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Chinese albizia (Albizia chinensis)

Sengon or Chinese albizia (Albizia chinensis) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, shade and wood-producing tree, deciduous, 30-45 m high, 70-140 cm in diameter, slightly smooth bark, dark gray with transverse teeth, lenticels, thin, faceted and hairy young branches.

A. chinensis has compound leaves, multiple pinnate and 4-14 pairs of fins. The main leaf bone is 10-25 cm long, hairy with glands near the base of the petiole and at the junction of the fin bones. The cusps are large, ovate with a heart-shaped base, like a membrane with a tail at the end.

Dlium Chinese albizia (Albizia chinensis)

The leaf fins are 4-14 cm long with 10-45 leaflets per fin, sitting and facing each other. Leaflets are elongated to form a line with a pointed tip, oblique, blue green underside, 6-13 mm long, 1.5-4 mm wide, the middle leaf bone is very close to the top edge.

Compound flowers, hump-shaped, stemmed, collected again into panicles with a length of 15-30 cm. The hump has 10-20 buds. Toothed petals, 4 mm high and hairy. The crown tube is funnel-shaped, yellow-green, 7 mm high and hairy. Stamens numbered 10 or more, 3 cm long, white, top green, base fused to form a tube, approximately as high as the crown.

The pod-shaped fruit is 10-18 cm long, 2-3.5 cm wide, does not open, breaks irregularly. Seeds are flat, oblong, 7 mm long and 4-5 mm wide.

Sengon is found naturally in mixed deciduous forests in humid and sunny areas with rainfall of 1000-5000 mm/year. This tree is also found in secondary forests, along river banks and savannas up to an elevation of 1800 meters. Sengon is well adapted to poor, high pH or saline soils in lateritic and sandy alluvial soils.

Chinese albizia produces light wood with a density of 320-640 kg/m³ at a moisture content of 15%. The texture is a bit dense, straight fibrous and a bit rough, but easy to work with. The heartwood is glossy yellow to brown-red-ivory. Strength in class III–IV and durability in class III–IV.

Wood is used to make crates, boats, house potions and bridges. Often planted in coffee and tea plantations, parks, gardens and roadsides as shade. This tree is also planted to protect slopes and improve soil. Roots are nitrogen fixing.
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Tribe: Ingeae
Genus: Albizia
Species: Albizia chinensis



Pygmy groundcherry (Physalis minima)

Ceplukan or pygmy groundcherry ( Physalis minima ) is a plant species in the Solanaceae, a pantropical perennial herb, 50 cm high, green in color, grows in wet or semi-wet areas, the fruit is edible and has a pleasant taste, is often used as an anti-cancer, analgesic and anti-inflammatory. P. minima has an erect trunk with many branches, is square with sharp angles, 20-50 cm high, bright green and juicy. The branching produces two or three new stems and becomes the point for producing leaves and fruit. The leaves have a smooth surface, hairless, plain or serrated edges, 2.5-12 cm long, light green color and pointed tips. The stalk is long and continues to be a bone in the center of the leaf with some lateral veins. Bell-shaped flowers with five corners, cream to yellow in color with brown plots on the inside and white pistils. The fruit is yellowish green and packed in a thin covering that turns brown and falls to the ground when ripe. Pygmy groundcherry grows wild in forest edges,

Bignay (Antidesma bunius)

Bignay or buni ( Antidesma bunius ) is a plant species in Phyllanthaceae, deciduous trees, up to 30 m tall, straight stems and 20-25 cm in diameter, many branches and shade, small fruits arranged in a long stalk, eaten raw or deep cooking or fermented into grapes. A. bunius has leaves with 1 cm long stalks, alternating, oblong-lanceolate, 19-25 cm long, 4-10 cm wide, rounded base, sharp or blunt tip, flat margins, dark green and shiny upper surface, bright lower surface, a main bone runs in the middle and appears on the underside of the leaf. Male and female flowers are located in different trees and arranged in the form of panicles 6-20 cm long. Female flower size is larger than male flowers. Terminal or axillary and narrowly spicate or racemose. Male flowers sit, cupular petals consisting of 3-4 short rounded petals, 3-4 stamens and reddish in color. Female flowers have a stalk, bell-shaped petals, 3-4 lobes measuring 1x2 mm, ovary ovoid, 3-4 pistil heads with small discs. Wet

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red