Skip to main content

Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata)

Keprok or mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata) is plant species in Rutaceae, erect, sessile-elliptic leaves and do not have wings or small, small flowers, fruit has a medium size, the skin is easily speeled, the membrane is easily removed, the tip sometimes has a bun, small seeds, polyembrioni, cotyledons and green.

C. reticulata has a height of 2-8 meters, the stem has a round or half round shape, has a branching and has no thorns. Leaves have a stem with a length of 0.5-1.5 cm, have very narrow wings or no wings at all.

Dlium Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata)

The leaves have an elongated, elliptical or lancet shape with a blunt base and a pointed tip like a spear. The upper surface is dark green and shiny, the lower surface is light green, 4-8 cm long and 1.5-4 cm wide.

Flowers have a diameter of 1.5-2.5 cm and a white crown. Ball-shaped fruit with a pressure of 5-8 cm long, 0.2-0.3 cm thick skin and orange flesh. Flowers are pollinated with the help of bees, self-pollinating or parthenocarpy.

Mandarin orange grows in the tropics and subtropics, optimal temperature is 25-30C, optimum humidity is 70-80%, altitude is 100-1300 m, fertile soil, loose, contains a lot of organic matter, high porosity with pH 5-6, rainfall 1500- 2,000 mm/year with 4-7 months rainy season and 4-6 months dry season.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Species: Citrus reticulata



Salak (Salacca zalacca)

Salak or snake fruit ( Salacca zalacca ) is a species of palm plant in Arecaceae, dioesis, shrubs and not trunked, has many thorns, many shoots, grows into dense and strong clumps, spreads below or above the ground, often branching and 10-15 cm diameter. S. zalacca has compound leaves, pinnate and 3-7 m long. Petiole, midrib and sapling have many long thorns, thin spines and a blackish-gray color. Minor leaves have a lanceolate shape, a pointed tip, 8x85 cm and a white underside by a waxy coating. The flowers in the cob are compound, appear in the armpit of the leaf, stem, initially covered by a sheath then dry and break down like fibers. Male flowers 50-100 cm long, 4-12 cylindrical items, 7-15 cm long, reddish in the armpits of tightly arranged scales. Female flowers 20-30 cm long, stemmed long and 1-3 items. The fruit has scaly skin, is eaten and is known as a table fruit, triangular shaped rather rounded or inverted ovoid, pointed at the base and rounded at the tip, 2.5-10

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red

Guinea grass (Panicum maximum)

Guinea grass or buffalo grass or green panic ( Panicum maximum ) is a plant species in Poaceae, annual grasses, growing upright to form clumps, strong, cultivated in all tropical and subtropical regions for very high value as fodder. P. maximum reproduces in very large pols, fibrous roots penetrate into the soil, upright stems, green, 1-1.5 m tall and have smooth cavities for diameters up to 2.5 mm. Propagation is done vegetatively and generatively. Ribbon-shaped leaves with a pointed tip, very many, built in lines, green, 40-105 cm long, 10-30 mm wide, erect, branched, a white linear bone, often covered with a layer of white wax, rough surface by hair short, dense and spread. The flower grows at the end of a long and upright stalk, open with the main axis length to more than 25 cm and the length of the bunches down to 20 cm. Grains have a size of 3x4 mm and oval. Seeds have a length of 2.25-2.50 mm and each 1 kg contains 1.2 - 1.5 million seeds. Guinea grass has two varieties. P