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Marong (Trichosanthes scabra)

Marong or gymnopetalum (Trichosanthes scabra) is a species of plant in Cucurbitaceae, herbs grow on the surface, lots of sun, green-yellow stems and white solid hair, no branching tendrils, round or egg-shaped fruits and ripe red.

T. scabra has a leaf stalk for a length of 1.1-2.5 cm and a diameter of 0.2-0.5 mm. The leaves are circular in shape, wide, five shallow lobes, basal heart, rounded or somewhat tapered ends and toothed edges. The upper surface is bumpy, rough and has short hair, while the lower surface has dense and long hair.

Dlium Marong (Trichosanthes scabra)

Single male flower, solitary and 6-7 mm long. Persistent stalk, 30-70 mm long, hypantium-shaped, narrowed down and gray-haired. The triangular petals are wide and 4-5 mm long. Round egg crown, stamens in hypantium tubes, filament length 2-2.5 mm and bald.

Solitary female flowers, 25 mm stem length, round fruit candidates, long hair, cylindrical hypantium tubes, white crowns and 15 mm long. Pistils have a length of 7-10 mm, head upright with a length of 2 mm.

Spherical or egg-shaped fruits, 3-5 cm long, 2-3 cm in diameter, 4.5 cm long stems, 0.8 mm in diameter, short-haired, patterned in green and light green forming lines, orange-red when ripe, fleshy, seeds brown and protected by the placenta.

Marong grows in a place with lots of sun, roadside and near a river. Flowering and fruiting throughout the year. The stems are brewed to improve appetite and increase stamina, the leaves are used as rheumatic medicine.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Genus: Trichosanthes
Species: Trichosanthes scabra



Cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans)

Drasena or cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans) is a species of flowering plant in Asparagaceae, a shrub that grows slowly, is very adaptive and inhabits in altitude regions of 600-2250 m, multistemmed at the base, up to 15 m high or higher with narrow, upright and slender crowns.

D. fragrans has a round stem with a diameter of up to 30 cm, young plants have a single stem and are not branched with a rosette of leaves to the ends, producing two or more new stems with subsequent flowering episodes.

Lanceolate leaves, 20-150 cm long, 2-12 cm wide, green overall or yellow vertical stripes follow the bone trench in the middle for some varieties, shiny, upright young leaves to spread and larger leaves droop due to weight.

The flowers in panicles are 15-160 cm long, individual flowers have a diameter of 2.5 cm with a six-lobed corolla, are pink and open white with the center having a red or purple line on each lobe for 7-12 mm, very fragrant and popular with pollinating insects.

The berries …

Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a plant species in Araceae, the leaves are pseudo stems with a height of 40-180 cm and a diameter of 1-5 cm, tubular, green with irregular white patches, each branching point grows bulbil colored brown and yellow tubers.

A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.

When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

Stems grow on tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and height 75-175 cm. The color of the tuber is brownish or beige on the outer surface and brownish on the inside, rather oval and stringy roots, weight 450-3350 grams, fine tissue, 4-5 months dormant period and 35-55% glucomannan content.

Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia)

Paitan or Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia) is a plant species in Asteraceae, shrubs with 2-4 meters high, abundant yellow flowers, fast growing, tolerant to high canopy density with deep roots and widely used as a barrier to erosion, insulin and green fertilizer.

T. diversifolia grows upright, erect stems are tubular and green woody. Single leaf arranged alternately, length up to 32 cm, width up to 25 cm, sharp edges and base, pinnate bones, rough surface and green. Young leaves have a tip, while adult leaves have 3-5 ends.

Compound flowers grow at the end of branches with long stems. Petals are tubular, smooth hair and green. Crown will be separated, ribbon-shaped, yellow and smooth. Yellow round stamens and curved pistils are yellow.

The fruits are round, light green and turn brown when ripe. The seeds are round, have four corners, 5 mm long, hard and brown in color. Seeds spread by the wind. White taproot.

Mexican sunflower grows wild on the edge of farmland, cliff slopes and …