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Variegated croton (Codiaeum variegatum)

Puring or variegated croton (Codiaeum variegatum) is a species of plant in Euphorbiaceae, shrubs, evergreen, monoecious, cosmopolitan, leaves have very varied shapes and colors, are widely cultivated as ornamental plants and have hundreds of varieties.

C. variegatum grows to a height of 3 m, large evergreen leaves, thick, leathery, shiny, arranged alternately, 5-30 cm long and 0.5-8 cm wide. Strands can be ribbon, lanceolate, oval, elliptical, inverted ovoid and violin-shaped. Colors can be green, yellow, purple and in various patterns.

Dlium Variegated croton (Codiaeum variegatum)


The petiole is 0.2-2.5 cm long. The inflorescences are racemes, 8-30 cm long, the male is white with five small petals and 20-30 stamens, the pollen is oval and 52x32 microns in size. The female flowers are yellowish. The fruit is a capsule, 9 mm in diameter, three seeds with a diameter of 6 mm.

Several hundred cultivars are selected and bred for foliage. Milk sap can cause eczema in some people. The bark, roots, sap and leaves are poisonous. The toxin is the chemical compound 5-deoxyingenol. This plant contains oil and is suspected as a carcinogen.







Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Crotonoideae
Tribe: Codiaeae
Subtribe: Codiaeinae
Genus: Codiaeum
Species: Codiaeum variegatum
Forms and varieties: Codiaeum variegatum f. angustifolium, Codiaeum variegatum var. cavernicola, Codiaeum variegatum f. crispum, Codiaeum variegatum var. genuinum, Codiaeum variegatum var. moluccanum, Variegated Croton Codiaeum variegatum var. pictum

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