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Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata)

Keprok or mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata) is plant species in Rutaceae, erect, sessile-elliptic leaves and do not have wings or small, small flowers, fruit has a medium size, the skin is easily speeled, the membrane is easily removed, the tip sometimes has a bun, small seeds, polyembrioni, cotyledons and green.

C. reticulata has a height of 2-8 meters, the stem has a round or half round shape, has a branching and has no thorns. Leaves have a stem with a length of 0.5-1.5 cm, have very narrow wings or no wings at all.

Dlium Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata)


The leaves have an elongated, elliptical or lancet shape with a blunt base and a pointed tip like a spear. The upper surface is dark green and shiny, the lower surface is light green, 4-8 cm long and 1.5-4 cm wide.

Flowers have a diameter of 1.5-2.5 cm and a white crown. Ball-shaped fruit with a pressure of 5-8 cm long, 0.2-0.3 cm thick skin and orange flesh. Flowers are pollinated with the help of bees, self-pollinating or parthenocarpy.

Mandarin orange grows in the tropics and subtropics, optimal temperature is 25-30C, optimum humidity is 70-80%, altitude is 100-1300 m, fertile soil, loose, contains a lot of organic matter, high porosity with pH 5-6, rainfall 1500- 2,000 mm/year with 4-7 months rainy season and 4-6 months dry season.



Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Species: Citrus reticulata

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