Skip to main content

Katuk (Sauropus androgynus)

Katuk or sweet leaf or star gooseberry or Breynia androgyna (Sauropus androgynus) is a species of plants in Phyllanthaceae, clumping, growing chronic, 2-5 m tall, woody stems, tubular with leaf marks, widely used as living fences, vegetables and medicine.

S. androgynus has a taproot and is white. Stems upright, slender, few branches, young green and turn greenish brown with aging, if the tip of the stem is trimmed will grow new shoots that form branches.

Dlium Katuk (Sauropus androgynus)

Compound leaves, ovoid, pointed tip, blunt base, flat edge, 1-6 cm long, 1-4 cm wide, a bone in the middle, several pinnate veins, short stems, dark green in color with silvery features on the upper surface and bright green on the lower surface.

Compound flowers, umbrella-shaped and grow in the armpit of the leaf. Petals are ovoid and red-purple. Three pistil heads and shaped like a kidney. Three stamens and 5-10 mm stalk length.

Fruit will ride and purple. The fruit is round, a diameter of 1.5 mm and is whitish green. Each fruit has seeds, round, hard and black.

Katuk grows well at altitudes up to 1300 m, has tropical and subtropical adaptations, is productive throughout the year although it tends to be somewhat dormant in cold weather. Tolerant to heat, humidity, sensitive to cold and saline soil. Liked clay soils and pH 6.

Plants are widely used as living fences, shoots are used as asparagus, cooked leaves as vegetables, increase breast milk, treat acne, treat fevers, ulcers and inflammation of the esophagus. The leaves contain papaverina and if excessive can cause side effects such as poisoning.

Leaves contain energy (59.00cal), carbohydrate (11.00g), protein (4.80g), fat (1.00g), calcium (204.00mg), phosphorus (83.00mg), iron (2.70mg), vitamin A (10,371SI), vitamin B1 (0.10mg), vitamin C (239.00mg) and water (81.00g).

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Genus: Sauropus
Species: Sauropus androgynus



Guinea grass (Panicum maximum)

Guinea grass or buffalo grass or green panic ( Panicum maximum ) is a plant species in Poaceae, annual grasses, growing upright to form clumps, strong, cultivated in all tropical and subtropical regions for very high value as fodder. P. maximum reproduces in very large pols, fibrous roots penetrate into the soil, upright stems, green, 1-1.5 m tall and have smooth cavities for diameters up to 2.5 mm. Propagation is done vegetatively and generatively. Ribbon-shaped leaves with a pointed tip, very many, built in lines, green, 40-105 cm long, 10-30 mm wide, erect, branched, a white linear bone, often covered with a layer of white wax, rough surface by hair short, dense and spread. The flower grows at the end of a long and upright stalk, open with the main axis length to more than 25 cm and the length of the bunches down to 20 cm. Grains have a size of 3x4 mm and oval. Seeds have a length of 2.25-2.50 mm and each 1 kg contains 1.2 - 1.5 million seeds. Guinea grass has two varieties. P

Giant green leech (Raksasa hijau)

Lintah raksasa or giant green leech ( Raksasa hijau ) is a species of animal in Salifidae, large green leeches, carnivores, not hematophagic, can grow to lengths of more than 50 cm, the front is perfectly tubular, but it is getting bigger, wider and flat backward. R. hijau has a front end that ends with a white mouth and has a width equal to the diameter of the front end of the body. The rear end ends with the anus and has a width equal to the diameter of the rear end of the body. The upper surface is whole dark green or leafy green, looks shiny and has no other additional color features. The bottom surface is lighter or brownish green. The skin is wrinkled like tight, elastic joints that make it possible to lengthen the body. Giant green leech moves forward by extending the tip of the front of the body to keep the new location farther away and this movement is then followed by the middle body and gradually the rear where the body moves completely. R. hijau does not suck blo

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red