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Abelmosk (Abelmoschus moschatus)

Kapasan or abelmosk (Abelmoschus moschatus) is a plant species in Malvaceae, annual shrubs, 3.5 meters high, woody stems, round, erect, monopodial branches, green or brownish green, sharp hairs like thorns and three subspecies.

A. moschatus has a single leaf, large or narrow rectangular, 6-22 cm long, 5-20 cm wide, divided into 3-5 lobed, a bone in the middle, several pinnate pulses, a heart-shaped base, taper tips, edges jagged or flat, rough surface, green, hair and stem length of 5-10 cm.

Dlium Abelmosk (Abelmoschus moschatus)

A single flower, bell-shaped, grows on the armpits of leaves, petals 2-3 cm and triangular in shape, haired, the tip has 5 paces and is green. Tubular stamens, anthers loose and yellow. The crown is divided by five strands, 3.5-10 cm long and yellow in color.

The fruit is long box-shaped, has five corners, sharp edges, sharp hair, green and ripe blackish brown. Kidney-shaped seeds, flat, curved, hard and blackish brown. Single root, round, branched and yellowish white.

Abelmosk grows wild in open places, empty land, abandoned land or scattered in gardens and roadside at altitudes up to 650 m. Seeds, leaves and roots contain saponins and flavonoids. Leaves and seeds also contain tannins.

The seeds produce castor oil for a cosmetic mixture, liniment and an itchy powder mixture. The plant is also used as an anti-pyretic, bladder, anti-inflammatory and pus removal.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Hibisceae
Genus: Abelmoschus
Species: Abelmoschus moschatus
Subspecies: Abelmoschus moschatus ssp. moschatus, Abelmoschus moschatus ssp. tuberosus, Abelmoschus moschatus ssp. biakensis



Cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans)

Drasena or cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans) is a species of flowering plant in Asparagaceae, a shrub that grows slowly, is very adaptive and inhabits in altitude regions of 600-2250 m, multistemmed at the base, up to 15 m high or higher with narrow, upright and slender crowns.

D. fragrans has a round stem with a diameter of up to 30 cm, young plants have a single stem and are not branched with a rosette of leaves to the ends, producing two or more new stems with subsequent flowering episodes.

Lanceolate leaves, 20-150 cm long, 2-12 cm wide, green overall or yellow vertical stripes follow the bone trench in the middle for some varieties, shiny, upright young leaves to spread and larger leaves droop due to weight.

The flowers in panicles are 15-160 cm long, individual flowers have a diameter of 2.5 cm with a six-lobed corolla, are pink and open white with the center having a red or purple line on each lobe for 7-12 mm, very fragrant and popular with pollinating insects.

The berries …

Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a plant species in Araceae, the leaves are pseudo stems with a height of 40-180 cm and a diameter of 1-5 cm, tubular, green with irregular white patches, each branching point grows bulbil colored brown and yellow tubers.

A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.

When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

Stems grow on tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and height 75-175 cm. The color of the tuber is brownish or beige on the outer surface and brownish on the inside, rather oval and stringy roots, weight 450-3350 grams, fine tissue, 4-5 months dormant period and 35-55% glucomannan content.

Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia)

Paitan or Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia) is a plant species in Asteraceae, shrubs with 2-4 meters high, abundant yellow flowers, fast growing, tolerant to high canopy density with deep roots and widely used as a barrier to erosion, insulin and green fertilizer.

T. diversifolia grows upright, erect stems are tubular and green woody. Single leaf arranged alternately, length up to 32 cm, width up to 25 cm, sharp edges and base, pinnate bones, rough surface and green. Young leaves have a tip, while adult leaves have 3-5 ends.

Compound flowers grow at the end of branches with long stems. Petals are tubular, smooth hair and green. Crown will be separated, ribbon-shaped, yellow and smooth. Yellow round stamens and curved pistils are yellow.

The fruits are round, light green and turn brown when ripe. The seeds are round, have four corners, 5 mm long, hard and brown in color. Seeds spread by the wind. White taproot.

Mexican sunflower grows wild on the edge of farmland, cliff slopes and …