Skip to main content

Marong (Trichosanthes scabra)

Marong or gymnopetalum (Trichosanthes scabra) is a species of plant in Cucurbitaceae, herbs grow on the surface, lots of sun, green-yellow stems and white solid hair, no branching tendrils, round or egg-shaped fruits and ripe red.

T. scabra has a leaf stalk for a length of 1.1-2.5 cm and a diameter of 0.2-0.5 mm. The leaves are circular in shape, wide, five shallow lobes, basal heart, rounded or somewhat tapered ends and toothed edges. The upper surface is bumpy, rough and has short hair, while the lower surface has dense and long hair.

Dlium Marong (Trichosanthes scabra)

Single male flower, solitary and 6-7 mm long. Persistent stalk, 30-70 mm long, hypantium-shaped, narrowed down and gray-haired. The triangular petals are wide and 4-5 mm long. Round egg crown, stamens in hypantium tubes, filament length 2-2.5 mm and bald.

Solitary female flowers, 25 mm stem length, round fruit candidates, long hair, cylindrical hypantium tubes, white crowns and 15 mm long. Pistils have a length of 7-10 mm, head upright with a length of 2 mm.

Spherical or egg-shaped fruits, 3-5 cm long, 2-3 cm in diameter, 4.5 cm long stems, 0.8 mm in diameter, short-haired, patterned in green and light green forming lines, orange-red when ripe, fleshy, seeds brown and protected by the placenta.

Marong grows in a place with lots of sun, roadside and near a river. Flowering and fruiting throughout the year. The stems are brewed to improve appetite and increase stamina, the leaves are used as rheumatic medicine.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Genus: Trichosanthes
Species: Trichosanthes scabra



Salak (Salacca zalacca)

Salak or snake fruit ( Salacca zalacca ) is a species of palm plant in Arecaceae, dioesis, shrubs and not trunked, has many thorns, many shoots, grows into dense and strong clumps, spreads below or above the ground, often branching and 10-15 cm diameter. S. zalacca has compound leaves, pinnate and 3-7 m long. Petiole, midrib and sapling have many long thorns, thin spines and a blackish-gray color. Minor leaves have a lanceolate shape, a pointed tip, 8x85 cm and a white underside by a waxy coating. The flowers in the cob are compound, appear in the armpit of the leaf, stem, initially covered by a sheath then dry and break down like fibers. Male flowers 50-100 cm long, 4-12 cylindrical items, 7-15 cm long, reddish in the armpits of tightly arranged scales. Female flowers 20-30 cm long, stemmed long and 1-3 items. The fruit has scaly skin, is eaten and is known as a table fruit, triangular shaped rather rounded or inverted ovoid, pointed at the base and rounded at the tip, 2.5-10

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red

Guinea grass (Panicum maximum)

Guinea grass or buffalo grass or green panic ( Panicum maximum ) is a plant species in Poaceae, annual grasses, growing upright to form clumps, strong, cultivated in all tropical and subtropical regions for very high value as fodder. P. maximum reproduces in very large pols, fibrous roots penetrate into the soil, upright stems, green, 1-1.5 m tall and have smooth cavities for diameters up to 2.5 mm. Propagation is done vegetatively and generatively. Ribbon-shaped leaves with a pointed tip, very many, built in lines, green, 40-105 cm long, 10-30 mm wide, erect, branched, a white linear bone, often covered with a layer of white wax, rough surface by hair short, dense and spread. The flower grows at the end of a long and upright stalk, open with the main axis length to more than 25 cm and the length of the bunches down to 20 cm. Grains have a size of 3x4 mm and oval. Seeds have a length of 2.25-2.50 mm and each 1 kg contains 1.2 - 1.5 million seeds. Guinea grass has two varieties. P