Skip to main content

Godam ant (Odontoponera denticulata)

Semut godam or godam ant (Odontoponera denticulata) is animal species in Formicidae, black ants, mandibular shaped triangular, antenal scrobe and antenal socket hanging on the mandible, living on the edge of tropical rain forests, plantations and disturbed lands.

O. denticulata has a tanned black body, a rough body with striped striated, antennas consisting of 12-13 segments, anterior clypeus has 7-9 teeth, pronotum shaped triangular, petiol rounded up and claws on the hind legs do not have spines.

Dlium Godam ant (Odontoponera denticulata)

The eyes are relatively large compared to species in the same genus, the mandible has four large teeth with a smaller bottom, ocelli is small and triangular in shape and clypeus has thin hair.

The queen has a length of 11-13 mm and has wings. Workers have a length of 9-12 mm. Short, triangular and massive mandible with basal grooves. The eye is relatively small and sits anteriorly from the center of the head with a smooth preocular carina. Pronotum with short spine in each anterodorsal angle.

Metanotal groove is very shallow or reduced to a simple stitch. Propodeum narrows back, posterior margins with a shallow denticulate back. Propodeal spiroid ovoid. Squamiform petiole with sharp denticulate and dorsal margin emarginate.

Gaster with narrowing of the belt between pre and post-sclerite. The head and mesosoma are very striated with mild convoluted gasters. Head and body with scattered pilosity and only mild puberty.

Godam ants inhabit wood habitats including forest edges and disturbed areas, nest on the ground and forage on the surface. A colony occupies several different nests connected by underground tunnels with many entrances. Workers effectively guard the nest entrance from looters.

Workers are mostly epigeic gatherers and common predators who often invade termite colonies and other ants. Hunting and foraging within a distance of about one meter from the entrance of the prey nest. The mandible gland and stomach secretions have protein as poisons.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Insecta
Subclass: Pterygota
Order: Hymenoptera
Suborder: Apocrita
Infraorder: Aculeata
Superfamily: Vespoidea
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Odontoponera
Species: Odontoponera denticulata



Salak (Salacca zalacca)

Salak or snake fruit ( Salacca zalacca ) is a species of palm plant in Arecaceae, dioesis, shrubs and not trunked, has many thorns, many shoots, grows into dense and strong clumps, spreads below or above the ground, often branching and 10-15 cm diameter. S. zalacca has compound leaves, pinnate and 3-7 m long. Petiole, midrib and sapling have many long thorns, thin spines and a blackish-gray color. Minor leaves have a lanceolate shape, a pointed tip, 8x85 cm and a white underside by a waxy coating. The flowers in the cob are compound, appear in the armpit of the leaf, stem, initially covered by a sheath then dry and break down like fibers. Male flowers 50-100 cm long, 4-12 cylindrical items, 7-15 cm long, reddish in the armpits of tightly arranged scales. Female flowers 20-30 cm long, stemmed long and 1-3 items. The fruit has scaly skin, is eaten and is known as a table fruit, triangular shaped rather rounded or inverted ovoid, pointed at the base and rounded at the tip, 2.5-10

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red

Guinea grass (Panicum maximum)

Guinea grass or buffalo grass or green panic ( Panicum maximum ) is a plant species in Poaceae, annual grasses, growing upright to form clumps, strong, cultivated in all tropical and subtropical regions for very high value as fodder. P. maximum reproduces in very large pols, fibrous roots penetrate into the soil, upright stems, green, 1-1.5 m tall and have smooth cavities for diameters up to 2.5 mm. Propagation is done vegetatively and generatively. Ribbon-shaped leaves with a pointed tip, very many, built in lines, green, 40-105 cm long, 10-30 mm wide, erect, branched, a white linear bone, often covered with a layer of white wax, rough surface by hair short, dense and spread. The flower grows at the end of a long and upright stalk, open with the main axis length to more than 25 cm and the length of the bunches down to 20 cm. Grains have a size of 3x4 mm and oval. Seeds have a length of 2.25-2.50 mm and each 1 kg contains 1.2 - 1.5 million seeds. Guinea grass has two varieties. P