Skip to main content

Sabrang (Agave cantala)

Sabrang (Agave cantala) is a plant species in Asparagaceae, evergreen, succulent, xerophilic, monocarpic, perennial plant forming a rosette of leaves that can be up to 1.5 meters long, large thorns, growing wild on marginal land and towards the end of life plant puts up a flowering stem up to 8 meters tall.

A. cantala has grayish-green or bluish-gray leaves with a thicker base, the tip becomes pointed and black. Margins grow large spines, sharp, curved up to 3 cm and black. Each tree has 57 leaves.

Dlium Sabrang (Agave cantala)

Young and mature leaves have a length of 133 cm, width of 10 cm, thickness at the base of 16 mm, thickness at the edge of 2.27 mm, weight 400g, juice 22% and fiber yield of 3.40%. Old leaves have a yellowish green color, lose all thorns and slowly turn brown to dry.

The bisexual flower has a stem up to 8 meters long, sitting on a short twig, crammed tightly, a funnel-shaped tent tube for 1 cm. The header has a length of 2 cm, the inward part is narrow. The length of the stalk and pistil is 3 cm. Button-shaped pistil heads and three headers each.

Fruit buds are round, cylindrical and each chamber contains many seeds. Square fruit with a length of 4 cm. Pollination is aided by insects, birds and bats with different levels of efficiency. Generative and vegetative breeding.

Generative breeding produces many seeds, but only blooms once during the life phase. Vegetative propagation uses rhizomes and bulbil which grow and spread until new shoots emerge from the apical meristem. Rhizomes will remain attached to the parent plant until finally ready to separate and form new individuals.



Sabrang grows wild on calcareous hillside, dry land and dry climate, humidity 70-80%, full sun, rain cut 1,000-1,250 mm / year, temperature 9-41C, altitude up to 2,400 m, clay sandy, pH 5.5-7.5 and can't stand standing water.

A. cantala is cultivated for fiber where each leaf obtained through a mechanical process uses a decorticator to obtain wet fibers, then is dried for further processing. The fiber has a length of 4.19 mm, a width of 24.03 μm, a lumen diameter of 11.48 μm and a cell wall thickness of 6.28 μm.

Fiber contains 64-71% α-cellulose, 7-17% lignin, 12% hemicellulose, and 1-2% ash with mechanical and physical properties for density 800-700 kg / m3, water absorption 56%, tensile strength 268 MPa, modulus of elasticity is 15 Gpa. Salt resistant fiber and widely used for boat ropes.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Agave
Species: Agave cantala
Subspecies: Agave cantala var. acuispina and Agave cantala var. cantala

Comments

Popular

Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles ( Amorphophallus muelleri ) is a plant species in Araceae, the petiole is a pseudo stem with a height of 40-180 cm, 1-5 cm in diameter, round, green or purple with irregular white spots, each branching point grows brown bulbil and yellow bulb. A. muelleri has all leaves or stems or stems that are light green to dark green or gray and has greenish-white patches, smooth or smooth surface. The leaves are elliptical in shape with pointed leaf tips, smooth and wavy surface. When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaves branching with 3 minor petioles. Young leaves have light purple or green edges and will end in yellow and 0.3-0.5 mm wide. The whole canopy is 50-150 cm wide. The stems grow above the tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and a height of 75-175 cm. Tubers have a brownish yellow or gray color on the outer surface and brownish yellow on the inside, are slightly oval in shape, fibrous roots, weigh 450-3350 grams, smooth tissue, 4-5 months of dormanc

Javan broadhead planarian (Bipalium javanum)

Cacing palu or Javan broadhead planarian ( Bipalium javanum ) is a species of animal in Geoplanidae, hermaphrodite, living on the ground, predators, often called only hammerhead or broadhead or shovel worms because of wide heads and simple copulatory organs. B. javanum has a slim stature, up to 20 cm long, up to 0.5 cm wide, head wide up to 1 cm or less, small neck, widening in the middle and the back end is rounded, all black and shiny. Javan broadhead planarians walk above ground level by raising their heads and actively looking left, right and looking up using strong neck muscles. Move swiftly, track meander, climb to get through all obstacles or make a new path if the obstacle is too high. Cacing palu track and prey on earthworms and mollusks. They use muscles and sticky secretions to attach themselves to prey to lock in. The head and ends of the body are wrapped around and continue to close the body to stop prey reactions. They produce tetrodotoxins which are very strong

China rose (Rosa chinensis)

Mawar or Bengal rose or China rose ( Rosa chinensis ) is a plant species in Rosaceae, shrubs up to 1-2 m tall, growing on fences or forming bushes. Leaf pinnate, 3-5 leaflets, each 2.5-6 cm long and 1-3 cm wide. The plant has three varieties is R. chinensis var. chinensis, R. chinensis var. spontanea and R. chinensis var. semperflorens. R. chinensis has pink, red and white petals. Solitary flowers, usually four or five bundles together and have a mild aroma. Hermaphrodite flowers have radial symmetry for diameters of 4-5 cm. Strong branches, sturdy thorns decorate each path, young stems have dark green tree bark and woody old stems have purplish brown color. The leaves are arranged alternately from the petiole and downy. Leaf pinnate, ovoid with rounded base, tapered tip and sharp saw edge. The top leaves are dark green and shiny. Various forms of mawar have been cultivated in the garden for a long time, many varieties of garden roses and hibidation as tea roses and so on hy