Skip to main content

Puspa (Schima wallichii)

Puspa (Schima wallichii) is a species of plant in Theaceae, a medium sized tree and producer of medium quality carpentry wood, spiral leaves, bell flowers, bulbous flowers, winged seeds, grows at elevations of up to 4000 meters and is widely used to make tools and construction materials.

S. wallichii has a height of up to 47 meters, stems cylindrical, up to 250 cm in diameter, branch-free up to 25 meters, the bark is cracked and forms longitudinal furrows, reddish brown to dark gray, the inside is bright red .

Dlium Puspa (Schima wallichii)

The leaves have a stalk of 3 mm and are spread in a spiral. Leaves oval to broad oblong, 6-13 cm long, 3-5 cm wide, wedge-shaped base, pointed tip, a large central vein and several lateral veins. Old leaves are green and thick, young leaves are reddish.

Flowers grow in the armpits at the tips of twigs and have protective leaves. The long-lived petals become fruit. The crown is white and attached at the base with many stamens in the middle. Fruits are round or square, 2-3 cm in diameter, open with five valves. The seeds are surrounded by wings.

Puspa lives in a variety of soils, climates and habitats. Often found abundantly in lowland primary forests, common in secondary forests and disturbed areas and grasslands up to 4000 meters elevation.

Puspa is appreciated for its good quality wood as an ingredient in house ingredients. This wood is more suitable for use as beams and pillars of houses and bridges than made into boards. Wood tends to bend or warp. Puspa wood is also good for making plywood and fiberboard.

The heartwood is reddish-brown or gray-brown and the sapwood is lighter. Smooth texture and smooth surface with straight grain direction. Specific gravity 0.45-0.92, strong class II, durable class III, termite attack resistance class II, fungus attack resistance class III-IV, radial dry shrinkage 4.7-4.8%, tangential dry shrinkage 8.6 -10.6% and energy 19,980 kJ/kg.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ericales
Family: Theaceae
Genus: Schima
Species: Schima wallichii
Subspecies: Schima wallichii ssp. liukiuensis, Schima wallichii ssp. noronhae, Schima wallichii var. superba



Pygmy groundcherry (Physalis minima)

Ceplukan or pygmy groundcherry ( Physalis minima ) is a plant species in the Solanaceae, a pantropical perennial herb, 50 cm high, green in color, grows in wet or semi-wet areas, the fruit is edible and has a pleasant taste, is often used as an anti-cancer, analgesic and anti-inflammatory. P. minima has an erect trunk with many branches, is square with sharp angles, 20-50 cm high, bright green and juicy. The branching produces two or three new stems and becomes the point for producing leaves and fruit. The leaves have a smooth surface, hairless, plain or serrated edges, 2.5-12 cm long, light green color and pointed tips. The stalk is long and continues to be a bone in the center of the leaf with some lateral veins. Bell-shaped flowers with five corners, cream to yellow in color with brown plots on the inside and white pistils. The fruit is yellowish green and packed in a thin covering that turns brown and falls to the ground when ripe. Pygmy groundcherry grows wild in forest edges,

Bignay (Antidesma bunius)

Bignay or buni ( Antidesma bunius ) is a plant species in Phyllanthaceae, deciduous trees, up to 30 m tall, straight stems and 20-25 cm in diameter, many branches and shade, small fruits arranged in a long stalk, eaten raw or deep cooking or fermented into grapes. A. bunius has leaves with 1 cm long stalks, alternating, oblong-lanceolate, 19-25 cm long, 4-10 cm wide, rounded base, sharp or blunt tip, flat margins, dark green and shiny upper surface, bright lower surface, a main bone runs in the middle and appears on the underside of the leaf. Male and female flowers are located in different trees and arranged in the form of panicles 6-20 cm long. Female flower size is larger than male flowers. Terminal or axillary and narrowly spicate or racemose. Male flowers sit, cupular petals consisting of 3-4 short rounded petals, 3-4 stamens and reddish in color. Female flowers have a stalk, bell-shaped petals, 3-4 lobes measuring 1x2 mm, ovary ovoid, 3-4 pistil heads with small discs. Wet

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red