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Elephant ear tree (Enterolobium cyclocarpum)

Sengon buto or elephant ear tree (Enterolobium cyclocarpum) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a medium to large tree, 25-35 m high, 3.5 m trunk diameter, umbrella-shaped crown, dry season sheds all leaves and circular pods.

E. cyclocarpum has a cylindrical stem, has many branches from a height of 2 meters, the bark is light gray with reddish brown vertical gaps. Old trees often show damaged, chipped or scarred bark.

Dlium Elephant ear tree (Enterolobium cyclocarpum)

Leaves compound bipinnate, 15-40 cm long, 17 cm wide, petiole 2-6 cm with 4-15 pairs of pinnae, each pinna with 40-70 leaflets. Leaflets are slender oblong, 8-15 mm long and 2-4 mm wide.

Globular inflorescences in the axils of new leaves, each head consisting of 50 individual flowers with thousands of thin, filamentous stamens. Each flower consists of 20 stamens and one pistil, very fragrant up to several meters in all directions.

The fruit has a diameter of 7-12 cm, dark brown, shiny, not broken, spiral-shaped like a round disc. The fruit is made of thick soft tissue, containing 8-20 seeds arranged radially. Seeds are 14.5-17.5 mm long, 7.8-11.2 mm wide, 6.2-7.2 mm thick, brown with light brown or orange rings and very hard.

Tolerant of various levels of rainfall, temperature and soil conditions. Most grow in the lowlands in tropical habitats. Widely used as an ornamental tree, shade, shade and create many oases in the hot plains and slopes. The wood is reddish brown in color, light and water resistant.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Tribe: Ingeae
Genus: Enterolobium
Species: Enterolobium cyclocarpum



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Bush sorrel (Hibiscus surattensis)

Bush sorrel ( Hibiscus surattensis ) is a plant species in Malvaceae, annual shrub, crawling on the surface or climbing, up to 3 meters long, thorny stems, green leaves, yellow trumpet flowers, grows wild in forests and canal edges, widely used for vegetables and treatment. H. surattensis has stems with spines and hairs, branching and reddish green. Petiole emerges from the stem with a straight edge to the side, up to 11 cm long, sturdy, thorny, hairy and reddish green. The leaves have a length of 10 cm, width of 10 cm, 3-5 lobed, each has a bone in the middle with several pinnate veins, sharp tip, sharp and jagged edges, wavy, stiff, green surface. Flowers up to 10 cm long, trumpet-shaped, yellow with a purple or brown or red center, solitary, axillary. Epicalyx has forked bracts, linear inner branches, spathulate outer branches. Stalks up to 6-7 cm. The seeds have a length of 3-3.5 mm and a width of 2.5 mm. Bush sorrels grow in pastures, marshes, abandoned fields and plantations,

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Lawe or devil's cotton ( Abroma augustum ) is a plant species in Malvaceae, a small tree or bush that is erect, up to 10 m tall but generally 2-3 m tall, stems and twigs covered with star hair that are sharp, brittle and cause skin itching, sometimes also with glandular hair. A. augustum has a single leaf, alternating, has a long stalk, a heart-shaped base, a pointed tip with a very variable base whose leaves near the base of the branch have a circular shape from the egg to the heart, 3-5 curves, diameter 20-37 cm, while the leaves near the tips of twigs have elongated shapes with smooth toothed edges. The flowers gather in cymes at the tips of the twigs or face leaves, 1-4 buds, 1-3 cm long stems and 6-8 mm bractea. Hanging flowers, 3-5 cm in diameter, 5 angles and 1-3.5 cm long stems. The petals have 5 leaves, share a deep, triangular, 15-20 mm long, 6 mm wide and greenish. The crown has 5 leaves, spoon-shaped, 2-3.5 cm long, 1 cm wide, dark purple or red or yellow, concave an