Skip to main content

Kencur (Kaempferia galanga)

Kencur (Kaempferia galanga) is a plant species in Zingiberaceae, annual terna, low basal stem, approximately 20 cm, growing in clumps in the lowlands or mountains that do not require much water and are widely cultivated for tubers as spices and stimulants.

K. galanga has leaves attached to the ground surface. The leaves are arranged as a root rozet or alternately on the stem, wake lancet and pinnate or parallel bone. The leaf stalks turn into split midribs which sometimes have tongue and pseudo stem which are immersed in the ground, 1.5-3.5 cm long and white.

Dlium Kencur (Kaempferia galanga)

The number of leaves is no more than 2-3 strands, green with brownish red and wavy edges. Oval-shaped leaves wide to round, 7-15 cm long, 2-8 cm wide, pointed tip, curved base, smooth edge and smooth haired lower surface. A large pulse makes a ditch in the middle.

Single flower, 2.5-5 cm long, half seated and asymmetrical. Stamens have a length of 4 mm and are yellow. Pistil white or purplish white. The crown has a dominant white color. Haous pistil stems in a groove of stamens. Fruit will sink, has 3 chambers or 1 basal or parietal placenta that supports many ovaries.

Yellow fiber roots, short brown rhizomes, finger-shaped and blunt, the outside is shiny and has a specific aroma, the inside is white with soft flesh and not fibrous. The swollen Rizoma is like a tuber with thick roots and often has spaces filled with oil.

Kencur grows at an altitude of 50-700 m, temperature 20-30C, rainfall 1500-4000 mm/year with 5-9 months wet and 5-6 months dry, good soil drainage, texture of clay to sandy clay loam, less land slope of 3%, pH 5.5 to 6.5 and an open place that gets full sun, but requires a light shade.

K. galanga is widely cultivated for harvesting tubers which are processed as fresh drinks, cooking spices and natural dyes. Rhizome is also to treat coughs, itching in the throat, flatulence, nausea, colds, aches, tetanus and the cosmetics industry.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Genus: Kaempferia
Species: Kaempferia galanga
Varieties: Kaempferia galanga var. galanga, Kaempferia galanga var. latifolia



Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles ( Amorphophallus muelleri ) is a plant species in Araceae, the petiole is a pseudo stem with a height of 40-180 cm, 1-5 cm in diameter, round, green or purple with irregular white spots, each branching point grows brown bulbil and yellow bulb. A. muelleri has all leaves or stems or stems that are light green to dark green or gray and has greenish-white patches, smooth or smooth surface. The leaves are elliptical in shape with pointed leaf tips, smooth and wavy surface. When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaves branching with 3 minor petioles. Young leaves have light purple or green edges and will end in yellow and 0.3-0.5 mm wide. The whole canopy is 50-150 cm wide. The stems grow above the tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and a height of 75-175 cm. Tubers have a brownish yellow or gray color on the outer surface and brownish yellow on the inside, are slightly oval in shape, fibrous roots, weigh 450-3350 grams, smooth tissue, 4-5 months of dormanc

Javan broadhead planarian (Bipalium javanum)

Cacing palu or Javan broadhead planarian ( Bipalium javanum ) is a species of animal in Geoplanidae, hermaphrodite, living on the ground, predators, often called only hammerhead or broadhead or shovel worms because of wide heads and simple copulatory organs. B. javanum has a slim stature, up to 20 cm long, up to 0.5 cm wide, head wide up to 1 cm or less, small neck, widening in the middle and the back end is rounded, all black and shiny. Javan broadhead planarians walk above ground level by raising their heads and actively looking left, right and looking up using strong neck muscles. Move swiftly, track meander, climb to get through all obstacles or make a new path if the obstacle is too high. Cacing palu track and prey on earthworms and mollusks. They use muscles and sticky secretions to attach themselves to prey to lock in. The head and ends of the body are wrapped around and continue to close the body to stop prey reactions. They produce tetrodotoxins which are very strong

China rose (Rosa chinensis)

Mawar or Bengal rose or China rose ( Rosa chinensis ) is a plant species in Rosaceae, shrubs up to 1-2 m tall, growing on fences or forming bushes. Leaf pinnate, 3-5 leaflets, each 2.5-6 cm long and 1-3 cm wide. The plant has three varieties is R. chinensis var. chinensis, R. chinensis var. spontanea and R. chinensis var. semperflorens. R. chinensis has pink, red and white petals. Solitary flowers, usually four or five bundles together and have a mild aroma. Hermaphrodite flowers have radial symmetry for diameters of 4-5 cm. Strong branches, sturdy thorns decorate each path, young stems have dark green tree bark and woody old stems have purplish brown color. The leaves are arranged alternately from the petiole and downy. Leaf pinnate, ovoid with rounded base, tapered tip and sharp saw edge. The top leaves are dark green and shiny. Various forms of mawar have been cultivated in the garden for a long time, many varieties of garden roses and hibidation as tea roses and so on hy