Skip to main content

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica)

Asem or asam jawa or tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is a plant species in Fabaceae as the only species in Tamarindus, a large tree and always green, fruit has a sour or sweet taste that is commonly used as a seasoning mixture in many dishes and flavorings for a variety of drinks.

T. indica has a height of up to 30 m, stem diameter up to 2 m and sturdy. The bark is grayish brown, rough, cracked and in vertical grooves. Shady canopy and leafy, widened and rounded.

Dlium Tamarind (Tamarindus indica)

The leaves are compound and pinnate even, 5-13 cm long, sitting side by side with the supporting leaf like a tapered ribbon. Minor leaves are oval shaped and narrow, 8-16 pairs each measuring 0.5-1x1-3.5 cm, flat edge, base tilted and rounded, tip rounded until slightly curved.

The flowers are arranged in a loose bunch at the armpit of the leaf or at the end of a branch, up to 16 cm long. Butterfly-shaped flower with four petals, five crowns and fragrant. Leucorrhoea yellow crown with red brown veins and size up to 1.5 cm.

Fruit in pods that are distended, somewhat cylindrical, curved or straight, 1-10 seeds with constriction between chambers. The exocarp is brown or gray in color and scaly with hardened and viscous veins.

Mesocarp is greenish white when young, brownish red to blackish when very ripe, sticky and has a sour or sweet taste. The seeds are blackish brown, shiny, somewhat square and hard.

Tamarind grows wild in tropical forests and savanna, altitude up to 1,500 m, sandy soil and clay, especially in areas that have a long dry season and are very adaptive.

The fruit is very popular and is used in various ingredients, syrup, jams, sweets and herbs. Young fruit is very sour and is usually used as a vegetable seasoning or salad mixture. Ripe fruit lasts long after peeling and drying in the sun.

Fruit is also used to eliminate fishy fish. The fruit is processed into tamarind honey by drying in a closed place until blackish brown liquid comes out to treat thrush. The seeds are eaten after being soaked and boiled or roasted, also used as flour to make cakes or bread.

Young leaves are used for fresh drinks, smooth and increase breast milk, reduce inflammation and pain in the joints, coughing and fever. Mashed bark to heal wounds, ulcers and rashes. Seed flour for treating dysentery and diarrhea. Bark is astringent and tonic.

Reddish brown wood, heavy, hard, dense, durable and fine-textured that is often used to make furniture, handicrafts, carvings and sculptures. Seeds are also often used for children's play materials. Tamarind tree is usually planted on the roadside as a shade.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Detarioideae
Tribe: Amherstieae
Genus: Tamarindus
Species: Tamarindus indica



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Lawe (Abroma augustum)

Lawe or devil's cotton ( Abroma augustum ) is a plant species in Malvaceae, a small tree or bush that is erect, up to 10 m tall but generally 2-3 m tall, stems and twigs covered with star hair that are sharp, brittle and cause skin itching, sometimes also with glandular hair. A. augustum has a single leaf, alternating, has a long stalk, a heart-shaped base, a pointed tip with a very variable base whose leaves near the base of the branch have a circular shape from the egg to the heart, 3-5 curves, diameter 20-37 cm, while the leaves near the tips of twigs have elongated shapes with smooth toothed edges. The flowers gather in cymes at the tips of the twigs or face leaves, 1-4 buds, 1-3 cm long stems and 6-8 mm bractea. Hanging flowers, 3-5 cm in diameter, 5 angles and 1-3.5 cm long stems. The petals have 5 leaves, share a deep, triangular, 15-20 mm long, 6 mm wide and greenish. The crown has 5 leaves, spoon-shaped, 2-3.5 cm long, 1 cm wide, dark purple or red or yellow, concave an

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red