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Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata)

Keprok or mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata) is plant species in Rutaceae, erect, sessile-elliptic leaves and do not have wings or small, small flowers, fruit has a medium size, the skin is easily speeled, the membrane is easily removed, the tip sometimes has a bun, small seeds, polyembrioni, cotyledons and green.

C. reticulata has a height of 2-8 meters, the stem has a round or half round shape, has a branching and has no thorns. Leaves have a stem with a length of 0.5-1.5 cm, have very narrow wings or no wings at all.

Dlium Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata)

The leaves have an elongated, elliptical or lancet shape with a blunt base and a pointed tip like a spear. The upper surface is dark green and shiny, the lower surface is light green, 4-8 cm long and 1.5-4 cm wide.

Flowers have a diameter of 1.5-2.5 cm and a white crown. Ball-shaped fruit with a pressure of 5-8 cm long, 0.2-0.3 cm thick skin and orange flesh. Flowers are pollinated with the help of bees, self-pollinating or parthenocarpy.

Mandarin orange grows in the tropics and subtropics, optimal temperature is 25-30C, optimum humidity is 70-80%, altitude is 100-1300 m, fertile soil, loose, contains a lot of organic matter, high porosity with pH 5-6, rainfall 1500- 2,000 mm/year with 4-7 months rainy season and 4-6 months dry season.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Species: Citrus reticulata



Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a plant species in Araceae, the leaves are pseudo stems with a height of 40-180 cm and a diameter of 1-5 cm, tubular, green with irregular white patches, each branching point grows bulbil colored brown and yellow tubers.

A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.

When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

Stems grow on tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and height 75-175 cm. The color of the tuber is brownish or beige on the outer surface and brownish on the inside, rather oval and stringy roots, weight 450-3350 grams, fine tissue, 4-5 months dormant period and 35-55% glucomannan content.

Anzac flower (Montanoa hibiscifolia)

Anzac flower (Montanoa hibiscifolia) is a plant species in Asteraceae, shrubs up to 6 meters high, rarely branched, terete stems with a soft sponge-like center, growing wild along forest boundaries, waterways and disturbed lands.

M. hibiscifolia has a row of leaves arranged opposite, stem length 1-17 cm, terete, has hair, length 9-42 cm, width 4-25 cm, base of round heart shape, irregular jagged, ciliated, has five to seven lobes, accumulating at the apex, the upper surface is dark green and the lower surface is pale green.

The flowers of the discs have 2-6 cm long stems, panicle cymose, many in the terminal and branching. The green crown turns yellow and 4 cm wide. Small achenes, 0.3-0.5 cm long, reddish brown, apex gland and four angles.

Anzac flower fills the savanna vegetation, river banks, ditches, rainforest edges, road sides, neglected and disturbed lands. Interesting white flowers and leaves are often used for living fences and ornamental plants.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheoph…

Cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans)

Drasena or cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans) is a species of flowering plant in Asparagaceae, a shrub that grows slowly, is very adaptive and inhabits in altitude regions of 600-2250 m, multistemmed at the base, up to 15 m high or higher with narrow, upright and slender crowns.

D. fragrans has a round stem with a diameter of up to 30 cm, young plants have a single stem and are not branched with a rosette of leaves to the ends, producing two or more new stems with subsequent flowering episodes.

Lanceolate leaves, 20-150 cm long, 2-12 cm wide, green overall or yellow vertical stripes follow the bone trench in the middle for some varieties, shiny, upright young leaves to spread and larger leaves droop due to weight.

The flowers in panicles are 15-160 cm long, individual flowers have a diameter of 2.5 cm with a six-lobed corolla, are pink and open white with the center having a red or purple line on each lobe for 7-12 mm, very fragrant and popular with pollinating insects.

The berries …