Skip to main content

Javan cardamom (Amomum compactum)

Kapulaga or Javan cardamom (Amomum compactum) is a plant species in the Zingiberaceae, a strong, chronic herb, aromatic in various parts, a rhizome that grows underground, slightly rounded, yellowish-white, often used as a spice for certain dishes and a mixture of herbs.

A. compactum has pseudo-stems that appear somewhat scattered in a colony, growing upright to 2 m high, rounded, up to 2.5 cm in diameter and dark green. Roots 1-2 cm, yellowish white and covered with scales.

Dlium Javan cardamom (Amomum compactum)

The leaves are arranged alternately, have no stalk, lanceolate shape, 7.5-50 cm long, 3-10 cm wide, slowly narrows at the base, pointed tip with 3 cm long apex, dark green and shiny with many spots initially white but ultimately red.

Inflorescences arise directly from the rhizome, separate from the artificial stem and sometimes partially submerge in the soil. The bunches have stalks up to 10 cm long and covered with dense scales.

The petals are tubular, 1.3 cm long and have hair. The crown is in the form of a tuba, has 3 leaves each 8 mm long, has an oval ribbon shape and is white or yellowish in color.

Labellum round egg-wide, 15-18 mm long, 10-15 mm wide, narrow base, smooth hair on the inside, yellow in color with a dark purple or white center band with a yellow middle band flanked by purple lines.

The fruit is a slightly depressed round capsule, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, tightly lined and has short smooth hair, crowned with floral adornments. The seeds are small, protected in whitish aryles.

Kapulaga grows wild in hills, high humidity, rainfall 2,500-4,000 mm/year, annual temperature 23-28C, shade, soils with good dreinase, pH 5-6,8 and has a high organic matter content.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Genus: Amomum
Species: Amomum compactum



God is tools

OPINION - God and spirit are controversial discussions in science and even mythology will have no place among naturalists and for Darwinians. Apparently this has been final that mythology is a delusional, mystical and superstitious concept that cannot be empirically proven in the world of science.

Most scientists and science activists have agreed that god is nonsense, delusional and cannot be accommodated in the theory of evolution. This opinion can be understood methodologically and I agree with the sentences. But so many behaviors are very real and occur in the field.

I am a fieldman who goes to the wild every day, along rice fields and forests to watch insects to plants, talk to people especially in villages, visit Hindu-Buddhist temples built in the 8th century, witnessing busyness in mosques, temples and churches.

I feel something is missing in the view of naturalists and Darwinians. There are short moments that are missed in analyzes in the timeline of human evolution. These lit…

Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a plant species in Araceae, the leaves are pseudo stems with a height of 40-180 cm and a diameter of 1-5 cm, tubular, green with irregular white patches, each branching point grows bulbil colored brown and yellow tubers.

A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.

When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

Stems grow on tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and height 75-175 cm. The color of the tuber is brownish or beige on the outer surface and brownish on the inside, rather oval and stringy roots, weight 450-3350 grams, fine tissue, 4-5 months dormant period and 35-55% glucomannan content.

China rose (Rosa chinensis)

Mawar or Bengal rose or China rose (Rosa chinensis) is a plant species in Rosaceae, shrubs up to 1-2 m tall, growing on fences or forming bushes. Leaf pinnate, 3-5 leaflets, each 2.5-6 cm long and 1-3 cm wide. The plant has three varieties is R. chinensis var. chinensis, R. chinensis var. spontanea and R. chinensis var. semperflorens.

R. chinensis has pink, red and white petals. Solitary flowers, usually four or five bundles together and have a mild aroma. Hermaphrodite flowers have radial symmetry for diameters of 4-5 cm.

Strong branches, sturdy thorns decorate each path, young stems have dark green tree bark and woody old stems have purplish brown color. The leaves are arranged alternately from the petiole and downy. Leaf pinnate, ovoid with rounded base, tapered tip and sharp saw edge. The top leaves are dark green and shiny.

Various forms of mawar have been cultivated in the garden for a long time, many varieties of garden roses and hibidation as tea roses and so on hybrid tea rose…