Skip to main content

White ginger (Hedychium coronarium)

Gandasuli or white ginger (Hedychium coronarium) is a species of plant in the Zingiberaceae, a creeping rhizome with white flowers, a spice commonly found in humid places and near watercourses in lowlands up to 1900 meters, widely used for medicinal purposes.

H. coronarium has a trunk that is modified into a rhizome to propagate and branch below the soil surface. Roots and shoots grow from the fleshy segments of the rhizome. The shoot grows upwards with a pseudo-stem that comes from the leaf midrib.

Dlium White ginger (Hedychium coronarium)

White ginger has a height of 1-2 meters with a sitting leaf, lanceolate, 7-55 cm long, 3-5 cm wide, a large bone in the middle, pointed tip and green. Compound inflorescences with white crowns and a strong fragrance.

The flowers are extracted into essential oils as fragrant oil seeds. Rhizome has a bitter and warm taste when swallowed. Its chemical constituents include glucose, albumin, resin, cellulose and various organic acids.

Gandasuli is used for diaphoretics and stomakics, to cure various diseases such as headaches, colds, tonsils, indigestion, irregular menstruation, puerperal fever, rheumatism, aches and pains and bruises.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Genus: Hedychium
Species: Hedychium coronarium
Subspecies: Hedychium coronarium ssp. coronarium, Hedychium coronarium ssp. flavescens



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Soapbush (Clidemia hirta)

Senggani bulu or soapbush or Koster's curse ( Clidemia hirta ) is a species of tropical plants, perennial shrubs, grows as high as 0.5-3 m, but sometimes reaches 5 m in more shady habitat, young stems are round and covered with hair, stiff, reddish brown. C. hirta has simple leaves arranged opposite to the stem, oval-shaped in a wide line at the base with a pointed tip and almost entirely to a smooth jagged margin. The upper surface is rarely covered with hair, while the lower surface has thick hair. The leaves have a rather tangled appearance and five main veins are straight, curved and spread in parallel from the base of the leaf to the tip. Minor veins spread transversely and straightly that connect the five main veins. The flowers are arranged in small clusters at the ends of branches, growing on very short stems and having five white petals or sometimes pale pinks. The base of the flower is covered with a mixture of coarse and sticky hair, five sepals but these are ver

Melinjo (Gnetum gnemon)

Melinjo or belinjo or tangkil ( Gnetum gnemon ) is a species of gymnosperms in Gnetaceae, dioecious, tree-shaped, living wild but also widely planted in the yard as a shade or barrier where seeds, seed coat and young leaves are processed into food. G. gnemon is a tree and has a straight trunk, this is different from other Gnetum which is usually a liana. Annual plants with open seeds, do not produce true flowers and fruit. Fake fruit is basically a seed wrapped in a layer of aryl fleshy. Single leaf oval and blunt tip. Melinjo live for more than 100 years, 25 m tall and produce 80-100 kg of seeds per harvest. They adapt to a wide temperature range and are very easy to find in various areas except the coast. Grows in forests, plantations and home gardens. Plants are propagated by generative and vegetative methods. Belinjo can be found in arid, tropical regions and does not require highly nutritious soils or special climates. Grow on clay, sandy and calcareous soil at an altitude of