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Elephant ear tree (Enterolobium cyclocarpum)

Sengon buto or elephant ear tree (Enterolobium cyclocarpum) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a medium to large tree, 25-35 m high, 3.5 m trunk diameter, umbrella-shaped crown, dry season sheds all leaves and circular pods.

E. cyclocarpum has a cylindrical stem, has many branches from a height of 2 meters, the bark is light gray with reddish brown vertical gaps. Old trees often show damaged, chipped or scarred bark.

Dlium Elephant ear tree (Enterolobium cyclocarpum)

Leaves compound bipinnate, 15-40 cm long, 17 cm wide, petiole 2-6 cm with 4-15 pairs of pinnae, each pinna with 40-70 leaflets. Leaflets are slender oblong, 8-15 mm long and 2-4 mm wide.

Globular inflorescences in the axils of new leaves, each head consisting of 50 individual flowers with thousands of thin, filamentous stamens. Each flower consists of 20 stamens and one pistil, very fragrant up to several meters in all directions.

The fruit has a diameter of 7-12 cm, dark brown, shiny, not broken, spiral-shaped like a round disc. The fruit is made of thick soft tissue, containing 8-20 seeds arranged radially. Seeds are 14.5-17.5 mm long, 7.8-11.2 mm wide, 6.2-7.2 mm thick, brown with light brown or orange rings and very hard.

Tolerant of various levels of rainfall, temperature and soil conditions. Most grow in the lowlands in tropical habitats. Widely used as an ornamental tree, shade, shade and create many oases in the hot plains and slopes. The wood is reddish brown in color, light and water resistant.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Tribe: Ingeae
Genus: Enterolobium
Species: Enterolobium cyclocarpum



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Elephant bell gourd (Trichosanthes tricuspidata)

Elephant bell gourd ( Trichosanthes tricuspidata ) is a plant species in the Cucurbitaceae, stems grow elongated to propagate or climb, many branches, cylindrical in shape and green in color. T. cochinchinensis has stem tips or branches that twist to attach themselves to a support or other plant. It grows to climb to cover a support, usually on another plant, up to several meters and creeps along the ground to reach another support. Arrow-shaped leaves, split base, sharp apex and two wings at an acute angle, have many veins ending at a sharp edge, green and have a long petiole. Single flower is white. The fruit is round to oval, ends with a tail, young green and turns red with maturity, thin skin, thick flesh and reddish yellow, has a short stalk and hangs. The seeds are in the middle of the fruit. Seeds are white, oval and flat. Black coated seeds. Elephant bell gourd grows wild in primary and secondary forests, agricultural land, roadsides, watersheds, especially on slopes, damp a

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red