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Peacock pansy (Junonia almana)

Peacock pansy (Junonia almana) is an animal species in Nymphalidae, tropical butterflies with a wingspan of 50-60 mm, the forewings feature bars and eyes, the hind wings have eye features, the trunk has stripes, seasonal polyphenism with two distinct adult forms especially the wing and stripe patterns for the dry and wet seasons.

J. almana during the dry season has an orange yellow top and a brown underside. The wings have firm angles with tendrils or slightly jagged, black and white outline with a brown plot.

Dlium Peacock pansy (Junonia almana)


The forewings have four brown, blue and yellow bars along the top edge. A small eye on the top and a large eye on the bottom, dark brown or black on the edges, then white, dark blue and white stripes at the very center.

The hind wings have a large eye on the top, dark brown or black on the edges, then a white stripe, then filled in the middle by red, white and black. A small eye at the bottom with a bright yellow and black outline.

Peacock pansy during the rainy season has a yellow-orange top and a brown underside. The wings have obtuse corners without tendrils or slightly jagged, black and white outline with brown plots.

The forewings have four brown, blue and yellow bars along the top edge. A small eye on the top and a large eye on the bottom, dark brown or black on the edges, then white, dark blue and white stripes at the very center.



The hind wings have a large eye on the top, dark brown or black on the edges, then a white stripe, then filled in the middle by red, white and black. A small eye at the bottom with a bright yellow and black outline.

Larvae are cylindrical and eat a variety of leaves. The head is black and slightly hairy. The body is pale reddish brown with blackish dorsal, subdorsal and lateral lines. A row of small ringed spots under the last.

The second segment is anterior with a transverse reddish stripe. The second, third and fourth segments are posterior with transverse black lines. The second to last segment is armed with a dorsal, subdorsal, and two lateral rows of short, finely branched spines.

The cocoon is rather short and thick, the head and chest are broad, the headpiece is downward, the chest and dorsal part of the abdomen with a short tubercular point, brown or brown in color.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Insecta
Subclass: Pterygota
Order: Lepidoptera
Superfamily: Papilionoidea
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Tribe: Junoniini
Genus: Junonia
Species: Junonia almana
Subspecies: Junonia almana ssp. almana, Junonia almana ssp. javana

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