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Kencur (Kaempferia galanga)

Kencur (Kaempferia galanga) is a plant species in Zingiberaceae, annual terna, low basal stem, approximately 20 cm, growing in clumps in the lowlands or mountains that do not require much water and are widely cultivated for tubers as spices and stimulants.

K. galanga has leaves attached to the ground surface. The leaves are arranged as a root rozet or alternately on the stem, wake lancet and pinnate or parallel bone. The leaf stalks turn into split midribs which sometimes have tongue and pseudo stem which are immersed in the ground, 1.5-3.5 cm long and white.

Dlium Kencur (Kaempferia galanga)

The number of leaves is no more than 2-3 strands, green with brownish red and wavy edges. Oval-shaped leaves wide to round, 7-15 cm long, 2-8 cm wide, pointed tip, curved base, smooth edge and smooth haired lower surface. A large pulse makes a ditch in the middle.

Single flower, 2.5-5 cm long, half seated and asymmetrical. Stamens have a length of 4 mm and are yellow. Pistil white or purplish white. The crown has a dominant white color. Haous pistil stems in a groove of stamens. Fruit will sink, has 3 chambers or 1 basal or parietal placenta that supports many ovaries.

Yellow fiber roots, short brown rhizomes, finger-shaped and blunt, the outside is shiny and has a specific aroma, the inside is white with soft flesh and not fibrous. The swollen Rizoma is like a tuber with thick roots and often has spaces filled with oil.

Kencur grows at an altitude of 50-700 m, temperature 20-30C, rainfall 1500-4000 mm/year with 5-9 months wet and 5-6 months dry, good soil drainage, texture of clay to sandy clay loam, less land slope of 3%, pH 5.5 to 6.5 and an open place that gets full sun, but requires a light shade.

K. galanga is widely cultivated for harvesting tubers which are processed as fresh drinks, cooking spices and natural dyes. Rhizome is also to treat coughs, itching in the throat, flatulence, nausea, colds, aches, tetanus and the cosmetics industry.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Genus: Kaempferia
Species: Kaempferia galanga
Varieties: Kaempferia galanga var. galanga, Kaempferia galanga var. latifolia



Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a plant species in Araceae, the leaves are pseudo stems with a height of 40-180 cm and a diameter of 1-5 cm, tubular, green with irregular white patches, each branching point grows bulbil colored brown and yellow tubers.

A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.

When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

Stems grow on tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and height 75-175 cm. The color of the tuber is brownish or beige on the outer surface and brownish on the inside, rather oval and stringy roots, weight 450-3350 grams, fine tissue, 4-5 months dormant period and 35-55% glucomannan content.

Anzac flower (Montanoa hibiscifolia)

Anzac flower (Montanoa hibiscifolia) is a plant species in Asteraceae, shrubs up to 6 meters high, rarely branched, terete stems with a soft sponge-like center, growing wild along forest boundaries, waterways and disturbed lands.

M. hibiscifolia has a row of leaves arranged opposite, stem length 1-17 cm, terete, has hair, length 9-42 cm, width 4-25 cm, base of round heart shape, irregular jagged, ciliated, has five to seven lobes, accumulating at the apex, the upper surface is dark green and the lower surface is pale green.

The flowers of the discs have 2-6 cm long stems, panicle cymose, many in the terminal and branching. The green crown turns yellow and 4 cm wide. Small achenes, 0.3-0.5 cm long, reddish brown, apex gland and four angles.

Anzac flower fills the savanna vegetation, river banks, ditches, rainforest edges, road sides, neglected and disturbed lands. Interesting white flowers and leaves are often used for living fences and ornamental plants.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheoph…

Cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans)

Drasena or cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans) is a species of flowering plant in Asparagaceae, a shrub that grows slowly, is very adaptive and inhabits in altitude regions of 600-2250 m, multistemmed at the base, up to 15 m high or higher with narrow, upright and slender crowns.

D. fragrans has a round stem with a diameter of up to 30 cm, young plants have a single stem and are not branched with a rosette of leaves to the ends, producing two or more new stems with subsequent flowering episodes.

Lanceolate leaves, 20-150 cm long, 2-12 cm wide, green overall or yellow vertical stripes follow the bone trench in the middle for some varieties, shiny, upright young leaves to spread and larger leaves droop due to weight.

The flowers in panicles are 15-160 cm long, individual flowers have a diameter of 2.5 cm with a six-lobed corolla, are pink and open white with the center having a red or purple line on each lobe for 7-12 mm, very fragrant and popular with pollinating insects.

The berries …