Skip to main content

Genduru (Caryota mitis)

Genduru (Caryota mitis) is a plant species in Arecaceae, a tree-shaped palm, often living in clumps, trunk up to 15 meters high, up to 15 cm in diameter, hard bark, black and strong, when young it has ring-shaped fibers.

C. mitis has pinnate, double leaves and fin-shaped minor leaves. The leaves are up to 3 meters long, grow spreading and extending upwards and are shiny green. Minor leaves have a size of 7-20 cm, oblique, slightly tapered and serrated.

Dlium Genduru (Caryota mitis)

Inflorescences in panicles, branching and hanging. The bunches appear from beneath the leaves or out from the middle of the stem. The first inflorescence grows near the end of the stem and the other younger inflorescences grow under the stem regularly and successively.

Male flowers have a large number, 1 cm long, red with red dots. Sepals are wide, 8 petals and cup-shaped, many stamens with clumped stalks at the base of the flower. The female flowers bloom almost simultaneously and are purple to red-brown in color.

The fruit is round, red in color and turns purple or dark red or dark blue when ripe. The pulp is brittle and slightly stringy. Seeds are round. Genduru grows in lowland forests up to an altitude of 1300 m.

The fruit and leaves contain oxalate crystals which cause itching on the skin. The trunk is used as a wheel. Sago is white to eat when food is scarce even though it has a bitter taste. The stem fibers are dried to make a spongy fibrous cloth.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Caryoteae
Genus: Caryota
Species: Caryota mitis



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Soapbush (Clidemia hirta)

Senggani bulu or soapbush or Koster's curse ( Clidemia hirta ) is a species of tropical plants, perennial shrubs, grows as high as 0.5-3 m, but sometimes reaches 5 m in more shady habitat, young stems are round and covered with hair, stiff, reddish brown. C. hirta has simple leaves arranged opposite to the stem, oval-shaped in a wide line at the base with a pointed tip and almost entirely to a smooth jagged margin. The upper surface is rarely covered with hair, while the lower surface has thick hair. The leaves have a rather tangled appearance and five main veins are straight, curved and spread in parallel from the base of the leaf to the tip. Minor veins spread transversely and straightly that connect the five main veins. The flowers are arranged in small clusters at the ends of branches, growing on very short stems and having five white petals or sometimes pale pinks. The base of the flower is covered with a mixture of coarse and sticky hair, five sepals but these are ver

Melinjo (Gnetum gnemon)

Melinjo or belinjo or tangkil ( Gnetum gnemon ) is a species of gymnosperms in Gnetaceae, dioecious, tree-shaped, living wild but also widely planted in the yard as a shade or barrier where seeds, seed coat and young leaves are processed into food. G. gnemon is a tree and has a straight trunk, this is different from other Gnetum which is usually a liana. Annual plants with open seeds, do not produce true flowers and fruit. Fake fruit is basically a seed wrapped in a layer of aryl fleshy. Single leaf oval and blunt tip. Melinjo live for more than 100 years, 25 m tall and produce 80-100 kg of seeds per harvest. They adapt to a wide temperature range and are very easy to find in various areas except the coast. Grows in forests, plantations and home gardens. Plants are propagated by generative and vegetative methods. Belinjo can be found in arid, tropical regions and does not require highly nutritious soils or special climates. Grow on clay, sandy and calcareous soil at an altitude of