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Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas)

Ubi jalar or sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a plant species in Convolvulaceae, perennial vines, leaves alternate, varying in shape from heart or curved to finger, medium sized simppetal flowers and trumpet-shaped.

I. batatas has a stem that crawls on the ground, is cylindrical, 0.5-4 meters long, some cultivars form shoots up to 16 meters long and form adventitious roots in knots. Leaves grow along the stem. The petiole is 5 to 20 inches long.

Dlium Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas)


Leaf shapes vary widely, 5-13 cm in length, from liver or kidney to egg, round or triangular to spearhead, intact, toothed or often three to seven times curved, cut or divided with rounded to sharp ends, green to purple in color.

Hermaphrodite flower, 5 folds, short, zymous stalk that emerges from the axillary and stands upright. The sepals are small elongated, tapering to a point and 7-15 mm long, usually fine hair. The crown is trumpet-shaped, 4-7 cm long, folded with a shorter end.

Edible roots of tubers are elongated and tapered with smooth yellow or orange or red or brown or purple or cream skin. White or yellow cultivars have a less sweet and moist taste than red or pink or orange.



Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Solanales
Family: Convolvulaceae
Tribe: Ipomoeeae
Genus: Ipomoea
Species: Ipomoea batatas
Varieties: Ipomoea batatas var. apiculata, Ipomoea batatas var. batatas

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