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Gebang (Corypha utan)

Gebang or agel (Corypha utan) is a plant species in Arecaceae, a large palm tree, single trunked, hard and has a leaf mark, up to 20 meters high and at the apex of growing long-stemmed leaves and coincide, flowering only once throughout life.

C. utan has large fan-shaped leaves with a diameter of 2-3.5 meters, pinnate leaf bones, green and collected at the end of the stem. Petiole has a length of up to 7 meters, wide, dark green, has a groove, has a row of black spines on both edges.

Dlium Gebang (Corypha utan)

Cylindrical rod, the outside is a hard and dense layer of skin, the inside contains vertical fibers, brownish in color and emits a reddish-brown sap, has circular segments which are traces of fronds that fall out as the phase changes in growth.

Gebang flower and fruit only once at the end of the life span after all leaves die at the age of 60-70 years. The flowers appear at the end of the stem in the terminal, panicles 3-5 meters with hundreds of thousands of flowers, greenish yellow and fragrant. Ball-shaped fruit, short-stemmed, green and 2-3 cm in diameter.

This palm grows spread in the lowlands to an altitude of 300 meters, open grasslands, streams, edges of swamps and sometimes in hilly areas. This tree grows into many groups forming a vast forest belt near the beach.

Young leaves are processed into a variety of woven materials including mats, hats, bags, sacks, ropes, nets and traditional clothing. Fiber is produced from leaf stalks that are cut into pieces, soaked and processed further. This fiber is spun into a rope or woven into hats.

Soft tree trunks are processed as flour for cakes that are burned and eaten with bananas. Gebang stems produce 90 kg of flour for each tree. Roots to treat diarrhea, water from the midrib is used as an anti-poison, reddish sap from the shoots of the stem is used to treat wounds, coughs and dysentery.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Corypheae
Genus: Corypha
Species: Corypha utan



Cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans)

Drasena or cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans) is a species of flowering plant in Asparagaceae, a shrub that grows slowly, is very adaptive and inhabits in altitude regions of 600-2250 m, multistemmed at the base, up to 15 m high or higher with narrow, upright and slender crowns.

D. fragrans has a round stem with a diameter of up to 30 cm, young plants have a single stem and are not branched with a rosette of leaves to the ends, producing two or more new stems with subsequent flowering episodes.

Lanceolate leaves, 20-150 cm long, 2-12 cm wide, green overall or yellow vertical stripes follow the bone trench in the middle for some varieties, shiny, upright young leaves to spread and larger leaves droop due to weight.

The flowers in panicles are 15-160 cm long, individual flowers have a diameter of 2.5 cm with a six-lobed corolla, are pink and open white with the center having a red or purple line on each lobe for 7-12 mm, very fragrant and popular with pollinating insects.

The berries …

Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a plant species in Araceae, the leaves are pseudo stems with a height of 40-180 cm and a diameter of 1-5 cm, tubular, green with irregular white patches, each branching point grows bulbil colored brown and yellow tubers.

A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.

When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

Stems grow on tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and height 75-175 cm. The color of the tuber is brownish or beige on the outer surface and brownish on the inside, rather oval and stringy roots, weight 450-3350 grams, fine tissue, 4-5 months dormant period and 35-55% glucomannan content.

Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia)

Paitan or Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia) is a plant species in Asteraceae, shrubs with 2-4 meters high, abundant yellow flowers, fast growing, tolerant to high canopy density with deep roots and widely used as a barrier to erosion, insulin and green fertilizer.

T. diversifolia grows upright, erect stems are tubular and green woody. Single leaf arranged alternately, length up to 32 cm, width up to 25 cm, sharp edges and base, pinnate bones, rough surface and green. Young leaves have a tip, while adult leaves have 3-5 ends.

Compound flowers grow at the end of branches with long stems. Petals are tubular, smooth hair and green. Crown will be separated, ribbon-shaped, yellow and smooth. Yellow round stamens and curved pistils are yellow.

The fruits are round, light green and turn brown when ripe. The seeds are round, have four corners, 5 mm long, hard and brown in color. Seeds spread by the wind. White taproot.

Mexican sunflower grows wild on the edge of farmland, cliff slopes and …