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Common lascar (Pantoporia hordonia)

Common lascar (Pantoporia hordonia) is an animal species in Nymphalidae, a butterfly-shaped insect, medium sized, black and orange with a striking pattern, two pairs of wings, 3.8-4.4 cm stretch, black antennae, head and chest, grayish palpi, ochraceous belly, has two forms for the rainy season and the dry season.

P. hordonia in the rainy season has an upperside with a wide discoid line, the anterior protrudes twice and the crest extends. The forewing has fused posterior discal spots, forming a short irregular oblique wide band. The anterior spots are fused and oblique from the ribs. The postdiscal obscure gray transverse and the orange transverse subterminal line are very slender and indistinct.

Dlium Common lascar (Pantoporia hordonia)

Hindwing has a subbasal wide transverse band and a much narrower postdiscal band that curves inward at the ends. The terminal margin is black crossed by the darker black underline.

The underside is chestnut brown, covered with a short, slender, transverse brown striae along the edge of an orange mark similar to the mark on the upper side but wider, paler and indistinct.

Forewing has a pale transverse postdiscal and orange subterminal stripe from the upper side replaced by a narrow postdiscal lilacine band defined by a slightly crenulated chestnut-brown stripe on each side and a pale subterminal line.

Hindwing has a base filled with lilacine. The subbasal and postdiscal bands are bounded by a narrow lilacine band, the orange-yellow color of the postdiscal band is largely obscured by transverse brown. Terminal edge with a wide, indistinct, tortuous lilacine line.

The form during the dry season is similar to that of the rainy season, but has a much wider range of features. The upperside of the forewing has a postdiscal line and a clear, orange-yellow underline, a pale underside with more fuzzy marks. Short brown streak across many specimens covering almost the entire surface of the wing.

Larvae have two forms. The first form has a large head and is triangular in shape, the sections of the body increase and then decrease gradually. The front of the fourth segment generally slopes downward at an angle to the rest of the body and with a dark greenish brown undercoat. The rest is just a greenish gray color and crossed by diagonal dark bands. Eat lots of Acacia and Albizzia.

The second form has hair on the head and dorsal point replaced by a long spine-like process. The butterfly produced from larvae with spines has a male of a lighter color and feeds on other than acasia.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Insecta
Subclass: Pterygota
Order: Lepidoptera
Superfamily: Papilionoidea
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Limenitidinae
Tribe: Neptini
Genus: Pantoporia
Species: Pantoporia hordonia
Subspecies: Pantoporia hordonia ssp. hordonia dan Pantoporia hordonia ssp. rihodona



Cotton stainer bugs (Dysdercus)

Cotton stainer bug ( Dysdercus ) is a genus in Pyrrhocoridae, the imago and nymph phases have black and red colors, three pairs of limbs of the same length and differ only in the size of the limbs of each segment, the limbs on the femur are slightly larger than the tarsus and tibia. Dysdercus has a mouth consisting of a rostum and a stylet. The rostume is located on the anterior part of the head, is elongated and segmented as a wrapper for the stylet. This sucker is formed by the food tract and salivary tract. The nymphs undergo several molting processes to become imago. The species in Dysdercus consume plant fluids wherein the nymphs perform in groups, whereas the imago does more individually. They trample the stems of plants regularly and form long rows. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Subphylum: Hexapoda Class: Insecta Subclass: Pterygota Order: Hemiptera Suborder: Heteroptera Infraorder: Pentatomomorpha Superfamily: Pyrrhocoroidea Family: Pyrrhocoridae Genus: Dysdercus

Salak (Salacca zalacca)

Salak or snake fruit ( Salacca zalacca ) is a species of palm plant in Arecaceae, dioesis, shrubs and not trunked, has many thorns, many shoots, grows into dense and strong clumps, spreads below or above the ground, often branching and 10-15 cm diameter. S. zalacca has compound leaves, pinnate and 3-7 m long. Petiole, midrib and sapling have many long thorns, thin spines and a blackish-gray color. Minor leaves have a lanceolate shape, a pointed tip, 8x85 cm and a white underside by a waxy coating. The flowers in the cob are compound, appear in the armpit of the leaf, stem, initially covered by a sheath then dry and break down like fibers. Male flowers 50-100 cm long, 4-12 cylindrical items, 7-15 cm long, reddish in the armpits of tightly arranged scales. Female flowers 20-30 cm long, stemmed long and 1-3 items. The fruit has scaly skin, is eaten and is known as a table fruit, triangular shaped rather rounded or inverted ovoid, pointed at the base and rounded at the tip, 2.5-10

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red