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Philippine violet (Barleria cristata)

Philippine violet (Barleria cristata) is a plant species in the Acanthaceae, erect stems up to 2 m high, terete stems, branched, covered with soft trichomes, grows wild on roadsides, slopes, along rivers, xeric vegetation at altitudes of 100-2600 m and many used as an ornamental and medicinal plant.

B. cristata has a petiole for a length of 0.3-1 cm, leaf blade oval to oblong ovate, rounded base, pointed tip, 2-10 cm long, 1-4 cm wide, a bone in the middle, the villi surface especially along the veins, 4-7 secondary veins on each side of the midvein, base cuneate and decurrent to the stalk.

Dlium Philippine violet (Barleria cristata)

Inflorescences of axillary cymes are short and dense, short pedunculate, variable bracteoles, linear to linear-lanceolate, 2.4-6.5 cm long, 0.5-1.5 cm wide, 3-7 veins, cuneate base, usually spiny edges but sometimes accumulates and becomes spinescent with time and sharp peaks.

The outer petal lobes are ovoid into a narrow ellipse to lanceolate, 1.2-2.5 cm long, 0.5-1.3 cm wide, pilose, reticular vein, spiny edge, apex mucronate. The inner petal lobes are linear to lanceolate, 6-12 mm, 1 veined and margin scarious.

The corolla is purplish blue, 4.5-6.5 cm and the outside is pilose. The tube at the base is a narrow cylinder then gradually widens. The lobes are oval or elliptical and 1.5 cm. Four stamens and didynamous. The filaments accumulate primarily towards the base, a staminode and rarely pilose filaments.

The ovary is ellipsoid and glabrous, the force is linear, 2.5 cm and the stigma is slightly increased. The capsules are 1.2-1.8 cm wide, bare and contain 4 seeds, subglobose to ovate, 4-5 mm long and 4 mm wide.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Subfamily: Acanthoideae
Tribe: Barlerieae
Genus: Barleria
Species: Barleria cristata



Cotton stainer bugs (Dysdercus)

Cotton stainer bug ( Dysdercus ) is a genus in Pyrrhocoridae, the imago and nymph phases have black and red colors, three pairs of limbs of the same length and differ only in the size of the limbs of each segment, the limbs on the femur are slightly larger than the tarsus and tibia. Dysdercus has a mouth consisting of a rostum and a stylet. The rostume is located on the anterior part of the head, is elongated and segmented as a wrapper for the stylet. This sucker is formed by the food tract and salivary tract. The nymphs undergo several molting processes to become imago. The species in Dysdercus consume plant fluids wherein the nymphs perform in groups, whereas the imago does more individually. They trample the stems of plants regularly and form long rows. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Subphylum: Hexapoda Class: Insecta Subclass: Pterygota Order: Hemiptera Suborder: Heteroptera Infraorder: Pentatomomorpha Superfamily: Pyrrhocoroidea Family: Pyrrhocoridae Genus: Dysdercus

Salak (Salacca zalacca)

Salak or snake fruit ( Salacca zalacca ) is a species of palm plant in Arecaceae, dioesis, shrubs and not trunked, has many thorns, many shoots, grows into dense and strong clumps, spreads below or above the ground, often branching and 10-15 cm diameter. S. zalacca has compound leaves, pinnate and 3-7 m long. Petiole, midrib and sapling have many long thorns, thin spines and a blackish-gray color. Minor leaves have a lanceolate shape, a pointed tip, 8x85 cm and a white underside by a waxy coating. The flowers in the cob are compound, appear in the armpit of the leaf, stem, initially covered by a sheath then dry and break down like fibers. Male flowers 50-100 cm long, 4-12 cylindrical items, 7-15 cm long, reddish in the armpits of tightly arranged scales. Female flowers 20-30 cm long, stemmed long and 1-3 items. The fruit has scaly skin, is eaten and is known as a table fruit, triangular shaped rather rounded or inverted ovoid, pointed at the base and rounded at the tip, 2.5-10

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red