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Papaya (Carica papaya)

Kates or papaya (Carica papaya) is a species of plant in the Caricaceae, a small tree that is not woody and rarely branched, 2-10 meters tall with leaves arranged in a spiral and limited to the top of the stem, very many cultivars, one of the important commercial crops in the agricultural industry for fruit and leaves.

C. papaya has a height depending on the cultivar and a conspicuous scar where the leaves and fruit grow. The leaves are large, 50-70 cm in diameter, seven lobes very deep and green. The stalk is very long, tubular and has a large cavity inside. All parts of the plant contain latex.

Dlium Papaya (Carica papaya)

Flowers consist of five parts and are very dimorphic. Male flowers have stamens attached to the petals. The female flower has a superior ovary and five wrinkled petals that are loosely connected at the base. The flowers are sweet-scented, open at night and pollinated by wind or insects.

The fruit has a large shape and size depending on the variety, round or cylindrical, 15-45 cm long and 10-30 cm in diameter. Ripe fruit has a soft texture, the skin is yellow to orange and along the walls of the large central cavity are attached numerous black seeds.

Papaya grows as male, female and hermaphrodite. Males only produce pollen and never bear fruit. Females produce small fruit and are not edible unless pollinated. Hermaphrodites can self-pollinate because flowers contain male stamens and female ovaries.

Kates in cultivation grows fast to bear fruit and prefers sandy, well-drained soil. The fruit has a soft outer skin, peels easily and is yellow or red in color. The flesh is red or orange or yellow and has a sweet taste.

The green, unripe fruit can be eaten cooked or preserved or salted. Almost ripe papaya can also be eaten fresh as a salad. The ripe fruit is eaten immediately after removing the skin. Young leaves and flowers are cooked as vegetables and ingredients in traditional medicine.

The black seeds are edible and have a sharp, nutty taste. The sap is used to tenderize meat and other proteins. The leaves are used as a malaria treatment, abortifacient, laxative and relieve asthma.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Brassicales
Family: Caricaceae
Genus: Carica
Species: Carica papaya



Pygmy groundcherry (Physalis minima)

Ceplukan or pygmy groundcherry ( Physalis minima ) is a plant species in the Solanaceae, a pantropical perennial herb, 50 cm high, green in color, grows in wet or semi-wet areas, the fruit is edible and has a pleasant taste, is often used as an anti-cancer, analgesic and anti-inflammatory. P. minima has an erect trunk with many branches, is square with sharp angles, 20-50 cm high, bright green and juicy. The branching produces two or three new stems and becomes the point for producing leaves and fruit. The leaves have a smooth surface, hairless, plain or serrated edges, 2.5-12 cm long, light green color and pointed tips. The stalk is long and continues to be a bone in the center of the leaf with some lateral veins. Bell-shaped flowers with five corners, cream to yellow in color with brown plots on the inside and white pistils. The fruit is yellowish green and packed in a thin covering that turns brown and falls to the ground when ripe. Pygmy groundcherry grows wild in forest edges,

Bignay (Antidesma bunius)

Bignay or buni ( Antidesma bunius ) is a plant species in Phyllanthaceae, deciduous trees, up to 30 m tall, straight stems and 20-25 cm in diameter, many branches and shade, small fruits arranged in a long stalk, eaten raw or deep cooking or fermented into grapes. A. bunius has leaves with 1 cm long stalks, alternating, oblong-lanceolate, 19-25 cm long, 4-10 cm wide, rounded base, sharp or blunt tip, flat margins, dark green and shiny upper surface, bright lower surface, a main bone runs in the middle and appears on the underside of the leaf. Male and female flowers are located in different trees and arranged in the form of panicles 6-20 cm long. Female flower size is larger than male flowers. Terminal or axillary and narrowly spicate or racemose. Male flowers sit, cupular petals consisting of 3-4 short rounded petals, 3-4 stamens and reddish in color. Female flowers have a stalk, bell-shaped petals, 3-4 lobes measuring 1x2 mm, ovary ovoid, 3-4 pistil heads with small discs. Wet

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red