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Luwingan (Ficus hispida)

Luwingan or bisoro or opposite leaf fig (Ficus hispida) is a plant species in Moraceae, trees grow to 20 m high, hard wood, large leaves, fruits grow abundantly by lined up on a long stalk, shed leaves in the dry season and recorded four varieties are hispida, incana, odorata and rubra.

F. hispida has brown stems, has many gray and gummy branches. Heart-shaped leaves, pointed tip, a main bone in the middle and minor bones are pinned, rough surface and hair, jagged margins and green.

Dlium Luwingan (Ficus hispida)


Each tree produces female syconia that contains female flowers that will become fruit, while male syconia contains pollen. Trees begin to bear fruit at the age of 3 years with, clustering for 10-20 pieces in a bunch.

The fruit is oval or polygonal with white cornered spots. Large mesocarp protected by parenchyma cells. Young fruits are green to turn yellow and turn red when ripe, have epidermal layers with cuticles and 4-6 layers of hexagonal or polygonal collenchymes.

The fruit has a soft fleshy texture and has small seeds that grow throughout the year. Rich in calcium, phosphorus and iron which are used as antidiarrheal, astringent, hepatoprotective, antitussive, anti-pyretic, anti-inflammatory, hemostatic, anti-ulcer and anti-anemia.



Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Ficus
Species: Ficus hispida
Varietis: Ficus hispida var. hispida, Ficus hispida ssp. incana, Ficus hispida var. odorata, Ficus hispida var. rubra

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