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Common grass yellow (Eurema hecabe)

Common grass yellow (Eurema hecabe) is a species of animal in Pieridae, small butterflies fly close to the ground and open grass with scrub habitats, yellow and some black spots, usually show seasonal polyphenism and live in a colony.

E. hecabe with lepidopteran has a darker summer morph, triggered by long days of more than 13 hours duration, whereas diurnal periods shorter than 12 hours or less induce brighter morphs in the post monsoon period.

Dlium Common grass yellow (Eurema hecabe)

The upper wing on the front has two black stripes and a larger rectangular mark. Males and females have a sulfur yellow to lemon yellow wing surface depending on the season and location.

Eggs were laid in Abrus precatorius, Falcataria moluccana, Acacia, Aeschynomene, Euphorbiaceae and Cucurbitaceae etc. Females can distinguish colors when selecting host plants for oviposition. Larvae are long, green, leathery, cylindrical with large heads.

The pupa has long ribbons, rounded abdominal segments and wing flaps fused to form a deep sharp keel. The head shell ends with a short pointed snout. Solitary but sometimes on a large number of twigs. Some Wolbachia strains can change the sex ratio of species.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Insecta
Subclass: Pterygota
Order: Lepidoptera
Superfamily: Papilionoidea
Family: Pieridae
Subfamily: Coliadinae
Genus: Eurema
Species: Eurema hecabe
Subspecies: Eurema hecabe ssp. contubernalis, Eurema hecabe ssp. hecabe, Eurema hecabe ssp. latilimbata, Eurema hecabe ssp. oeta, Eurema hecabe ssp. phoebus, Eurema hecabe ssp. solifera, Eurema hecabe ssp. novaecaledoniae, Eurema hecabe ssp. sulphurata, Eurema hecabe ssp. senegalensis



Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a plant species in Araceae, the leaves are pseudo stems with a height of 40-180 cm and a diameter of 1-5 cm, tubular, green with irregular white patches, each branching point grows bulbil colored brown and yellow tubers.

A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.

When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

Stems grow on tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and height 75-175 cm. The color of the tuber is brownish or beige on the outer surface and brownish on the inside, rather oval and stringy roots, weight 450-3350 grams, fine tissue, 4-5 months dormant period and 35-55% glucomannan content.

God is tools

OPINION - God and spirit are controversial discussions in science and even mythology will have no place among naturalists and for Darwinians. Apparently this has been final that mythology is a delusional, mystical and superstitious concept that cannot be empirically proven in the world of science.

Most scientists and science activists have agreed that god is nonsense, delusional and cannot be accommodated in the theory of evolution. This opinion can be understood methodologically and I agree with the sentences. But so many behaviors are very real and occur in the field.

I am a fieldman who goes to the wild every day, along rice fields and forests to watch insects to plants, talk to people especially in villages, visit Hindu-Buddhist temples built in the 8th century, witnessing busyness in mosques, temples and churches.

I feel something is missing in the view of naturalists and Darwinians. There are short moments that are missed in analyzes in the timeline of human evolution. These lit…

Javanese grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis)

Wooden grasshoppers or wooden walang or Javanese grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis) are grasshopper species in Acrididae and have around 18 subspecies, most of which are endemic to various island groups in Indonesia. This insect has a very broad sexual dimorphism where males have a length of 45-55 millimeters and females 15-75 mm.

V. nigricornis is yellowish brown or yellowish or green with bluish black marks. The back wing is rose red when flying. The nymphs are pale green and dark. They live in forests, bushes and really like the leaves of the giant sensitive plant (Mimosa diplotricha) and giant sensitive tree (Mimosa pigra).

Javanese grasshopper has one generation every year where four eggs are placed on moist soil in forest clearing. The eggs are not active throughout the dry season and it takes six to eight months to hatch.

The eggs hatch into nymphs and pass seven instar stages before becoming winged adults. Wood grasshoppers are solitary insects and do not form flocks, but outbre…