Skip to main content

Common lascar (Pantoporia hordonia)

Common lascar (Pantoporia hordonia) is an animal species in Nymphalidae, a butterfly-shaped insect, medium sized, black and orange with a striking pattern, two pairs of wings, 3.8-4.4 cm stretch, black antennae, head and chest, grayish palpi, ochraceous belly, has two forms for the rainy season and the dry season.

P. hordonia in the rainy season has an upperside with a wide discoid line, the anterior protrudes twice and the crest extends. The forewing has fused posterior discal spots, forming a short irregular oblique wide band. The anterior spots are fused and oblique from the ribs. The postdiscal obscure gray transverse and the orange transverse subterminal line are very slender and indistinct.

Dlium Common lascar (Pantoporia hordonia)

Hindwing has a subbasal wide transverse band and a much narrower postdiscal band that curves inward at the ends. The terminal margin is black crossed by the darker black underline.

The underside is chestnut brown, covered with a short, slender, transverse brown striae along the edge of an orange mark similar to the mark on the upper side but wider, paler and indistinct.

Forewing has a pale transverse postdiscal and orange subterminal stripe from the upper side replaced by a narrow postdiscal lilacine band defined by a slightly crenulated chestnut-brown stripe on each side and a pale subterminal line.

Hindwing has a base filled with lilacine. The subbasal and postdiscal bands are bounded by a narrow lilacine band, the orange-yellow color of the postdiscal band is largely obscured by transverse brown. Terminal edge with a wide, indistinct, tortuous lilacine line.

The form during the dry season is similar to that of the rainy season, but has a much wider range of features. The upperside of the forewing has a postdiscal line and a clear, orange-yellow underline, a pale underside with more fuzzy marks. Short brown streak across many specimens covering almost the entire surface of the wing.

Larvae have two forms. The first form has a large head and is triangular in shape, the sections of the body increase and then decrease gradually. The front of the fourth segment generally slopes downward at an angle to the rest of the body and with a dark greenish brown undercoat. The rest is just a greenish gray color and crossed by diagonal dark bands. Eat lots of Acacia and Albizzia.

The second form has hair on the head and dorsal point replaced by a long spine-like process. The butterfly produced from larvae with spines has a male of a lighter color and feeds on other than acasia.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Insecta
Subclass: Pterygota
Order: Lepidoptera
Superfamily: Papilionoidea
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Limenitidinae
Tribe: Neptini
Genus: Pantoporia
Species: Pantoporia hordonia
Subspecies: Pantoporia hordonia ssp. hordonia dan Pantoporia hordonia ssp. rihodona



Guinea grass (Panicum maximum)

Guinea grass or buffalo grass or green panic ( Panicum maximum ) is a plant species in Poaceae, annual grasses, growing upright to form clumps, strong, cultivated in all tropical and subtropical regions for very high value as fodder. P. maximum reproduces in very large pols, fibrous roots penetrate into the soil, upright stems, green, 1-1.5 m tall and have smooth cavities for diameters up to 2.5 mm. Propagation is done vegetatively and generatively. Ribbon-shaped leaves with a pointed tip, very many, built in lines, green, 40-105 cm long, 10-30 mm wide, erect, branched, a white linear bone, often covered with a layer of white wax, rough surface by hair short, dense and spread. The flower grows at the end of a long and upright stalk, open with the main axis length to more than 25 cm and the length of the bunches down to 20 cm. Grains have a size of 3x4 mm and oval. Seeds have a length of 2.25-2.50 mm and each 1 kg contains 1.2 - 1.5 million seeds. Guinea grass has two varieties. P

Giant green leech (Raksasa hijau)

Lintah raksasa or giant green leech ( Raksasa hijau ) is a species of animal in Salifidae, large green leeches, carnivores, not hematophagic, can grow to lengths of more than 50 cm, the front is perfectly tubular, but it is getting bigger, wider and flat backward. R. hijau has a front end that ends with a white mouth and has a width equal to the diameter of the front end of the body. The rear end ends with the anus and has a width equal to the diameter of the rear end of the body. The upper surface is whole dark green or leafy green, looks shiny and has no other additional color features. The bottom surface is lighter or brownish green. The skin is wrinkled like tight, elastic joints that make it possible to lengthen the body. Giant green leech moves forward by extending the tip of the front of the body to keep the new location farther away and this movement is then followed by the middle body and gradually the rear where the body moves completely. R. hijau does not suck blo

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red