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Ampel bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris ssp. vulgaris)

Ampel bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris ssp. vulgaris) is a plant species in Poaceae, grows in clumps and is not too tight, reeds are not perfectly straight, is green, the rhizomes have sympodial branches, providing many uses as building materials, paper raw materials, bamboo shoot vegetables and living fences.

B. vulgaris ssp. vulgaris has yellow or green shoots, covered with brown to black hairs. The reed stands upright, 10-20 m high, straight or slightly zigzagged with a curved tip. The reed begins to branch 1.5 m above the ground with 2-5 branches on a knot, one larger than the other.

Dlium Ampel bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris)


The segment has a length of 20-45 cm and a diameter of 4-10 cm, a thick reed wall 7-15 mm, the outer surface is shiny green with fallen hairs and dark, whitish wax coating when young. The boundary of the internodes is oblique, slightly protruding and the bottom has aerial roots.

The reed fronds fall out quickly, in the form of a wide triangle, 15-45x20 cm, the top is longer, green to yellow in color. The outer side is covered by a black miang and hairy edges.

The leaves of the reed stand upright, triangular wide, 4-5x5-6 cm, slightly narrowed at the base, pointed and stiff, have hairs on both sides and along the lower edge. The ears are relatively large, oval round and oblique, 0.5-2 cm long, brown bristles, 3-8 mm on the edge. The ligula is slightly serrated, 3 mm high and locos.

The leaves on the twig are lanceolate, 6-30x1-4 cm and lokos. The frond ears are small and rounded, 0.5-1.5 mm high, and have a few spongy hairs 1-3 mm long. The ligula is almost flat, 0.5-1.5 mm high and locos.



Inflorescences in panicles, usually on leafless twigs or reeds or on small leaved reeds with small clusters of spikelets on each internode and separated for a distance of 2-6 cm. The spikelet is narrow ovoid, 12-19x4-5 mm, flattened on the sides, 5-10 florets perfect and one floret at the end.

Ampel bamboo likes hot and humid lowlands to an elevation of 1,200 m, but growth stunts above 1,000 m. It grows wild on riverbanks, roadsides, abandoned areas, open spaces and poor lands of former tin mining.

The reed is not perfectly straight so straight and does not withstand beetle attack, but is widely used for mast, flagpole, rudder, boat polish, truss, fencing, rafters, combs, furniture industry and fine pulp for making paper. Bamboo shoots as vegetables and boiled water to treat hepatitis.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Bambusinae
Genus: Bambusa
Species: Bambusa vulgaris
Subspecies: Bambusa vulgaris vulgaris

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