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Noni (Morinda citrifolia)

Mengkudu or noni (Morinda citrifolia) is a plant species in Rubiaceae, grows in lowlands to an elevation of 1500 m, trees as high as 3-8 m, white hump flowers, compound fruit, shiny green when young and has spots, white with black spots when ripe.

M. citrifolia has twisted stems, stiff branches, bark grayish brown or yellowish brown, and rectangular branches. The wood splits easily after drying and can be used for support for the pepper plant.

Dlium Noni (Morinda citrifolia)

Thick leaves, sitting face to face in the shape of a lanceolate, 15-50 cm long, 5-17 cm wide. flat edges, short sharp edges, green and glossy top surface. The base is peg-shaped. A bone in the center with some pinnate veins and a light green color.

Compound flowers, fragrant, round hump, 1-4 cm stalk, grows in the axillary of the leaves and faces the leaves that grow normally. White crown, funnel-shaped and up to 1.5 cm long. Stamens stuck in the mouth of the crown. The pistil has two nipples. Blooms from petals and is shaped like a bunch.

Compound fruit, 7.5-10 cm in diameter, formed from the fruit that sticks together, the hump on the inside. Gradual development follows the process of flower expansion starting from the tip of the head to the base. The compound fruit surface is divided into mottled and warty polygonal segments that originate from the remainder of a single ovule.

Green when thickened, before cooking it becomes yellowish white and finally pale white when ripe. Soft pulp, composed of pyramid-shaped stone fruits with white color and formed from mesocarp.

The pulp contains a lot of water, smells like rotten cheese due to the mixing of capric acid, caproic acid (C6) and caprylic acid (C8). It is suspected that the last two compounds are active antibiotics. Fruit is processed as vegetables and salad. Leaves are also used as one of the nicah peugaga ingredients. Besides that, it is also often used as a medicinal ingredient.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Morindeae
Genus: Morinda
Species: Morinda citrifolia



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Lawe (Abroma augustum)

Lawe or devil's cotton ( Abroma augustum ) is a plant species in Malvaceae, a small tree or bush that is erect, up to 10 m tall but generally 2-3 m tall, stems and twigs covered with star hair that are sharp, brittle and cause skin itching, sometimes also with glandular hair. A. augustum has a single leaf, alternating, has a long stalk, a heart-shaped base, a pointed tip with a very variable base whose leaves near the base of the branch have a circular shape from the egg to the heart, 3-5 curves, diameter 20-37 cm, while the leaves near the tips of twigs have elongated shapes with smooth toothed edges. The flowers gather in cymes at the tips of the twigs or face leaves, 1-4 buds, 1-3 cm long stems and 6-8 mm bractea. Hanging flowers, 3-5 cm in diameter, 5 angles and 1-3.5 cm long stems. The petals have 5 leaves, share a deep, triangular, 15-20 mm long, 6 mm wide and greenish. The crown has 5 leaves, spoon-shaped, 2-3.5 cm long, 1 cm wide, dark purple or red or yellow, concave an

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red