter of up to 30 cm, young plants have a single stem and are not branched with a rosette of leaves to the ends, producing two or more new stems with subsequent flowering episodes.

Lanceolate leaves, 20-150 cm long, 2-12 cm wide, green overall or yellow vertical stripes follow the bone trench in the middle for some varieties, shiny, upright young leaves to spread and larger leaves droop due to weight.

The flowers in panicles are 15-160 cm long, individual flowers have a diameter of 2.5 cm with a six-lobed corolla, are pink and open white with the center having a red or purple line on each lobe for 7-12 mm, very fragrant and popular with pollinating insects.

The berries …

Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a plant species in Araceae, the leaves are pseudo stems with a height of 40-180 cm and a diameter of 1-5 cm, tubular, green with irregular white patches, each branching point grows bulbil colored brown and yellow tubers.

A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.

When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

Stems grow on tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and height 75-175 cm. The color of the tuber is brownish or beige on the outer surface and brownish on the inside, rather oval and stringy roots, weight 450-3350 grams, fine tissue, 4-5 months dormant period and 35-55% glucomannan content.

Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia)

Paitan or Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia) is a plant species in Asteraceae, shrubs with 2-4 meters high, abundant yellow flowers, fast growing, tolerant to high canopy density with deep roots and widely used as a barrier to erosion, insulin and green fertilizer.

T. diversifolia grows upright, erect stems are tubular and green woody. Single leaf arranged alternately, length up to 32 cm, width up to 25 cm, sharp edges and base, pinnate bones, rough surface and green. Young leaves have a tip, while adult leaves have 3-5 ends.

Compound flowers grow at the end of branches with long stems. Petals are tubular, smooth hair and green. Crown will be separated, ribbon-shaped, yellow and smooth. Yellow round stamens and curved pistils are yellow.

The fruits are round, light green and turn brown when ripe. The seeds are round, have four corners, 5 mm long, hard and brown in color. Seeds spread by the wind. White taproot.

Mexican sunflower grows wild on the edge of farmland, cliff slopes and …