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Common grass yellow (Eurema hecabe)

Common grass yellow (Eurema hecabe) is a species of animal in Pieridae, small butterflies fly close to the ground and open grass with scrub habitats, yellow and some black spots, usually show seasonal polyphenism and live in a colony.

E. hecabe with lepidopteran has a darker summer morph, triggered by long days of more than 13 hours duration, whereas diurnal periods shorter than 12 hours or less induce brighter morphs in the post monsoon period.

Dlium Common grass yellow (Eurema hecabe)

The upper wing on the front has two black stripes and a larger rectangular mark. Males and females have a sulfur yellow to lemon yellow wing surface depending on the season and location.

Eggs were laid in Abrus precatorius, Falcataria moluccana, Acacia, Aeschynomene, Euphorbiaceae and Cucurbitaceae etc. Females can distinguish colors when selecting host plants for oviposition. Larvae are long, green, leathery, cylindrical with large heads.

The pupa has long ribbons, rounded abdominal segments and wing flaps fused to form a deep sharp keel. The head shell ends with a short pointed snout. Solitary but sometimes on a large number of twigs. Some Wolbachia strains can change the sex ratio of species.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Insecta
Subclass: Pterygota
Order: Lepidoptera
Superfamily: Papilionoidea
Family: Pieridae
Subfamily: Coliadinae
Genus: Eurema
Species: Eurema hecabe
Subspecies: Eurema hecabe ssp. contubernalis, Eurema hecabe ssp. hecabe, Eurema hecabe ssp. latilimbata, Eurema hecabe ssp. oeta, Eurema hecabe ssp. phoebus, Eurema hecabe ssp. solifera, Eurema hecabe ssp. novaecaledoniae, Eurema hecabe ssp. sulphurata, Eurema hecabe ssp. senegalensis



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Lawe (Abroma augustum)

Lawe or devil's cotton ( Abroma augustum ) is a plant species in Malvaceae, a small tree or bush that is erect, up to 10 m tall but generally 2-3 m tall, stems and twigs covered with star hair that are sharp, brittle and cause skin itching, sometimes also with glandular hair. A. augustum has a single leaf, alternating, has a long stalk, a heart-shaped base, a pointed tip with a very variable base whose leaves near the base of the branch have a circular shape from the egg to the heart, 3-5 curves, diameter 20-37 cm, while the leaves near the tips of twigs have elongated shapes with smooth toothed edges. The flowers gather in cymes at the tips of the twigs or face leaves, 1-4 buds, 1-3 cm long stems and 6-8 mm bractea. Hanging flowers, 3-5 cm in diameter, 5 angles and 1-3.5 cm long stems. The petals have 5 leaves, share a deep, triangular, 15-20 mm long, 6 mm wide and greenish. The crown has 5 leaves, spoon-shaped, 2-3.5 cm long, 1 cm wide, dark purple or red or yellow, concave an

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red