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Songotan (Pogostemon auricularius)

Songotan (Pogostemon auricularius) is a species of plant in Lamiaceae, a perennial shrub that grows upright, 30-80 cm high, simple or loose branched stems, weak, blunt 4 corners, hair spread, pink, has strong bolts and grows wild in the forest, tidal areas and roadsides.

P. auricularius has leaves oval or elliptical or ovoid, 4-6 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, cuneate base, pointed tip, serrated edges that are irregular except near the base, hairy, a bone in the middle and several veins that is pinnate. The petiole is 2-10 mm long and hairy.

Dlium Songotan (Pogostemon auricularius)

The inflorescences consist of dense verticillasters, forming dense terminal spikes and 4-10 cm long. Narrow elliptical bracts and long ciliates. Subcampanulation petals, dotted outer glandular, 1.2-1.5 mm long, has 5 unequal teeth, triangles and cilia.

The petals are urn-shaped, 2.5-3.5 mm long and teeth often appear above the shoots. The crown has a size of 2-3.5 mm, a slender, protruding tube, 4 lobes, equal, blunt, pubescent and pale pink or white in color. Stamens 4 strands, subequal, filament length 3.5-4 mm, slender, upper half villi and purple.

The fruit consists of ellipsoid bean-shaped seeds, 0.6 mm long, 0.4 mm wide, smooth reticulate and brown in color. The seeds germinate epigeal, hypocotyl 1-2 mm and glandular. Triangular cotyledons, 2 mm long and blunt apex. Epicotyl hair and greenish to purplish in color.

Shoots have the first 2 leaves, ovate, 3.5 mm long, crenate edges, prominent nerves, hairy and glandular at the bottom. Songotan grows in sunny areas, bordered by ditches, dams and rice fields in grassy desert and scrub at altitudes up to 2000 m.

Songotan is used to treat simple stomach problems in children, flatulence, diarrhea, intestinal worms, mouth sores, kidney problems, sore throat, malaria, rheumatism, diuretics or antipyretics, anti-carcinogens and menstrual pain. The leaves are also used as an insecticide for stored cereals.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Lamioideae
Tribe: Pogostemoneae
Genus: Pogostemon
Species: Pogostemon auricularius



God is tools

OPINION - God and spirit are controversial discussions in science and even mythology will have no place among naturalists and for Darwinians. Apparently this has been final that mythology is a delusional, mystical and superstitious concept that cannot be empirically proven in the world of science.

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I am a fieldman who goes to the wild every day, along rice fields and forests to watch insects to plants, talk to people especially in villages, visit Hindu-Buddhist temples built in the 8th century, witnessing busyness in mosques, temples and churches.

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Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

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A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.

When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

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Mawar or Bengal rose or China rose (Rosa chinensis) is a plant species in Rosaceae, shrubs up to 1-2 m tall, growing on fences or forming bushes. Leaf pinnate, 3-5 leaflets, each 2.5-6 cm long and 1-3 cm wide. The plant has three varieties is R. chinensis var. chinensis, R. chinensis var. spontanea and R. chinensis var. semperflorens.

R. chinensis has pink, red and white petals. Solitary flowers, usually four or five bundles together and have a mild aroma. Hermaphrodite flowers have radial symmetry for diameters of 4-5 cm.

Strong branches, sturdy thorns decorate each path, young stems have dark green tree bark and woody old stems have purplish brown color. The leaves are arranged alternately from the petiole and downy. Leaf pinnate, ovoid with rounded base, tapered tip and sharp saw edge. The top leaves are dark green and shiny.

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