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Ruby leaf (Alternanthera brasiliana)

Bayam ungu or ruby leaf (Alternanthera brasiliana) is a plant species in Amaranthaceae, herbaceous, chronic and extensive, growing up to 3 meters tall, shedding leaves in the dry season, has a good adaptation for many latitudes, flowering at any time of the year and pompom-shaped.

A. brasiliana has fibrous and strong roots. The stem is tubular, woody, slender and straight, the branches are paired and form a trident, red or green or purple depending on the cultivar and the buds have fine hair that will fall out as they mature.

Dlium Ruby leaf (Alternanthera brasiliana)


Paired leaves, oval shaped, blunt base, sharp tip, 1-10 cm long, 0.7-5 cm wide, a bone in the middle with several pinnate veins, the upper surface is red or purple or blackish green and the lower surface is red or maroon.

Flowers are white in small clusters, have stems of 3-10 cm, 7-20 mm in the top leaf branches. Brown fruit, 1.5-2 mm long, contains a seed which is generally hidden in an older part of the flower.

Ruby leaves grow wild in full sun on moist soil and are well drained in secondary forests, roadside and abandoned lands. Widely used as an ornamental plant with many cultivars. These are often harvested for antiviral and anti-diarrhea agents.







Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Amaranthaceae
Subfamily: Gomphrenoideae
Genus: Alternanthera
Species: Alternanthera brasiliana

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