Skip to main content

Shampoo ginger (Zingiber zerumbet)

Lempuyang or shampoo ginger (Zingiber zerumbet) is a plant species in Zingiberaceae, a spice with leafy stems, grows up to 1.2 m tall, grows wild in the shade, rhizomes are used as food flavoring and appetizers in various dishes, rhizome extract is used in treatment.

Z. zerumbet in the dry season undergoes a period of inactivity on the soil where the leafy stems wither and die, leaving pale brown rhizomes that crawl across the soil surface. The stems will grow back and produce flowers in the rainy season.

Dlium Shampoo ginger (Zingiber zerumbet)

Leaves 10-12 fins with pointed tips, 15-20 cm long, grow in alternating arrangements on thin, erect stems to 1.2 m high. Flower heads grow between stems. Flowers are conical, have stick-shaped stalks, erect, separate from the stem and shorter.

The flower heads are green and turn red, 3-10 cm long with overlapping scales, covering the small yellowish white flowers poking out. Mature flowers gradually fill with an aromatic and slimy liquid.

The rhizomes, leaves, petioles and flowers have a fragrant aroma. Often used to enhance the taste of meat and fish when cooked. The rhizomes are sliced, dried, and ground into a powder. The gel on adult flower heads is used to soften and make hair shiny.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Genus: Zingiber
Species: Zingiber zerumbet
Subspecies: Zingiber zerumbet ssp. cochinchinense, Zingiber zerumbet ssp. zerumbet



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Elephant bell gourd (Trichosanthes tricuspidata)

Elephant bell gourd ( Trichosanthes tricuspidata ) is a plant species in the Cucurbitaceae, stems grow elongated to propagate or climb, many branches, cylindrical in shape and green in color. T. cochinchinensis has stem tips or branches that twist to attach themselves to a support or other plant. It grows to climb to cover a support, usually on another plant, up to several meters and creeps along the ground to reach another support. Arrow-shaped leaves, split base, sharp apex and two wings at an acute angle, have many veins ending at a sharp edge, green and have a long petiole. Single flower is white. The fruit is round to oval, ends with a tail, young green and turns red with maturity, thin skin, thick flesh and reddish yellow, has a short stalk and hangs. The seeds are in the middle of the fruit. Seeds are white, oval and flat. Black coated seeds. Elephant bell gourd grows wild in primary and secondary forests, agricultural land, roadsides, watersheds, especially on slopes, damp a

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red